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What best describes marriage and sexual relations in ancient Rome?
A) They involved couples coming together through passionate love.
B) They were seen as a means to improve one's economic and social standing.
C) They emphasized male dominance and a lack of respect for women.
D) They had many restrictions handed down from the rulers and leaders

B) They were seen as a means to improve one's economic and social standing.

Which of the following best describes harms within traditional Islamic communities?
A) Places with orgies between groups of men and women
B) Places where women learned to become self sufficient
C) Places restricted to lower class women
D) Places for males to obtain the services of prostitutes

B) Places where women learned to become self sufficient

By the late Middle Ages, women were:
A) Elevated to a place of purity and considered almost perfect.
B) Considered to be more like Eve than Mary.
C) Thought to be temptresses.
D) Sent to convents to be cured of their natural tendencies to seduce men.

A) Elevated to a place of purity and considered almost perfect.

The purpose of anti-miscegenation laws was to make _______ illegal.
A) Contraception
B) Interracial sex
C) Abortion
D) Pre-marital sex

B) Interracial sex

In early Puritan culture young couples were allowed to share a bed as long as they were clothed and wrapped in sheets. What was this practice called?
A) Bundling
B) Boarding
C) Swaddling
D) Courting

A) Bundling

What best describes how semen was viewed in early Chinese civilization?
A) evil and cursed
B) sacred and precious
C) unlimited
D) passive or inferior to yin

B) sacred and precious

According to the Christian Bible, what best describes Jesus' view on sexuality?
A) He taught that men should be held to the same standards of adultery, divorce and remarriage as women.
B) He advised that women who were caught in adultery should be stoned.
C) He generally condemned sexuality.
D) He established the Christian view of sexuality that dominated Western thought for the next 2000 years.

A) He taught that men should be held to the same standards of adultery, divorce and remarriage as women.

Ashley feels very conflicted about her sexuality. She enjoys sex with her partner, Matthew, but at the same time feels very guilty about having sex before marriage. What is Ashley experiencing?
A) Cognitive dissonance
B) Sexual identity confusion
C) The Electra complex
D) Moral development

A) Cognitive dissonance

What is TRUE about the relationship between white settlers and minority groups in the U.S.?
A) White settlers admired the Mexican people's ability to show affection in public.
B) There was a higher rate of prostitution and venereal diseases among slaves than whites.
C) Native Americans were criticized for their attitudes toward premarital sex and practice of polygamy.
D) Whites and minorities were seen as having similar sexual needs, desires, and values.

C) Native Americans were criticized for their attitudes toward premarital sex and practice of polygamy.

During the Victorian era, women consulted their doctors to learn how to sexually please their husbands.
A) True
B) False

B) False

In 1973, the American Psychiatric Association removed homosexuality from its list of psychiatric disorders.
A) True
B) False

A) True

Among the social movements that arose in the 19th century, the Free Love Movement advocated marriage as a prerequisite to sexual relationships.
A) True
B) False

B) False

The Comstock Act of 1873:
A) Allowed people access to contraception if they were married.
B) Outlawed the mailing of articles on contraception.
C) Outlawed prostitution.
D) Made homosexual relations among consenting adults legal.

B) Outlawed the mailing of articles on contraception.

Which of the following is true regarding the Kama Sutra?
A) It gives instructions on many sexual positions.
B) It categorizes people based on the size of their genitals.
C) It gives guidance on how to make a good home and family.
D) All of these

D) All of these

What is a quadruped?
A) A person with four or more sex partners
B) Any animal that walks on four legs
C) Someone who practices bestiality
D) A type of monkey that has face-to-face intercourse

B) Any animal that walks on four legs

Which of the following is most attributed to the liberation of female sexuality?
A) The development of antibiotics for STIs.
B) The development of nonfiction sex manuals.
C) The development of the contraceptive pill.
D) The invention of the television.

C) The development of the contraceptive pill.

What best describes the view of women during the Victorian Era?
A) Virtuous, refined, delicate, and fragile
B) Sexually free
C) Likely to lead men into immorality
D) The property of their husbands

A) Virtuous, refined, delicate, and fragile

When humans began to walk upright, how did sexuality change?
A) The sense of smell became more important.
B) The sight of the genitals became less important.
C) The sensual aspect of intercourse became more important.
D) Breast contact became less important.

