Chapter 15

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Thomas Robert Malthus claimed that

population increase would eventually bring chaos to the world.

The concept "zero population growth" refers to the level of reproduction that

maintains population at a steady level.

In most poor nations of the world today what is the average number of children born to a woman?

three

T or F: In 2011 eighty nations had a birth rate below the zero population growth point.

True

T or F:Global warming could cause the oceans to fall by two to three feet during this century.

False

T or F:The average life expectancy for U.S. children born today is about sixty years.

False

T or F: In many low-income nations parents value sons more than daughters which explains why the age-sex ratio in these nations may be higher than 100.

True

T or F: Sex ratios are usually greater than 100 because men typically outlive women.

False

In the preindustrial stage of technological development population

increases very slowly, with a high birth rate offset by a high death rate.

In low-income countries increasing opportunities available to women are likely to

All of these are correct.

In global perspective the crude birth rate of high income nations such as the United States is

below average.

The Industrial Revolution influenced urbanization in many ways including where cities were sited. If you were to look back in history you would find that almost every U.S. city was founded

on a waterway.

With the Industrial Revolution how did the physical design of cities change?

All of these are correct.

T or F: "Zero population growth" refers to cases in which no more people are born.

False

Which of the following statements expresses the "logic of growth"?

Technology and human ingenuity will continue to improve our lives.

T or F:An age-sex pyramid is useful because it helps predict the demographic future of a society.

True

T or F:Fecundity is a simple and useful way to measure population increase.

False

Which of the following concepts refers to the optimistic approach to environmental issues that claims science can promote progress and solve environmental problems?

the logic of growth

The concept "megalopolis" refers to which of the following?

a vast urban region containing many cities and suburbs

Malthus argued that

All of these are correct.

In terms of migration within the United States the region of the country most often left behind is

the heartland or Great Plains, from North Dakota down to Texas.

Which of the following statements expresses the "limits to growth" thesis?

We are rapidly consuming the Earth's finite resources.

T or F: In general low-income countries grow as much from immigration as from natural increase.

False

T or F:As societies gain technological power more population and affluence they have a greater and greater effect on the natural environment.

True

The demographic measure called the "sex ratio" refers to

the number of males for every 100 females in the population.

T or F:Demography is the study of the size and composition of a society's population.

True

T or F: At the present rate of loss almost all of the rain forests will be gone by the end of this century.

True

By 2012 the world is home to about how many people?

7 billion

Throughout most of human history families had many children because

All of these are correct.

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