Ch. 15 Psychological Disorders

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paraprofessionals should deliver the appropriate treatment.

An implication of the medical model of psychological disorders is that

All of these: genes.
childhood experiences.
gender.

According to the biopsychosocial model of psychological disorders, abnormal behavior can be influenced by

sociocultural

A professional who believes in the ________ approach to psychological disorders is most likely to consider a person's ethnicity when diagnosing a disorder.

Axes I and II

Which axes on the DSM-IV focus on the actual classification of psychological disorders?

non-Latino white male

Who is most likely to be diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?

GABA

A deficiency in which neurotransmitter is linked to generalized anxiety disorder?

panic disorder.

John has sudden attacks of intense fear in which his heart races, he feels faint, and he has trouble catching his breath. During these attacks, he worries that he is going to die. From this description, it sounds like John has

algophobia

Which of the following is the correct term for a fear of pain?

obsession.

Oscar feels that if he does not circle his car five times before he gets in it, he will have an accident. The feeling that he is going to have an accident represents a(n

touching the door knob

Evette believes that she must touch the door knob seven times before she opens the door so that her mother will not become deathly ill. What is her compulsion?

amygdala

The ________ may be smaller in individuals with OCD than in those who do not have the disorder.

post-traumatic stress disorder.

Jerome was about to get into his car when he heard gun shots and saw his neighbor come stumbling out her front door with blood all over her. Since then Jerome has had a very difficult time concentrating at work, has been experiencing flashbacks, and has had several aggressive outbursts at home. Jerome may be suffering from

cultural identity.

Mood disorders can include a disturbance in all of the following areas EXCEPT

major depressive disorder

Which disorder is associated with having too few serotonin and norepinephrine receptors?

depression.

The tendency to ruminate on negative experiences is most closely associated with

NOT: a major depressive disorder.

It has been over two years since the death of her husband, and although Jenelle tries to go out with her friends for dinners and sometimes a concert, she still cannot seem to find much pleasure in life. Jenelle is most likely suffering from

dysthymic

Eeyore, the despondent and downcast donkey in A.A. Milne's "Winnie the Pooh", is chronically morose but not so sad that he cannot function. For example, when Pooh says, "Good morning, Eeyore," Eeyore gloomily replies, "Good morning, Pooh Bear, if it is a good morning, which I doubt." Eeyore may have ________ disorder.

learned helplessness.

Joshua has received low grades in math throughout his school years. In the lower grades, he would study hard, but the results were always the same. Eventually, he stopped trying to do better in math because nothing seemed to work. Joshua has developed

cognitive

Which psychological approach would attribute a person's depression to escalating negative and self-defeating thoughts?

Althea who has a boyfriend but is always depressed

Who is LEAST likely to complete the act of killing themselves?

dissociative fugue

Mrs. Johnson recently returned home after being gone for nearly five months. She has no memory associated with those five months. She most likely experienced a(n)

tendency to run away

The difference between dissociative amnesia and dissociative fugue is the

social contagion.

One possible reason for the increase in the number of reported cases of dissociative identity disorder is

NOT : a lack of emotion.

Individuals with borderline personality disorder display

NOT: panic disorder

Which of the following psychological disorders is the most common in the United States?

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