5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Wilbur and Orville Wright
- Social Darwinism
- Charles Lindbergh
- General Electric
- a Also known as "Scientific Managment", named after its leading theoretician, Frederick Winslow Taylor. He argued that scientific managment was also a way to increase the employers control of the workplace. He urged employers to subdived tasks, to speed up production, and decrease being dependent on a specific worker.
- b 1920s, had a famous solo flight from New York to Paris and electrified the nation and the world.
- c Two brothers from Ohio who owned a bicycle shop in which they began to construct a glider that could be propelled through the air by an internal-combustion engine. Four years after they began experimenting they tested a flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The airplane took off and travel 120ft for 12 seconds before hitting the ground again.
- d The application of Charles Darwin's law of evolution and natural selection among species to human society. In a human society only the fittest individuals survived nd flourished in the marketplace.
- e Company fearful of technological competition that created one of the first corperate labortories in 1900.
5 Multiple choice questions
- A central corperate body that would buy up the stock of various members of the Standard Oil trust and establish direct, formal ownership of the corperations in the trust.
- Invented the cash register in 1878.
- Introduced the movable assembly line with his automobile plants in 1914. This process stressed the complete interchangablity of parts.
- One of the pioneers of electric lighting, he devised the arc lamp for street illumination.
- founded in the 1870s and led for many years by Daniel De Leon, an immigrant from the west indies. He attracted a modest following in the industrial cities, but his party never became a major one. In 1901 they eventually broke away and formed the American Socialist Party.
5 True/False questions
Isaac Singer → Patented a sewing machine in 1851 and created I. M. Singer and Company. One of the first modern manufacturing corperations.
George Bissell → One of the pioneers of electric lighting, he devised the arc lamp for street illumination.
Charles and Frank Duryea → A sociologist who wrote Dynamic Sociology in 1883. He argued that civilization was not governed by natural selection, but by human intellegence, which was capable of shaping society as it wished.
Andrew Carnegie → A Scottish immigrant who had worked his way up from modest beginings and in 1873 opened his own steelworks in Pittsburgh. Soon he dominated the industry.
Thomas Edison → Invented the cash register in 1878.