C) The sensual aspect of intercourse became more important.

Sexuality is considered a uniquely human trait.
A) True
B) False

A) True

How did the feminist movement contribute to the development of women's sexuality?
A) It advocated for sexual satisfaction among women.
B) It helped to outlaw abortion with Roe vs. Wade in the 1970s.
C) It emphasized that all women should be wives and mothers.
D) It encouraged women to value their virginity.

A) It advocated for sexual satisfaction among women.

Which ancient civilization emphasized the natural blending of masculine and feminine principles as part of the procreative process?
A) Indian
B) Roman
C) Greek
D) Chinese

D) Chinese

According to Thomas Aquinas, using sex in unnatural ways was immoral. What did he consider the worst of all sexual sins?
A) Homosexuality
B) Masturbation
C) Adultery
D) All sexual sins were considered equally wrong.

A) Homosexuality

How did the arrival of the medical model of sexuality at the end of the 19th century impact views of sexuality in the United States?
A) Physicians advocated for self-restraint and abstention from masturbation.
B) Physicians encouraged divorce for unhappy marriages.
C) Physicians urged men and women to masturbate to relieve sexual tensions.
D) Physicians viewed sexual passion as normal and healthy, especially for women.

A) Physicians advocated for self-restraint and abstention from masturbation.

The Kama Sutra contains guidance to couples about the dangers of having passion within sexual relations.
A) True
B) False

B) False

What was a main contribution of the Greek culture in Western history?
A) The first civilization to have accounts of erotic writings, art, and carvings
B) The first civilization to allow women more freedom of sexual expression
C) One of the few major civilizations to approve of sexual relations with family members
D) One of the few major civilizations to successfully institute homosexuality

D) One of the few major civilizations to successfully institute homosexuality

A researcher who wants to study sexual behavior of adults in the U.S. uses a college-level human sexuality class to get participants. What sample method is the researcher using?
A) 100% sampling
B) Random sampling
C) Sample of convenience
D) Sample of variance

C) Sample of convenience

What statement best fits with feminist theory?
A) The social construction of sexuality is based on power.
B) Women are no longer seen as subordinate and submissive in our culture.
C) Sexuality is governed by biological gender differences more than other factors.
D) The social construction of sexuality is based on the media.

A) The social construction of sexuality is based on power.

"Women have sexual appetites equal to men and they do not necessarily need men to satisfy those appetites." Which researcher would agree most strongly with this statement?
A) Magnus Hirschfield
B) Katherine Bement Davis
C) Sigmund Freud
D) Clelia Mosher

B) Katherine Bement Davis

According to your text, who is considered the most influential sex researcher of the 20th century?
A) Havelock Ellis
B) Clelia Mosher
C) Alfred Kinsey
D) Virginia Johnson

C) Joshua, who is sexually experienced and more liberal

What statement best fits with queer theory?
A) It is important for research to uncover the cause of homosexuality.
B) Sexuality education should focus on teaching gender differences.
C) Sexual orientation categories lead to limited views of sexuality.
D) Research findings should be separated based on sexual orientation.

C) Sexual orientation categories lead to limited views of sexuality.

Which theory emphasizes the structure of the personality on the unconscious nature of sexuality?
A) Psychoanalytic
B) Behavioral
C) Social Learning
D) Queer

A) Psychoanalytic

A researcher doing in-depth interviews often asks the same questions in different ways during the interview to assure accurate and honest responses. How does this impact the results?
A) It reduced volunteer bias.
B) It reduces interviewer bias.
C) It increases validity.
D) It increases reliability.

D) It increases reliability.

According to evolutionary theory, we enter a sexual relationship to:
A) Fulfill societal expectations to marry and start a family.
B) Exert power over another person.
C) Receive physical gratification.
D) Pass on our genes.

D) Pass on our genes.

What is a major limitation of the case study method of research?
A) The results cannot be generalized to a larger group of people.
B) It is impossible to get informed consent from the subjects.
C) Researchers cannot guarantee anonymity.
D) They are the most costly of all research methods.

A) The results cannot be generalized to a larger group of people.

