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What was one of the first positive pressure ventilators developed?

Drager Pulmotor

Which medications have not been delivered as an aerosol by a respiratory therapist?

inotropics

How is competency to practice Respiratory Care determined?

obtaining a passing grade on a credentialing exam administered by the NBRC after graduation from a CoARC approved program

In 1846, who developed a water seal spirometer, which allowed accurate measurements of the patients vital capacity?

Hutchison

When did the designation "respiratory therapist" become standard?

1974

Which of the following is not an expected role of a respiratory therapist?

selling oxygen therapy devices to patients

According to the AARC, which of the following is not considered a major focus of respiratory therapists in the future?

RTs working independently and separately from other health care team members like physicians and nurses

What was the primary duty of the first inhalation therapists?

support oxygen therapy

Who is credited with first describing the law of partial pressure for a gas mixture?

John Dalton

If you are a licensed and practicing RT in the state of MO, how many continuing education units are needed to maintain your state license?

24 every 2 years

What was the name of the first professional organization for the field of respiratory care?

Inhalation Therapy Association

Who is the MSRC district president for Joplin and its surrounding area?

Chris Cox

Where are the majority of RTs employed?

hospitals or acute care settings

In what year did the respiratory care professional organization American Association for Respiratory Therapy (AART) change its name to the American Association for respiratory Care?

1982

The majority of respiratory care education programs in the US offer what degree?

Associate's degree

Who introduced the first laryngoscope in 1913?

Chevalier Jackson

Who is considered to be the "Father of Medicine"?

Hippoctrates

Who was the first scientist in 1865 to suggest that many diseases were caused my microorganisms?

Louis Pastuer

What is not true regarding the AARC?

It grants credentials to RTs in specialty areas like critical care and sleep disorders

Which of the following is not predicted to be a growing trend in RC for the future?

increased us of invasive intravascular lines for patient monitoring

In 1662, a chemist published a book that described the relationship between gas, volume, and pressure. What was the chemist's name?

Robert Boyle

Who discovered oxygen in 1774 and described it as "dephlogisticated air"?

Joseph Priestly

What is the name of the special task force created by the AARC in 2007 to envision the potential roles and responsibilities of future RTs?

2015 and Beyond

Who discovered the x-ray and opened the door for the modern field of radiology?

William Roentgen

What organization was created to regulate the practice of RC against harm by incompetence and unlawful practice?

Missouri Board for Respiratory Care

What organization has developed an examination to enable RTs to become credentialed?

National Board for Respiratory Therapy

Who is the MSRC district vice president serving Joplin and its surrounding area?

Sherry Whiteman

Which of the following organizations offers you publications concerning research and trends in RC when you apply to become a member?

AARC

In what year did it become a requirement for RTs to be licensed by the state in which they practice?

1980

Which two names are linked with the development of the iron lung, which was extensively used to treat the polio epidemic in the 1950s?

Drinker and Emerson

You are a practicing RT working in MO. You desire to become more professional and want to become active in the MSRC. Which district would you be a part of if you live and work in SWMO?

District II

Today, RC educational programs int he US are accredited by what organization?

CoARC

Who was the first to develop the large scale production of O2 in 1907?

Karl von Linde

Who was the man responsible for the "Four Essential Fluid Theory" that theorized that a person's health was dependent on a balance of the 4 humors: phlegm, blood, yellow bile, and black bile? This theory persisted well into the 19th century and produced such practices as bloodletting and purges.

Hippocrates

Which scientist described his law of diffusion for gasses in the 19th century?

Thomas Graham

The CDC was established in what year?

1946

Smallpox can be spread through?

Direct contact

A bubo is?

an acutely swollen lymph node

Which of the follow antibiotics is the drug of choice to treat Tularemia?

Streptomycin

What disease is not classified as Class A?

Mycoplasma fever

What is not a treatment for botulism?

Antibiotics

What animal is not a reservoir for Tularemia

Horse

Which antibiotic is not recommended for treating Anthrax?

Penicillin

A person with smallpox is considered contagious when?

Sores break open

What voluntary accrediting agency monitors quality in respiratory care departments?

JCAHO

What system has the federal govt developed to evaluate the quality of care given to Medicare beneficiaries?

Peer Review Org (PROs)

Responsibility for the technical direction of a RC dept lies with whom?

Department Manager

The effectiveness of the patient-focused care model has been limited by what?

Expense of relocating radiology, pharmacy, and laboratory services to nursing units

What agency is responsible for ensuring quality care through voluntary certification and registration?

NBRC

What term is used in current health care that refers to an organized strategy of delivering care to a large group of individuals?

Disease management

What is an essential element of a comprehensive protocol program?

Carefully structured assessment tool and care plan form

To monitor correctness of RC plans, what should be used?

Care plan auditors and case study exercises

What term is used to describe the process by which a govt agency gives an individual permission to practice an occupation?

Licensure

HIPPA was established in 1996 to set standards related to sharing confidential health history info about patients. What does the latter P stand for?

Portability

For the CRT credential, what does the letter T stand for?

Therapist

RC education programs are reviewed by which committee to ensure quality?

Committee for accreditation of respiratory care

The medical director of RC is not responsible for?

establishment of safety and equipment effectiveness standards

Hospital restructuring and redesign has not involved?

Nursing unit having its own admitting and medical lab facilities

Current JCAHO standards for accreditation emphasize what?

Continual quality improvement

What organization is responsible for credentialing RTs?

NBRC

Who is professionally responsible for the clinical function of the RC dept?

