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Chapter 5,16, 6,13,9,10

When Dave gave the toast at his best friend's wedding reception, he failed to notice the shocked looks as he told some off-color stories about the happy couple's dating life. What quality of decorum did Drew violate in this example?

The speech did not meet the expectations of the audience in this occasion.

The strength of a ceremonial speech depends primarily on the __________.

speaker's ability to use words and images to capture the occasion

In his famous Gettysburg Address, Abraham Lincoln urged his listeners to rededicate themselves to the cause of freedom so that the soldiers buried there would not have died in vain. This appeal reflects the strategy of _________.

invoking common values

Nominating speeches combine deliberative and ceremonial goals. Which of the following features reflects the CEREMONIAL element of the nominating speech?

Drawing the audience together in support of common values

Inaugural addresses generally seek to both unify a group and set an agenda for the future.

True

The average person uses deliberative speaking far more often in group discussions than in formal reports and presentations.

True

The analysis of listeners' perceptions and their selective exposure and attention is an analysis of __________.

audience psychology

The topics, hobbies, and experiences that are important to your audience make up their _____________.

personal interests

A captive audience is _____ than a voluntary audience

less motivated

Which of the following audiences is a voluntary audience?

Members of the Rotary Club at a luncheon

Controversial topics need to be addressed _________.

with respect for the audience and the rhetorical situation

A thesis statement is _______________.

a succinct single sentence that states the central purpose of the speech

When an audience analysis shows that your audience already agrees with you, it is best to change your topic because no no purpose is truly suitable

False

Michelle, an advocate for women's rights, used her persuasive speech to urge her classmates to participate in the campus "Take Back the Night" event. Her purpose was to _____________.

induce a specific action

Agenda setting speeches get listeners to think about speeches they had previously ignored

True

For many students, choosing a topic is the most difficult part of the speech-making process

True

Hillary's informative speech focused on clarifying the audience's understanding of feminism. What informative strategy did she need to rely upon most?

Defining

Talia presented a speech about how to give a pedicure, covering several steps in a specific order. Her informative strategy was _______.

demonstrating

"Forgetting curve" refers so ________________.

the rate at which information is forgotten over time

The same strategies that improve attention also encourage retention

True

The main ideas in an outline should be clearly related to each other; they should "hang together." This characteristic is called ___________.

coherence

A well organized speech leads to which of the following results?

Listeners are more likely to understand and be influenced by your message

What organizational pattern is reflected in the following main points?

I. Society has become increasingly dependent upon private automobiles for transportation.
II.More automobiles mean increased consumption of fossil fuels.

Cause-effect

Al wants to give an informative speech about global warming. He wants to describe how global warming occurs and what its consequences are. What organizational patter is best suited for this speech?

Cause-effect

Because the speaker must provide connections to help the audience bridge the gap between the elements of the speech, it is important to include _________ in the speech

transitions

Which element of the conclusion functions to alert the listeners that the conclusion is beginning?

Signaling the end

When Martin Luther King, Jr., opened his famous "I Have a Dream" speech by saying, "I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation," he was using what type of introduction?

Referring to the speech situation

When the speaker refers to a common experience in order ot create identification with the audience, which goal of a speech introduction is being served?

Creating a favorable response toward the speaker

The two basic components of organization are selection and arrangement.

True

When selecting main ideas, the speaker should try to include any ideas for which he or she has lots of good supporting material.

False

In MLK speech, "justice rolls down like waters, and righteousness like a mighty stream" is a

simile

In MLK speech, "Go back to Mississippi, go back to Alabama, go back to South Carolina, go back to Georgia, go back to Louisiana, go back to the slums and ghettos of our northern cities" is a

repetition

In MLK speech, " sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood" is a

antithesis

In MLK speech, " yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the "unalienable Rights" of "Life" is a

gender issue, no women

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