5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Vertical Integration
- Alexander Graham Bell
- American Railway Union
- Edward Bellamy
- Horizontal integration
- a developed the first telephone with commercial capacity.
- b Wrote a utopian novel Looking Backward, published in 1888, sold more than 1 million copies. His book was a description of a utopian society in the year 2000, based on nationalism.
- c The combining of a number of firms engaged in the same enterprise into a single corperation.
- d The taking over of all the different businesses on which a company relied for its primary function.
- e Led by Eugene Debs, he refused to handle Pullman cars and equiptment. Within a few days thousands of railroad workers and territories were on strike. Transportation from chicago to the Pacific Coast was paralyzed.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- A sociologist who wrote Dynamic Sociology in 1883. He argued that civilization was not governed by natural selection, but by human intellegence, which was capable of shaping society as it wished.
- Introduced the movable assembly line with his automobile plants in 1914. This process stressed the complete interchangablity of parts.
- They built the first gasoline-driven motor vehicle in America in 1903.
- The most celebrated corperate empire of the late nineteenth century was his Standard Oil. He launched a refining company in Cleveland and immediatly began trying to eliminate his competition. He bought out competing refineries. In 1870 he founded the Standard oil Company of Ohio.
- One of the pioneers of electric lighting, he devised the arc lamp for street illumination.
5 True/False Questions
Thomas Edison → Also known as "Scientific Managment", named after its leading theoretician, Frederick Winslow Taylor. He argued that scientific managment was also a way to increase the employers control of the workplace. He urged employers to subdived tasks, to speed up production, and decrease being dependent on a specific worker.
The Gospel of Wealth → 1901, written by Andrew Carnegie. In it he said how the wealthy should consider all revenues in excess of their own needs "trust funds" to be used for the good of the community.
Molly Maguires → California writer and activist who published Progress and Poverty in 1879. It became one of the best-selling non-fiction works in American publishing history. He blamed social problems on the ability of a few wealthy monopolists growing wealthy by raising land values.
Charles Lindbergh → 1920s, had a famous solo flight from New York to Paris and electrified the nation and the world.
Gustevus Swift → Invented the cash register in 1878.