Byzantine emperor in the 11th Century who used the empire's wealth to bribe many Bulgarian nobles and generals. He then defeated the Bulgarian army and Bulgaria became part of the Empire
A brilliant general of Justinian and one of his most important military commanders during the reconquest of Western Europe
Cyril and Methodius
Missionaries sent by the Byzantine government to where is now the Czech and Slovak Republics and then into the Balkans and southern Russia. The two devised a written script for the Slavic language called Cyrillic
Emperor of Rome from 312-337 and was known for trying to use religious force of Christianity to unify the empire spiritually, and also for the second capital he established named Constantinople.
Emperor of Byzantine Empire from 527-565. In 533 Justinian attempted to reconquer western territory in a last futile effort to restore an empire like that of Rome
Justinian's very powerful wife and is widely known as the most powerful woman in the history of the Byzantine Empire
Prince Vladimir I
Ruler of Russian Kingdom of Kiev from 890 to 1015. Known for converting the kingdom to Christianity.
Native of Denmark and became the first prince of what came to be called Kievan Rus' about 855. HE is known as the founder of the first kingdom of Russia based in Kiev.
Last of the great Kievan monarchs. He issued legal codification based on formal codes developed in Byzantium.
Name of the church that Justinian built in Constantinople. One of the great wonders of the Christian World.
Weapon used by the Byzantine Empire to protect against attempted sieges by Arabs. Mixture of petroleum, quicklime, and sulfur.
Paintings of Saints and other religious figures.Seen in Byzantine culture as developed from Roman society. Icons were richly decorated and showed the marriage with Christianity.
Russian form of Christianity that came from the Byzantine Empire and combined with the local religion. One thing characteristic of this church was that the king controlled major appointments.
Russian aristocrats who possessed less political power than did their counterparts in western Europe.
Mongols who captured Russian cities and largely destroyed the Keivan state in 1236. they did however leave Russian Orthodoxy and aristocracy intact
Slavic kingdom that was established in northern portions of the Balkan peninsula. Bulgaria provided constant pressure on Byzantine Empire.