5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Charles Lindbergh
- John D. Rockefeller
- American Railway Union
- Homestead Strike
- Pullman Strike
- a when Carnegie and his chief lieutenant Frick repeatedly cut wages at the Homestead plant, the union Amalgamated, was given two days to accept another wage cut, or call for a strike. The union chose to strike. They turned violent by starting a fire on water and being on the docks with guns.
- b in Chicago in 1894, Pullman cut wages but refused to lower rents in the company town. So the workers went on strike.
- c Led by Eugene Debs, he refused to handle Pullman cars and equiptment. Within a few days thousands of railroad workers and territories were on strike. Transportation from chicago to the Pacific Coast was paralyzed.
- d The most celebrated corperate empire of the late nineteenth century was his Standard Oil. He launched a refining company in Cleveland and immediatly began trying to eliminate his competition. He bought out competing refineries. In 1870 he founded the Standard oil Company of Ohio.
- e 1920s, had a famous solo flight from New York to Paris and electrified the nation and the world.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Developed a relatively small meatpacking company into a great national corperation.
- Invented the calculating and adding machine in 1891.
- Wrote a utopian novel Looking Backward, published in 1888, sold more than 1 million copies. His book was a description of a utopian society in the year 2000, based on nationalism.
- The combining of a number of firms engaged in the same enterprise into a single corperation.
- Two brothers from Ohio who owned a bicycle shop in which they began to construct a glider that could be propelled through the air by an internal-combustion engine. Four years after they began experimenting they tested a flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The airplane took off and travel 120ft for 12 seconds before hitting the ground again.
5 True/False questions
George Bissell → One of the pioneers of electric lighting, he devised the arc lamp for street illumination.
Pinkertons → Well-known strikebreakers.
Socialist Labor Party → The application of Charles Darwin's law of evolution and natural selection among species to human society. In a human society only the fittest individuals survived nd flourished in the marketplace.
Cyrus W. Field → 1866, laid a transatlantic telegraph cable to Europe.
Andrew Carnegie → A Scottish immigrant who had worked his way up from modest beginings and in 1873 opened his own steelworks in Pittsburgh. Soon he dominated the industry.