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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. States Rights
  2. Free soilers
  3. Why were volunteers reluctant to reenlist after their first year of war?
  4. Popular Sovereignty
  5. How did the Civil War change women in society?
  1. a 1. John Calhoun argued that the National government can't pass a law that denies a citizen with their property
    2. Only a state can abolish slavery within it's borders; the federal government can't
    3. Until a territory becomes a state, it has to be open to slavery
    4. Claims that all laws that prohibit slavery are unconstitutional
  2. b The devastation of the southern economy forced many women to play a more public and economic role, forming reform groups and organizations.
  3. c - Lewis Cass; Senator of Michigan; Democrat; places the sovereignty doctrine
    - described as "squatter sovereignty" meant that the settlers could vote slavery up or down at the first meeting of a territorial legislature
    - Cass doesn't know if the federal government has the right to regulate slavery;
    - Cass says if the govt. has the right to abolish slavery; they shouldn't
    - Cass wants to keep slavery out of national politics because it will tear the country and the democratic party apart
  4. d due to Army discipline and the conditions that the troops were under
  5. e people who didn't want slavery to expand to new territories but were not an abolitionist party

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. one fourth of the people
  2. (wealthy) people who could actually receive pardons wanted them because they couldn't vote or hold office without it
  3. -due to the Union blockade
    - the railroad wasn't transporting goods, it was transporting troops
    - when the North penetrated the South, it left gaps in the system
  4. - from Illinois, self-made man who rose from frontier poverty to legal and political prominence
    - embodied the Republican idea of equal opportunity
  5. - Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois proposed a bill to organize the territory west of Missouri and Iowa
    - sought up to set up a territorial government in Kansas and Nebraska on the basis of popular sovereignty
    - wants to reunite the Democratic Party about Manifest Destiny and the transcontinental railroad
    - tried to present it as a "railroad bill" but the South doesn't see it that way
    - the South sees it as an anti-slavery bill b/c the South sees Kansas & Nebraska as two free territories

5 True/False questions

  1. Compromise of 1850- proposed by Henry Clay who wants to admit California as a free state
    - organize the rest of the Mexican cession to two territories on the basis of popular sovereignty (Mexican law had already abolished slavery there)
    - Resolve boundary dispute between New Mexico and Texas by granting the disputing region to New Mexico and paying Texas' debt of 10 million
    - proposes to abolish the slave trade in Washington, D.C.
    - called for a more effective Fugitive Slave Law


  2. Fourteenth Amendment-ratified in 1865, prohibiting slavery and involuntary servitude


  3. Why was slavery viewed as a "positive good"?1. Whites said that it was the only way that blacks and whites could live harmoniously
    2. Whites had a biblical argument
    3. Whites had a historical argument and referenced Greece
    4. Whites had a racial argument, saying blacks were inferior
    4. Whites had a humanitarian argument, saying that slaves are treated better than free workers in the North
    5. Whites had a social argument, saying that the South had more stability and more control


  4. Nat Turner- a preacher and prophet who believed God had given him a sign that the time was ripe to strike for freedom; a vision of black and white angels wrestling in the sky
    - led a slave rebellion to punish slave owners
    - killing over 60 whites
    - lasted only 48 hours before it dispersed
    - six months later, Turner was captures and flayed
    - 120 innocent African Americans were killed
    - After Nat Turner's Rebellion, slavery become much more oppressive


  5. Secession- South Carolina will vote unanimously to secede
    - six more southern states will secede
    - In Feb. 1861, delegates from the Deep South established the Confederate States of America declaring themselves a separate nation


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