5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Henry George
- Knights of Labor
- John Peter Altgeld
- Alexander Graham Bell
- American Federation of Labor
- a California writer and activist who published Progress and Poverty in 1879. It became one of the best-selling non-fiction works in American publishing history. He blamed social problems on the ability of a few wealthy monopolists growing wealthy by raising land values.
- b In 1881, representatives of a number of craft unions formed the Federation of Organized Trade and Labor Unions of the United States and Canada. Five years later they took the name of this. Samuel Gompers was the leader of this organization. They concentrated on wages, hours, and working conditions.
- c Formed in 1869 under the leadership of Uriah Stephens. A national labor organization open to all who were "tolied." Meaning all workers, business men, proffessional people, and virtually all women. This group wanted 8-hr days and no child labor.
- d developed the first telephone with commercial capacity.
- e Governor of Illinois who demonstrated sympathies for workers and their grievances. He refused to call out the militia to protect employers.
5 Multiple choice questions
- A Scottish immigrant who had worked his way up from modest beginings and in 1873 opened his own steelworks in Pittsburgh. Soon he dominated the industry.
- The most celebrated corperate empire of the late nineteenth century was his Standard Oil. He launched a refining company in Cleveland and immediatly began trying to eliminate his competition. He bought out competing refineries. In 1870 he founded the Standard oil Company of Ohio.
- The combining of a number of firms engaged in the same enterprise into a single corperation.
- Patented a sewing machine in 1851 and created I. M. Singer and Company. One of the first modern manufacturing corperations.
- when Carnegie and his chief lieutenant Frick repeatedly cut wages at the Homestead plant, the union Amalgamated, was given two days to accept another wage cut, or call for a strike. The union chose to strike. They turned violent by starting a fire on water and being on the docks with guns.
5 True/False questions
Socialist Labor Party → founded in the 1870s and led for many years by Daniel De Leon, an immigrant from the west indies. He attracted a modest following in the industrial cities, but his party never became a major one. In 1901 they eventually broke away and formed the American Socialist Party.
George Bissell → One of the pioneers of electric lighting, he devised the arc lamp for street illumination.
Gustevus Swift → Invented the cash register in 1878.
William S. Burroughs → One of the pioneers of electric lighting, he devised the arc lamp for street illumination.
Haymarket Bombing → in Chicago, a strike was taking place at McCormick Harvester Company, when the city police began harassing the strikers and trying to make them disperse in Haymarket Square, when someone threw a bomb that killed seven policemen and injured 67 others, and the policemen, firing into the crowd, killed 4 more people. Conservative Americans demanded retribution, 8 anarchists were tried and sentenced to death. One committed suicide, four were executed and two others had their sentences commuted to life in prison. The bombing represented a new fear of social chaos and radicalism, especially of anarchism.