Medical Director

What is the chief reason that the RC protocols were developed and are currently being used in hospitals throughout North America?

enhance proper allocation of RC services

The word credentialing in general refers to what?

recognition of an individual in the profession

What is one advantage that has been shown of RC protocols?

decrease in the overordering of RC services

What term is used to describe the work done by a researcher who reviews numerous studies on a single topic and gives more weight to the more rigorous ones before making recommendations?

meta-analysis

Treatment based on careful review of available literature is known as?

evidence based medicine

The responsibilities of a RC dept manager do not include?

regulating medications delivered by respiratory staff

Which of the following is an acceptable practice in medical recordkeeping?

Using standard abbreviations

All health care personnel must use the two patient identifiers before initiating care, which does not include?

patient room number

To check the results of a patient's recent blood work, you would go to which section of the medical record?

lab sheet

Maintaining eye contact, leaning toward the patient, and nodding your head are all good examples of what communication technique?

attending

In the standard approach to hospital fires, the RACE plan has been suggested. What does the C stand for?

contain

To determine and recent trends in the patients pulse, respiration, or BP, you would go to which section of the medical record?

vital signs

How can the risk of fire because of static electrical charge in the presence of O2 be minimized?

Maintain high relative humidity in the area of use

A therapist who says "You seem to be anxious about your surgery" to a patient just admitted for bypass surgery is using what interpersonal communication technique?

reflecting feelings

A patient's response to an interview question is initially unclear. What should your response be?

Please explain that to me again

What current passing through the chest can cause v-fib, diaphragm dysfunction, and death?

100mA

The elements of a POMR entry should include what?

1. Patient's subjective complaints and concerns
2. objective data gathered by the health professional
3. assessment of the subjective and objective data
plan to address the identified problems

To find out what drugs or IV fluids a patient received recently, you would go to which section of the medical record?

medication record

To confirm a physician's prescription for a drug that you need to give to a patient, you would go to which section of the medical record?

physician's orders

Information bout a patient's nearest kin, physician, and initial diagnosis can be found in which section of the medical record?

admission sheet

Lifting heavy objects is best done by what?

Straight spine, bent legs

An Rt is instructing on a particular piece of equipment and should use what scenario on education the patient?

Teach back

What is the role of the RT during a disaster situation?

transporting the critically ill to safety first

What should be monitored during ambulation?

skin color, breathing rate and effort, and level of consciousness

What form of patient record is most designated to succinctly report data in a time-oriented format and to decrease time needed for documentation?

flowsheet

What conditions must be met for a fire to occur?

Temperature high enough for combustion, presence of O2, and presence of flammable material

What techniques ensure that understanding is taking place between the parties involved in an interaction?

clarifying, paraphrasing, perception checking, attending

To determine the amount of urine excreted int he last 24 hours, you would go to which section of the medical record?

intake and output sheet (I and O)

Medical records are strictly confidential and are protected under what law?

HIPPA

If you make a mistake when charting a patient's treatment, what should you do?

Draw a line through the mistake and write error above it

What is the primary purpose of grounding all electrical equipment used in the hospital setting?

to prevent the dangerous buildup of voltage in the equipment

Where do most hospital fires initially start?

kitchen

What are methods of communicating empathy to your patients?

use of touch, use of key words, use of eye contact

A therapist who says, "Please explain that to me again" to a patient during an interview is using what interpersonal communication technique?

clarifying

When an RT defers a patient's questions about a condition to the attending physician, what ethical principle is being practiced?

role fidelity

In most professions, specific guidance in resolving ethical dilemmas is provided by what?

a code of ethics

A clinician who justifies support for withdrawing life support from a patient because in the end it would be best for all involved" is applying what ethical viewpoint?

consequentialism

What is the role of the corporate compliance officer (CCO) in a health care setting?

to oversee the hospital's business practices and make sure they conform to the law

If an RT refers a medicare patient to a particular home care company and receives a finder's fee in return, this is an example of?

medicare fraud

What are the economic damages that can be imposed on a defendant during a negligence lawsuit?

1. loss of employment or business opportunities
2. loss of property
3. loss of past and future earnings

HIPPA primarily is reffered to as the Privacy Rule and is concerned with PHI. What is PHI?

Protected Health information

When a practitioner performs a procedure that involves physical contact without the patient's consent, it can result in what charge?

battery

In case of a professional negligence, what is not required to support a claim of res ipsa loquitur?

Evidence that shows that the defendant acted with malfeasance or intent

What are the principles of the AARC code of ethics?

1. actively maintaining and improving one's comptence
2. following sound scientific procedures and ethical principles in research
3. promoting disease prevention and wellness
4. striving to improve the access, efficacy, and cost of patient care
5. respecting and protecting the rights of patients they treat

Which ethical principle obliges an RT to uphold a patient's right to refuse a treatment?

autonomy

An RT that engages in a questionable business practice is committing what type of malpractice?

ethical

What is necessary to validate a claim of professional negligence?

1. the practitioner owed a duty to a patient
2. the practitioner was derelict with that duty
3. the breach of duty was the direct cause of damages
4. damage or harm came to the patient

When a decision making tool isn't helpful, how is the RT to make a decision?

base it on their intuition abilities

What simple question does ethics try to answer?

How should we act?

What does the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) do for each individual health care worker?

It provides protections to hospital workers whether they are organized into a union or not

What ethical issue has recently become a significant concern for RTs and all healthcare providers due to a congressional act?

patient's right to privacy

What are the most effective tools in preventing malpractice litigations?

1. Active risk management practices
2. Appropriate guest relation policies

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