UA & Micro

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anuria

absence of urine production; complete failure of kidney function

nocturia

excessive urination at night

oliguria

decreased urine production

polyuria

excessive production of urine

hematuria

the presence of RBC's in urine

ketones

a group of chemical substances produced during increased metabolism of fat.

ketonuria

presence of ketones in the urine

melanin

a dark substance of skin, hair and certain tumors

myoglobin

a pigmented protein found in muscle tissue

opalescant

having a milky irridescence

refractometer

an instrument measuring light refraction as it passes through a liquid-specific gravity.

specific gravity

the ratio of the weight of a given volume of solution to the weight of the same volume of distilled water. A measure of density,

turbid

having a cloudy appearance

urinometer

a float with a calibrated stem for measuring specific gravity

urochrome

the yellow pigment that gives color to urine

bilirubin

derived from hemoglobin in RBC's that have completed their life span and are normally ingested by the liver, spleen and bone marrow. Formed in the liver.

urobilinogen

a derivative of bilirubin formed by the action of intestinal bacteria

albuminuria

the prescence of the serum protein albumin in the urine

bacteriuria

prescence of bacteria in the urine

calciuria

prescence of calcium in the urine

creatinuria

an increase concentration of creatine in the urine

glycosuria

prescence of glucose in the urine

proteinuria

an excess of serum protein in the urine

pyuria

the prescence of pus in the urine

urinalysis

the physical chemical and microscopic examination of urine and its components

dysuria

painful or diffucult urination

urinary frequency

voiding more than 10 times in 24 hours

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