Chapter 13 quiz cards

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final

The Republican Party founded in the 1850s strongly endorsed the same policy about slavery in the territories that ____________ had begun advocating in 1846.

David Wilmot

The Free Soil Party:

demonstrated that antislavery sentiment had spread far beyond abolitionist ranks.

The Lecompton Constitution was the:

proslavery constitution proposed for Kansas.

The American Civil War began in April 1861, when:

Confederate forces fired upon and captured Fort Sumter.

The California gold rush:

resulted in laws that discriminated against "foreign miners."

What attracted voters to the Know-Nothing Party?

its denunciation of Roman Catholic immigrants

In 1854, the Know-Nothings won all the congressional races as well as the governorship in:

Massachusetts.

The Democratic Party split in 1860 over the question of whether to:

protect slavery in the territories or allow popular sovereignty in them.

American settlement in Texas in the 1820s and 1830s:

led Stephen Austin to demand more autonomy from Mexican officials.

In the presidential election of 1860, the two candidates who received the most votes in the southern states were:

John Breckinridge and John Bell.

"Fifty-four forty or fight" referred to demands for American control of:

Oregon.

During the 1850s, 80 percent of the world's gold came from two places that experienced gold rushes at about the same time, California and:

Australia.

During the secession winter of 1860-1861, who offered the most widely supported compromise plan in Congress, which allowed the westward extension of the Missouri Compromise line?

John Crittenden

The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850:

gave new powers to federal officers to override local law enforcement.

True or false, The Whig Party collapsed, and many disgruntled northerners joined the new Republican Party.

True

Who questioned President Polk's right to declare war by introducing a resolution to Congress requesting the president to specify the precise spot where blood had first been shed?

Abraham Lincoln

Why did slavery become more central to American politics in the 1840s?

Territorial expansion raised the question of whether new lands should be free or slave.

During the secession winter of 1860-1861, who offered the most widely supported compromise plan in Congress, which allowed the westward extension of the Missouri Compromise line?

John Crittenden

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo of 1848 provided for all of the following EXCEPT:

U.S. control of all of the Oregon Country.

The Dred Scott decision of the U.S. Supreme Court:

declared Congress could not ban slavery from territories.

The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850:

gave new powers to federal officers to override local law enforcement.

James Polk had four clearly defined goals when he entered the White House. Which was NOT one of his goals?

settle the slavery dispute

What American naval officer negotiated a treaty that opened two Japanese ports to U.S. ships in 1854?

Matthew Perry

The Lecompton Constitution was the:

proslavery constitution proposed for Kansas.

True or false U.S. control of all of the Oregon Country.

False

The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850:

gave new powers to federal officers to override local law enforcement.

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