Sigmund Freud believed that our basic personality is formed by events that happen to us in the first six years of life.
A) True
B) False

A) True

In his studies from the 1950s, Kinsey found that the majority of heterosexual couples only had sex in the missionary style.
A) True
B) False

A) True

Researchers using methods of direct observation find that getting participants for their studies is fairly easy among college student populations.
A) True
B) False

B) False

Which researcher sought a medical degree primarily to study sexuality and reported that homosexuality and masturbation were not abnormal?
A) Alfred Kinsey
B) Katherine Bement Davis
C) Albert Moll
D) Havelock Ellis

D) Havelock Ellis

Which of the following best fits the findings of cross-cultural studies?
A) Those with a written language have the lowest rates of masturbation.
B) Sexual intercourse is most common when couples wake up in the morning.
C) Women usually initiate foreplay in heterosexual relationships.
D) Female orgasmic ability differs significantly from culture to culture.

D) Female orgasmic ability differs significantly from culture to culture.

The influence of law and religion and the impact of economic conditions on sexual behaviors are stressed most by which theory?
A) Sociological
B) Behavioral
C) Humanistic
D) Queer

A) Sociological

If Freud is correct, sexual urges are LEAST important while a child is in which stage?
A) Oral
B) Anal
C) Phallic
D) Latency

D) Latency

Freud is to case study as Masters and Johnson are to:
A) Questionnaire
B) Interview
C) Experiment
D) Observation

D) Observation

What best describes findings from the 2010 National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior?
A) Rates of vaginal intercourse among young teens have increased dramatically.
B) Partnered sex is more common than masturbation during old age.
C) Few men reported that their partner had orgasm during their most recent sexual interaction.
D) A high percentage of sexually active male teenagers reported using condoms the last time they engaged in sexual behavior.

D) A high percentage of sexually active male teenagers reported using condoms the last time they engaged in sexual behavior.

Why was Morton Hunt's research results not considered generalizable?
A) His study included only adolescents.
B) His study included only heterosexual males.
C) He only included students enrolled in his courses.
D) He only included people with listed phone numbers.

D) He only included people with listed phone numbers.

Which researcher founded the Institute for Sexology and believing that homosexuality was genetic, argued for the repeal of laws against homosexuality and bisexuality?
A) Magnus Hirschfeld
B) Richard von Krafft-Ebing
C) Havelock Ellis
D) William Masters

A) Magnus Hirschfeld

If someone filled out an in-school questionnaire when they were in 8th grade and have been interviewed four more times throughout adulthood, what is the name of the study they most likely participated in?
A) The Youth Risk Behavior Survey
B) The National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior
C) The National Survey of Family Growth
D) The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health

D) The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health

Which of the following best describes a goal of future sexuality research?
A) Improved collaboration between researchers of various disciplines
B) Less involvement from the federal government
C) More focus on the physiological and biological aspects of sexuality
D) Less reliance on studies conducted from university counseling programs

A) Improved collaboration between researchers of various disciplines

What best describes the most recent U.S. approach to sex research?
A) Problem driven and underfunded
B) Theory driven and underfunded
C) Theory driven and adequately funded
D) Problem driven and adequately funded

A) Problem driven and underfunded

Who conducted most sexuality research in the late 19th century?
A) Biologists
B) Sociologists
C) Physicians
D) Psychoanalysts

C) Physicians

Someone with Turner syndrome would look like a genetic female at birth.
A) True
B) False

A) True

What does the term "gender-neutral housing" refer to on college campuses?
A) Allowing transgendered students to have equal access for housing options
B) Allowing male floors and female floors within the same residence hall
C) Allowing male and female students to share rooms in a residence hall
D) Allowing homosexual and bisexual students to have special room requests

C) Allowing male and female students to share rooms in a residence hall

According to communication experts, hedge words decreases the speaker's perceived assertiveness of speech.
A) True
B) False

A) True

The use of tag questions seems to be a universal feature of men's and women's communication patterns.
A) True
B) False

B) False

Cognitive development theory suggests that gender attitudes change predictably as children get older because:
A) Children pass through stages of development related to their ability to process information.
B) Changes in attitude over time are based on hereditary and hormonal influences.
C) They are exposed to consistent gender role models.
D) Their gender schemas are culturally determined.

A) Children pass through stages of development related to their ability to process information.

