APUSH Midterm Review

42 terms by n3ciex0 

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Treaty Of Paris 1783

Treaty Between England and the Colonies , formally ended the American Revolutionary War

Thaddeus Stevens

A radical Republican who believed in harsh punishments for the South. Leader of the radical Republicans in Congress.

Quebec Act

Signed in 1774, intended to reorganize the way these British territories were governed

Credit Mobilier

a construction company that was owned by the Union Pacific Railroad, they used to fraudulently skim off raiload profits for themsleves (1864)

Gag Rule

1835 law passed by Southern congress which made it illegal to talk of abolition or anti-slavery arguments in Congress

Hartford Covention

in the United States during the War of 1812 in which New England's opposition to the war reached the point where secession from the United States was discussed.

Dawes Act

Law that attempted to assimilate Indians by giving them individual plots of land.

Johnathan Edwards

Helped start great awakening and wrote sinners in the hands of an angry god

George Whitefield

Preacher who traveled throughout the colonies: He said the key test of election (salvation) is an emotional conversion experience

Pontiac's Rebellion

a 1763 conflict between Native Americans and the British over settlement of Indian lands in the Great Lakes area

Proclomation of 1763

law created by British officials that prohibited colonists from settling in areas west of the Appalachian Mountains

Olive Branch Petition

An offer of peace sent by the Second Continental Congress to King George lll

Alexander Hamilton

Delegate to the Constitutional Convention and leader of the Federalists; first secretary of the treasury.

Excise Tax

tax on domestically produced goods such as Whiskey

Whiskey Rebellion

a protest caused by tax on liquor; it tested the will of the government, Washington's quick response showed the government's strength and mercy

Jay's Treaty

aggrement to stop british attacks on american merchant ships and settle other differences between the 2 nationA

XYZ affair

France and England start to seize American ships; starts an "unofficial war" btwn America and France; Causes the creation of 33 ships for a navy and ends long treaty with France

Sedition Act

made it a crime to write, print, utter, or publish criticism of the president of government

Naturalization Act

Act that increased the time to become a US citizen from 5 to 14 years

John Marshall

created the precedent of judicial review; ruled on many early decisions that gave the federal government more power, especially the supreme court

Battle of Tippecanoe

1811 Tecumseh and the Prophet attack, but General Harrison crushes them in this battle ends Tecumseh's attempt to unite all tribes in Mississippi.

Rush Bagot Treaty

The US and British agreed to set limits on the number of naval vessels each could have on the Great Lakes.

Samuel Slater

He memorized the way that the British made machines and he brought the idea to America. He made our first cotton spinning machine.

American System

program proposed by Henry Clay and others to foster national economic growth and interdependence among the geographical sections. It included a protective tariff, a national bank, and internal improvements.

Monroe Doctrine

an American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers

Election of 1824

"corrupt bargain" and backroom deal for JQ Adams to win over Jackson

Worcester V. Georgia

Supreme Court Decision - Cherokee Indians were entitled to federal protection from the actions of state governments which would infringe on the tribe's sovereignty - Jackson ignored it

Brook Farm

a transcendentalist commune; an attempt by Thoreau and others to leave society behind

James Polk

a Democrat expansionist who ran against Henry Clay in 1844: "54 40 or fight", Mexican-American War

General Santa Anna

He seized control of mexico and harshly ruled the American colonists in Texas

Wilmot Proviso

Bill that would ban slavery in the territories acquired after the War with Mexico

Know Nothing Party

Group of prejudice people who formed a political party during the time when the KKK grew. Anti-Catholics and anti-foreign. They were also known as the American Party.

Anaconda Plan

the Union (Northern) plan devised by General Winfield Scott to blockade the south and restrict its trade to win the war.

Trent Affair

The incident in which a Union warship stopped a British steamer and removed two Confederate diplomats

Copperheads

Northern Democrats who opposed the Civil War and sympathized with the South

Iron Clads

Battleships covered with thick iron plates

Tenure of Office Act

Makes it illegal for president to replace officers who have been confirmed by Congress without Congressional approval

General Lee

Head of the Confederate (South) Army

General Grant

a Union (North) general in the American Civil War

14th ammendment

Rights of CItizens- granted citizenship to all people born in the US.

13th ammendment

officially abolished slavery, prohibits involuntary servitude.

15th ammendment

Guarantee voting rights

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