← APUSH Chapter 17 Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- James Ritty
- John D. Rockefeller
- Labor Contract Law
- Homestead Strike
- Gustevus Swift
- a Developed a relatively small meatpacking company into a great national corperation.
- b The most celebrated corperate empire of the late nineteenth century was his Standard Oil. He launched a refining company in Cleveland and immediatly began trying to eliminate his competition. He bought out competing refineries. In 1870 he founded the Standard oil Company of Ohio.
- c Industrial employers recruited many immigrants under this contract until its repeal in 1885. It permitted them to pay for the passage of workers in advance and deduct the amount later from their wages.
- d when Carnegie and his chief lieutenant Frick repeatedly cut wages at the Homestead plant, the union Amalgamated, was given two days to accept another wage cut, or call for a strike. The union chose to strike. They turned violent by starting a fire on water and being on the docks with guns.
- e Invented the cash register in 1878.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Wrote a utopian novel Looking Backward, published in 1888, sold more than 1 million copies. His book was a description of a utopian society in the year 2000, based on nationalism.
- One of Bissell's employees who in 1859, established the first oil well near Titusville, Pa. It produced 500 barrels a month.
- A sociologist who wrote Dynamic Sociology in 1883. He argued that civilization was not governed by natural selection, but by human intellegence, which was capable of shaping society as it wished.
- Patented a sewing machine in 1851 and created I. M. Singer and Company. One of the first modern manufacturing corperations.
- Led by Eugene Debs, he refused to handle Pullman cars and equiptment. Within a few days thousands of railroad workers and territories were on strike. Transportation from chicago to the Pacific Coast was paralyzed.
5 True/False Questions
Henry George → Introduced the movable assembly line with his automobile plants in 1914. This process stressed the complete interchangablity of parts.
J. Pierpont Morgan → A banker who, in 1901, bought Carnigie Steel for 450 million. He merged this steel company with his others and created a giant United States Steel Corperation. This controlled 2/3 of the country's steel production.
Socialist Labor Party → founded in the 1870s and led for many years by Daniel De Leon, an immigrant from the west indies. He attracted a modest following in the industrial cities, but his party never became a major one. In 1901 they eventually broke away and formed the American Socialist Party.
William S. Burroughs → Invented the calculating and adding machine in 1891.
Thomas Edison → Invented the cash register in 1878.