In one research study that asked men and women to report how they express their consent to engage in sex with a partner, what did most report?
A) Most said verbal things such as "Let's do it," "I want you bad," or "Let's have sex."
B) Most used non-verbal gestures such as pulling closer to the other person, changing body positioning, or reciprocating touch.
C) Men reported more verbal exchanges and women reported more nonverbal exchanges.
D) Most said nothing at all.

D) Most said nothing at all.

What does the author of your textbook suggest is responsible for the level of body dissatisfaction in the United States?
A) Education
B) Gender roles
C) Advertising
D) Family expectations

C) Advertising

In the 1500s, King Henry VIII of England divorced Catherine of Aragon because she gave birth to a daughter not a son. Henry VIII's reasoning was:
A) Inaccurate: Embryonic hormones differentiate in the 8th week to determine sex.
B) Inaccurate because sperm cells carry both the Y and the X chromosome.
C) Accurate: Egg cells carry the Y chromosome.
D) Accurate: Once a woman has a daughter, subsequent offspring are more likely to be female.

B) Inaccurate because sperm cells carry both the Y and the X chromosome.

Latoya says, "I might be wrong, but I think it is going to rain today." What is this an example of?
A) A tag question
B) A disclaimer
C) A hedge statement
D) A question statement

B) A disclaimer

What term is used to describe a transgender individual who is experiencing confusion or discomfort about their biological sex and gender identity?
A) Genderqueer
B) Gender dysphoria
C) Gender fluidity
D) Gender binary

B) Gender dysphoria

Critics of Tannen's work regarding gender and communication question her assumption that:
A) Gender is biologically based.
B) Gender is socially constructed.
C) There are no gender differences.
D) Sexual orientation is biologically based.

A) Gender is biologically based.

According to the Onion Theory of communication people have the tendency to reveal information about themselves from the inside out.
A) True
B) False

B) False

According to the Onion Theory of communication, what best describes how we reveal ourselves to others?
A) We begin with our unpleasant qualities first to be upfront with the other person.
B) We share about ourselves from the inside out.
C) We share about ourselves beginning with the least personal.
D) We begin with our best qualities to paint the best picture possible.

C) We share about ourselves beginning with the least personal.

If you visually compared the sexual development of third-week female and male embryos, what would you notice?
A) Developing testes in the male and developing ovaries in the female
B) No development yet of testes in the male, but developing ovaries in the female
C) No development yet of ovaries in the female, but developing of testes in the male
D) No development yet of ovaries in the female or testes in the male

D) No development yet of ovaries in the female or testes in the male

Validating each other's opinions is a suggestion for fighting fairly.
A) True
B) False

A) True

Sandra Bem would define an androgynous individual as one who is:
A) Undifferentiated in gender characteristics
B) High in masculinity, low in femininity
C) Low in masculinity, high in femininity
D) High in masculinity, high in femininity

D) High in masculinity, high in femininity

When we have a message for someone and want to communicate that message, which of the three goals of communication are we focusing on?
A) Relational
B) Identity management
C) Getting the job done
D) Communication filtering

C) Getting the job done

Gender roles are fundamentally innate.
A) True
B) False

B) False

What is true of Turner's syndrome?
A) It affects only males.
B) It affects only females.
C) It affects both males and females equally.
D) It is a condition that makes it impossible to identify a child as male or female.

B) It affects only females.

What category/style of communication skills are referred to as more comforting and involve a significant amount of listening?
A) Affectively-oriented
B) Status-oriented
C) Instrumentally-oriented
D) Network-oriented

A) Affectively-oriented

What is the rarest disorder of sex development in which a child is born with both, fully formed ovaries and fully formed testes?
A) Hermaphroditism
B) Klinefelter's syndrome
C) Turner's syndrome
D) XYY syndrome

A) Hermaphroditism

According to your text, what is one crucial factor that nondefensive listening relies on?
A) Self-assertiveness
B) Self-efficacy
C) Self-disclosure
D) Self-restraint

D) Self-restraint

In the United States, personal health is valued over personal beauty.
A) True
B) False

B) False

Piaget is to cognitive theory as Bem is to:
A) Social learning theory
B) Evolutionary theory
C) Gender schema theory
D) Feminist theory

C) Gender schema theory

What statement best describes research findings related to gender and communication?
A) Overall gender differences in many areas of communication are small.
B) Gender differences explain a significant amount of the variation between men and women's communication styles.
C) Younger men and women show less gender differences than older generations did.
D) While the stereotype is that women talk more than men, research shows that men use many more words per day than women.

