Computing Fundamentals

30 terms by Corin100 

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This set is a study guide for the computing fundamentals test of the IC3 certification.

Input

The data that is entered into a computer.

Processing

The manipulation of data by a microprocessor or embedded processor according to instructions given to it by a program or embedded in the chip itself.

Storage

In computing, any device in which (or on which) information is stored.

Output

The computer generated information that the computer has calculated.

Hardware

The physical parts of the computer system that you can touch and feel such as the keyboard, monitor, and computer case.

Software

Any application on a computer like a game or microsoft office.

Microprocessor

The most important part of the computer that PROCESSES data.

Binary Code

Numbering system of 1s and 0s that a computer uses to make decisions.

RAM

The TEMPORARY memory of a computer that is deleted when shut down.

ROM

Stored permanent systems instructions, which are never changed; it holds its contents even when the power is turned off.

Hard Drive

The main device that a computer uses to store information.

Optical Drive

Used to store media data. Common formats include, CD RW, DVD, HD-DVD and Blu-ray.

Media

The physical material (whether it be paper, hard disk, CD-ROM, DVD, or anything similar) used for storing computer-based information.

Download

To transmit files from one computer INTO your computer.

Upload

To transmit files OUT of your computer to another computer or storage device.

Keyboard

Primary tool for inputting data; include alphabetic keys, numeric keys, direction keys, and special function keys.

Device driver

A program that allows your computer to use different devices like a printer or a wireless mouse.

Bus

Internal device that connects hardware to the motherboard.

Desktop

The screen background for Windows where windows, icons, and dialog boxes appear.

Flash drive

Portable storage device that usually appears as a long stick with a USB connector; also known as a memory key, flash card, or thumb drive.

MP3

A portable music or media device that stores music files.

Multitasking

The ability of the computer to perform more than one task at a time.

Operating system

A software that manages computer hardware resources and provides common services for computer programs.

PDF

Portable Document Format; a print output commonly used to share documents with others, generally to view, save, or print.

Quick Launch Toolbar

A toolbar at the immediate right of the Start Button that displays a list of commonly used programs.

Recycle Bin

A temporary storage area for deleted files.

Taskbar

The area at the bottom of the screen that runs horizontally and contains the Start menu and other frequently used programs, folders or files.

Start Button

Displays the Start menu. The single most commonly used feature in Windows.

Alt Tab

key sequence that allows a user to switch between open windows.

Ctrl Alt Del

To display the Task Manager or reboot

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