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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Charles Lindbergh
  2. John D. Rockefeller
  3. American Railway Union
  4. Homestead Strike
  5. Pullman Strike
  1. a when Carnegie and his chief lieutenant Frick repeatedly cut wages at the Homestead plant, the union Amalgamated, was given two days to accept another wage cut, or call for a strike. The union chose to strike. They turned violent by starting a fire on water and being on the docks with guns.
  2. b in Chicago in 1894, Pullman cut wages but refused to lower rents in the company town. So the workers went on strike.
  3. c Led by Eugene Debs, he refused to handle Pullman cars and equiptment. Within a few days thousands of railroad workers and territories were on strike. Transportation from chicago to the Pacific Coast was paralyzed.
  4. d The most celebrated corperate empire of the late nineteenth century was his Standard Oil. He launched a refining company in Cleveland and immediatly began trying to eliminate his competition. He bought out competing refineries. In 1870 he founded the Standard oil Company of Ohio.
  5. e 1920s, had a famous solo flight from New York to Paris and electrified the nation and the world.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Developed a relatively small meatpacking company into a great national corperation.
  2. Invented the calculating and adding machine in 1891.
  3. Wrote a utopian novel Looking Backward, published in 1888, sold more than 1 million copies. His book was a description of a utopian society in the year 2000, based on nationalism.
  4. The combining of a number of firms engaged in the same enterprise into a single corperation.
  5. Two brothers from Ohio who owned a bicycle shop in which they began to construct a glider that could be propelled through the air by an internal-combustion engine. Four years after they began experimenting they tested a flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The airplane took off and travel 120ft for 12 seconds before hitting the ground again.

5 True/False questions

  1. George BissellOne of the pioneers of electric lighting, he devised the arc lamp for street illumination.


  2. PinkertonsWell-known strikebreakers.


  3. Socialist Labor PartyThe application of Charles Darwin's law of evolution and natural selection among species to human society. In a human society only the fittest individuals survived nd flourished in the marketplace.


  4. Cyrus W. Field1866, laid a transatlantic telegraph cable to Europe.


  5. Andrew CarnegieA Scottish immigrant who had worked his way up from modest beginings and in 1873 opened his own steelworks in Pittsburgh. Soon he dominated the industry.


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