A) Overall gender differences in many areas of communication are small.

What are two functions of the ovaries?
A) To produce eggs and regulate sexual arousal
B) To produce eggs and secrete hormones
C) To produce estrogen and regulate menstruation
D) To produce estrogen and fertilize sperm

B) To produce eggs and secrete hormones

Which of the following is a function of the cervix?
A) Allow menstrual fluid out of the uterus
B) Allow sperm to enter the uterus
C) Allow babies to pass out of the uterus
D) All of these

D) All of these

While there are no overall ethnic differences in the prevalence of premenstrual symptoms (PMS), research has found ethnic differences related to the following:
A) The length of time symptoms are experienced
B) The age at which the individual began having PMS
C) The types of symptoms experienced
D) The treatments used for individuals experiencing PMS

C) The types of symptoms experienced

What are the four main areas of PMDD symptoms?
A) Behavioral, relational, cognitive, somatic
B) Cognitive, psychosomatic, relational, mood
C) Relational, physical, internal, behavioral
D) Mood, behavioral, somatic, cognitive

D) Mood, behavioral, somatic, cognitive

According to the textbook, when is it recommended for women to undergo their first gynecological exam with a Pap smear?
A) Beginning within 3 years after first sexual intercourse or at age 21
B) Beginning at the age of first sexual intercourse or at age 18
C) Beginning within 2 years of first sexual intercourse or at age 16
D) Beginning at age 18 for sexually active females and age 21 for others

A) Beginning within 3 years after first sexual intercourse or at age 21

The term amenorrhea refers to painful menstruation.

B) False

What factor is often related to the onset of puberty?
A) Age at first intercourse
B) Height
C) Weight
D) All of these

C) Weight

Which type of cancer of the female reproductive system is most likely to lead to death?
A) Cervical
B) Endometrial
C) Ovarian
D) Breast

C) Ovarian

What is TRUE about withdrawal bleeding which occurs when a woman taking birth control pills stops taking them for a week?
A) It is usually greater in volume than menstrual flow for a woman who has not taken birth control for several months.
B) It does not occur if the woman takes placebo pills during that week.
C) It indicates that the woman is likely pregnant.
D) It is biologically very different from normal menstrual fluid.

D) It is biologically very different from normal menstrual fluid.

Implantation of a fertilized egg usually occurs during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle.
A) True
B) False

A) True

Pap smears, taken during routine pelvic exams, test for ovarian cancer.
A) True
B) False

B) False

Current recommendations suggest routine pap smears beginning at the age of 17.
A) True
B) False

B) False

What best describes the process through which the vagina is lubricated during sexual arousal?
A) Sweating of the vaginal walls
B) Expansion of the cervix
C) Release of fluid by the Grafenberg spot
D) Release of mucus from the ovaries

A) Sweating of the vaginal walls

What is one factor that makes women more susceptible than men to urinary tract infections?
A) A shorter urethra
B) Location of the urethra and introitus
C) Earlier onset of puberty
D) Hormones produced during the menstrual cycle

A) A shorter urethra

What layer of the uterus contracts to expel menstrual fluid and push the fetus out of the womb during labor?
A) Perimetrium
B) Myometrium
C) Endometrium
D) Perineum

B) Myometrium

Which of the following statements regarding female breasts is FALSE?
A) Culture impacts the size of breasts that women prefer.
B) Breasts are modified sweat glands that produce milk.
C) Some women experience orgasm from breast stimulation alone.
D) The areola is the part of the breast that cannot be seen from the outside.

D) The areola is the part of the breast that cannot be seen from the outside.

