What are the bodies of water around the Arabian Peninsula?
Persian Gulf, the Arabian sea, and the Gulf of Aden
Why is the geography in the Arabian Peninsula important?
The geography in the Arabian Peninsula is important because it allows trade to pass through the peninsula
What are adaptations used in the deserts?
Inhabitants are nomads, use camels, and have loose clothes to overcompensate for their environment
What are adaptations used in oases?
Inhabitants are sedentary, grow crops, and use date palms for construction to overcompensate for their environment
What are adaptations used in the plains?
Inhabitants built irrigation systems, grow crops, and trade on the coastal plain to overcompensate for their environment
What are adaptations used in the mountains?
Inhabitants used terraces to farm, made irrigation systems, built mud houses, and fertilized their land to make fit for vegetation to overcompensate for their environment
How did Muhammad find out he was a prophet?
The angel Gabriel told him that he was the messenger of God
what is the significance of the Ka'ba?
It's a shrine where Muhammad and his Muslim followers destroyed idols in Makkah and rededicated the shrine to Allah
What are the contributions Muslims made to bookmaking and literature?
Promotion of illustrating books and introduced mysticism
What are contributions Muslims made to science and technology?
The study of zoology, astronomy, and certain irrigation systems
What are contributions Muslims made to geography and navigation?
Accurate maps, first encyclopedia on traveling, and theories on Earth's size
What are contributions Muslims made to math?
Algebra, the concept of zero, and the promotion of Arabic numbers
What are contributions Muslims made to medicine?
Pharmacology, painkillers, concept of surgery, and the promotion of hospitals
What are contributions Muslims made to education?
Theories on faith and immortal souls, and the promotion of centers of learning
Why did this worry the Christians?
Because the group threatened the Byzantine empire and the Holy Land (Jerusalem)
What was the first crusade?
Christians were let into Jerusalem's nearby city and surrounded Jerusalem, and killed Jews and Muslims inside
What was the second crusade?
Christians go on another crusade when Muslims capture one of their lands, Edessa. Muslims keep the Christians away, making the crusade a failure
What was the third crusade?
Muslims capture Jerusalem, causing the crusaders to go on another quest. The soldiers on both sides are too weak to fight, and Jerusalem agrees on a peace treaty to let the crusaders inside
What was the impact of the crusades for Europe?
Population drop, Economic damages, introduced to Arabian products
What is the Iberian Peninsula?
Peninsula in southwestern Europe that today is divided between Spain and Portugal
What is Inquisition?
A judicial body established by the Catholic church to combat heresy and other religious errors