"little organs"- specialized structure that performs important cellular functions within a eukaryotic cell.
material inside the cell membrane—not including the nucleus
layer of two membranes that surrounds the nucleus of a cell. It is dotted with nuclear pores, which allow materials to move in and out of the nucleus.
granular material visible within the nucleus; consists of DNA tightly coiled around proteins
threadlike structure within the nucleus; containing the genetic information that is passed from one generation to the other
small, dense region within most nuclei in which the assembly of proteins begins
small particle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA and protein.
internal membrane system in cells in which lipid components of the cell membrane are assembled and some proteins are modified
stack of membranes in the cell that modifies, sorts, and packages proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum
cell organelle filled with enzymes needed to break down certain materials in the cell (such as lipids, carbohydrates, & protiens) into small molecules that can then be used by the rest of the cell, or removed from the cell (a junk remover).
cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, proteins, and carbohydrate
cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms that captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy
network of protein filaments within some cells that helps the cell maintain its shape and is involved in many forms of cell movement. Microfilaments & microtubules are part of the cytoskeleton.
one of two tiny structures located in the cytoplasm of animal cells near the nuclear envelope. Formed from tubulins. These help organize cell division & are not found in plant cells.