Which woman is LEAST likely to develop breast cancer in the next year?
A) Deanna who is 60, White, has no family history of breast cancer and has never had a child
B) Sawyer who is 50, Hispanic, has no family history of breast cancer and had two miscarriages
C) Sheila who is 35, White, has no family history of breast cancer and bottle fed her 4 children
D) Jewel who is 35, Black, has a family history of breast cancer and breastfed her 2 children

D) Jewel who is 35, Black, has a family history of breast cancer and breastfed her 2 children

If a woman has pain and swelling in the labial and vaginal areas due to an infected cyst, we could infer that the infection most likely came from:
A) The cervix
B) The urethral opening
C) The hymen
D) The Bartholin's glands

D) The Bartholin's glands

What is the primary function of the fimbriae?
A) Direct the ova from the ovaries to the fallopian tubes.
B) Direct the release of hormones
C) Provide lubrication during sexual stimulation
D) Implant the fertilized egg into the uterus

A) Direct the ova from the ovaries to the fallopian tubes.

What is the area of tissue between the vagina and the anus called?
A) Vulva
B) Hymen
C) Perineum
D) Rectum

C) Perineum

How much fluid (including tissue and blood) is typically released during the menstrual cycle?
A) 1-3 teaspoons
B) 2-4 Tablespoons
C) A half-cup (100ml)
D) A cup (200ml)

B) 2-4 Tablespoons

What does the Instead Softcup do?
A) Lubricates the vagina of a woman experiencing menopause
B) Promotes menstrual suppression
C) Holds back menstrual fluid during sexual activity
D) Restores the look of breasts for women after a mastectomy

C) Holds back menstrual fluid during sexual activity

Sara is experiencing vaginal burning and rawness along with a sometimes stabbing pain in the vaginal area. Although her gynecologist has been unable to identify a specific cause, what is the most likely diagnosis?
A) Uterine fibroids
B) Toxic shock syndrome
C) Urinary tract infection
D) Vulvodynia

D) Vulvodynia

If a woman has a hymen that is not intact, what can we safely assume?
A) She is not a virgin.
B) She has used tampons.
C) She has engaged in vigorous exercise that has ruptured the hymen.
D) None of these

D) None of these

What is the age range in which menopause will typically occur?
A) 30-52
B) 35-64
C) 40-58
D) 50-67

C) 40-58

Erection is best described as a:
A) Spinal reflex
B) Muscular contraction
C) Cognitive process
D) Tactile response

A) Spinal reflex

A man is experiencing a bump in his scrotum. This happened while he was lifting heavy boxes. Which of the following conditions is he most likely to have?
A) Hydrocele
B) Prostate cancer
C) Inguinal hernia
D) Scrotal hernia

C) Inguinal hernia

Next to skin cancer, what is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in men?
A) Testicular
B) Prostate
C) Penile
D) Anal

B) Prostate

A 21-year old male has just been diagnosed with cancer of the reproductive organs. Given his age, which of these cancers is more likely?
A) Penile
B) Prostate
C) Testicular
D) Breast

C) Testicular

What factor is found to be highly correlated with a man's penis size?
A) Size of hands
B) Size of feet
C) Father's penis size
D) Height

C) Father's penis size

Which man is most likely to develop prostate cancer?
A) John, a 55-year old Black man
B) Dan, a 55-year old White man
C) Thao, a 40-year old Asian man
D) Deon, a 25-year old Black man

A) John, a 55-year old Black man

Sperm requires temperatures cooler than the body's temperature for viability.
A) True
B) False

A) True

The majority of women and men report that penis size is a significant factor in the quality of a sex partner.
A) True
B) False

B) False

In 2010, the U.S. Food and Drug Association approved the first vaccine for:
A) Prostate cancer
B) Testicular cancer
C) Gynecomastia
D) Priapism

A) Prostate cancer

A PSA test is used to detect prostate cancer.
A) True
B) False

A) True

What is the 18-inch tube that carries sperm away from the testicles and mixes it with other seminal fluids?
A) Epididymis
B) Vas deferens
C) Ejaculatory duct
D) Prostate

B) Vas deferens

All of the following statements are TRUE regarding testicular self-examinations EXCEPT?
A) They are the only early detection system for testicular cancer.
B) The majority of U.S. men surveyed reported doing monthly self-exams.
C) Most lumps that are found during self-exams are benign.
D) Doing the exam in a warm shower helps because the scrotum is relaxed and the testicles hang lower.

B) The majority of U.S. men surveyed reported doing monthly self-exams.

