5. What did the British acquire from the Netherlands in the Treaty of Utrecht of 1713?
the right to transport slaves from Africa to Spain's New World colonies
Which of the following is a true statement about the Atlantic slave trade's effect in West Africa?
It helped lead to the rise of militarized states in West Africa, whose large armies preyed upon their neighbors in order to capture slaves.
The development of rice plantations in South Carolina:
led to a black majority in that colony by the 1730s.
The task system:
assigned slaves daily jobs and allowed them free time upon completion of those jobs.
Georgia was established by James Oglethorpe, whose causes included improved conditions for imprisoned debtors and the abolition of:
The participants in South Carolina's Stono Rebellion:
included some who apparently had been soldiers in Africa.
During the eighteenth century, British patriotism:
celebrated individual freedom and the rule of law.
The British concept of liberty:
included both formal restraints on authority and a collection of specific rights.
"Republicanism" in the eighteenth-century Anglo-American political world emphasized the importance of ____________ as the essence of liberty.
active participation in public life by property-owning citizens
John Locke's political philosophy stressed:
a contract system between the people and the government.
The idea of liberalism in eighteenth-century British politics:
was compatible with inequalities in wealth and well-being.
How did colonial politics compare with British politics?
Colonists tended to agree with the British that owning property was related to having the right to vote.
Property qualifications for holding office:
meant that the landed gentry wielded considerable power in colonial legislatures.
The most successful colonial governors
used their appointive powers and control of land grants to win allies in colonial legislatures.
Which issue divided colonial governors appointed by the king and legislatures elected by colonists?
To deal with a scarcity of gold and silver coins, legislatures supported printing paper money despite opposition from the governors.
John Peter Zenger's libel trial:
probably would not have ended in his acquittal if he had attacked someone other than the colonial governor.
Deists shared the ideas of eighteenth-century European Enlightenment thinkers, namely that:
science could uncover God's laws that governed the natural order.
Which of the following is NOT true of the Great Awakening?
Its more subdued style of preaching appealed to a wider audience than the older, bombastic style employed by the Puritans.
The French in North America:
included a significant number of Nova Scotians who relocated to southern Louisiana, creating the group known as Cajuns.
The English finally became successful in defeating the French in the Seven Years' War under the leadership of:
although named for an Ottawa warrior, owed its origins as much to the teachings of a religious prophet.
What was the primary purpose of the Proclamation of 1763?
to bring stability to the colonial frontier
Which of the following was a consequence of the Seven Years' War?
strengthened pride among American colonists about being part of the British empire
Some contemporaries spoke of British America as a "rising empire" that would one day eclipse the mother country in population and wealth.