Which of the following area(s) has been studied related to sperm production?
A) Cell phone use
B) Alcohol use
C) Bicycling
D) All of these

D) All of these

What describes the process of erection?
A) Rapid muscle contractions of the penile root
B) Blood engorgement of the testicles which push the penis up
C) Erectile tissues filling with blood
D) Temporary hardening of the penile cartilage

C) Erectile tissues filling with blood

Which statement regarding male circumcision is TRUE?
A) Health care providers recommend routine circumcision for male babies born in the United States.
B) Circumcision has been related to higher rates of cancer of the penis.
C) Circumcision is mainly practiced for religious and cultural reasons.
D) Some cultures prefer to leave the foreskin intact as it creates a more masculine look.

C) Circumcision is mainly practiced for religious and cultural reasons.

According to World Health Organization statistics, the majority of males are circumcised.
A) True
B) False

B) False

What is found to detect more than 50% of cases of prostate cancer in its early stages?
A) Rectal exam
B) Prostate self-exam
C) Ultrasound
D) Hormone testing

A) Rectal exam

According to an evolutionary scientist, what characteristic of the penis would serve an important function related to sperm competition (when the sperm of two or more men is present in the female reproductive tract)?
A) The force of ejaculation
B) Sperm count
C) Coronal ridge
D) Penis size

C) Coronal ridge

Ty was injured at football practice and experienced acute scrotal pain, swelling, abdominal pain, and vomiting. In order to provide the best treatment, his condition needed to be diagnosed very quickly. What was the most likely diagnosis?
A) Priapism
B) Testicular torsion
C) Cryptorchidism
D) Peyronie's disease

B) Testicular torsion

Approximately how long does it take for a sperm to develop?
A) 24 hours
B) 1 week
C) 30 days
D) 72 days

D) 72 days

Annual prostate exams are recommended for men beginning at 60 years of age.
A) True
B) False

B) False

According to recent research with college populations what was found related to sperm production?
A) Sperm production was highest for college males who had several sexual partners.
B) Sperm production was lower during exam periods than at the beginning of the semester.
C) Sperm production was higher in students attending college in warmer parts of the U.S. (i.e. Florida, Texas) than those attending college in places with cooler climates (i.e. Minnesota, New York).
D) Sperm production was highest for college males who masturbated daily.

B) Sperm production was lower during exam periods than at the beginning of the semester.

What term refers to the decrease of blood testosterone concentrations as a male ages?
A) Gynecomastia
B) Priapism
C) Andropause
D) Cryptorchidism

C) Andropause

Jay often wakes up with an erection and sometimes experiences erections throughout the night. What is the most likely reason for this?
A) Jay looks at porn before falling asleep which causes erotic dreams.
B) Jay's REM cycles occur throughout the night and right before he wakes up.
C) Jay drinks too much fluid before going to bed which causes the need to urinate and pressure in his penis.
D) Jay does not masturbate frequently enough to release built up amounts of semen.

B) Jay's REM cycles occur throughout the night and right before he wakes up.

Devon, whose mother smoked during pregnancy, was born prematurely and had to have surgery for undescended testes when he was 9 months old. What condition is Devon most likely diagnosed with?
A) Priapism
B) Testicular torsion
C) Cryptorchidism
D) Peyronie's disease

C) Cryptorchidism

When a person is in love, his or her body releases the drug phenylethylamine which is also found in which of the following?
A) Alcohol
B) Chocolate
C) Heroine
D) Breast milk

B) Chocolate

More men than women report "hooking up" behavior on college campuses.
A) True
B) False

B) False

Self-love is another name used for narcissism.
A) True
B) False

B) False

What is one of the most reliable predictors of whom a person will date?
A) Physical attraction
B) Education background
C) Acceptance of peers
D) Proximity

Proximity

Research has found that age and relationship length are both positively related to intimacy and commitment.
A) True
B) False

A) True

What was one example given in the text for how a couple's score on Rubin's love scale correlates with their behavior?
A) Probability they will get married
B) Probability they will cheat on each other
C) How many sexual partners they have had
D) How many years they have been together

A) Probability they will get married

What is the term used to describe love that will never be returned?
A) Platonic
B) Companionate
C) Agape
D) Unrequited

D) Unrequited

According to behavioral reinforcement theory, a person may dislike someone based on the experience of an unrelated negative association in his or her presence.
A) True
B) False

A) True

What have love researchers determined about the role of one's mother and father in the development of healthy, intimate relationships?
A) Those who do not experience intimacy growing up will not experience it as adults.
B) Childhood intimacy is not related to adult intimacy.
C) People who did not experience intimacy growing up can experience it as adults.
D) None of these

C) People who did not experience intimacy growing up can experience it as adults.

Which style of attachment is most likely used to describe babies who have caregivers who are uncomfortable with affection and force separation at an early age?
A) Secure
B) Ambivalent
C) Avoidant
D) Inflexible

C) Avoidant

What method did psychologist, John Alan Lee, use to identify the six different ways to love which he called "colors" of love?
A) He asked college students to identify feelings associated with their most recent romantic relationship.
B) He interviewed couples who had been married for 20 years or longer.
C) Using lists of feelings words, he asked individuals between the ages of 10 and 95 to identify the words they most associated with feeling loved.
D) He collected statements about love from works of fiction and nonfiction including both ancient and modern authors.

D) He collected statements about love from works of fiction and nonfiction including both ancient and modern authors.

What are the three components of attachment measure by Rubin's "Love Scale"?
A) Passion, intimacy, commitment
B) Affection, loyalty, openness
C) Secure, insecure, avoidant
D) Needing, caring, trusting

B) Trusting

People use their body language to reveal their level of attraction when meeting someone for the first time.
A) True
B) False

A) True

Research has found a strong correlation between intimacy and the ability to do what?
A) Compromise
B) Show affection
C) Self-disclose
D) Be assertive

C) Self-disclose

According to attachment researchers, what style of attachment in infancy leads adults to have a difficult time trusting their partners?
A) Anxious/ambivalent
B) Secure
C) Avoidant
D) Irritable/insecure

A) Anxious/ambivalent

Which of the following aspects of love does a person's culture impact?
A) How easily he or she falls in love
B) Who he or she falls in love with
C) How the relationship proceeds
D) All of these

D) All of these

Which statement is descriptive of the matching hypothesis?
A) As couples are together longer, their behaviors tend to become very similar.
B) People are drawn to others with traits and levels of attractiveness similar to themselves.
C) Heterosexual people tend to find a partner who is similar to their opposite sex parent.
D) People are more likely to choose partners with opposite characteristics to themselves.

B) People are drawn to others with traits and levels of attractiveness similar to themselves.

The finding that gay men are more likely than heterosexual men to believe that "you should share your most intimate thoughts and feelings with the person you love" can possibly be explained by which statement?
A) Gay men tend to adopt more feminine gender roles.
B) Gay men tend to adopt fewer stereotyped beliefs about gender roles.
C) Gay men produce lower levels of testosterone.
D) Gay men tend to have greater ability to self-regulate emotionally.

B) Gay men tend to adopt fewer stereotyped beliefs about gender roles.

In which of the following countries is it most likely for a person to think first of how a mate would be received by family and friends over one's own sense of romance?
A) Mexico
B) China
C) United States
D) France

B) China

Sixteen-month old Latesha doesn't mind if her father leaves the room because she knows he will respond is she needs him. What style of attachment is Latesha most likely to have?
A) Avoidant
B) Loyal
C) Secure
D) Companionate

C) Secure

What did Robert Sternberg's research propose?
A) Love is made up of three different elements combined in different ways.
B) Each person has a style of love that remains consistent over time.
C) Most people will choose relationships with those who have similar love styles.
D) Love that begins as romantic love is not likely to be long lasting.

A) Love is made up of three different elements combined in different ways.

"I would do almost anything for her" is an example from which part of Rubin's Love Scale?
A) Trusting
B) Caring
C) Loyalty
D) Commitment

B) Caring

During which era did the idea that romantic love is the most desirable form of love become popular?
A) Ancient Egyptians
B) Middle Ages
C) 19th century
D) Current generation

C) 19th century

What is the term used to describe the set of behaviors developed in adolescence that we use to forge close relationships throughout our lives?
A) Intimacy repertoire
B) Attachment style
C) Relationship roles
D) Love styles

A) Intimacy repertoire

Ethnic differences do not account for much variance in sexual attitudes, sexual behaviors, or frequency of behaviors among teens.
A) True
B) False

B) False

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