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Individuals who decide to run for elective office can be divided into two groups:

B. Those who are recruited and self-starters

One of the reasons for the increased intensity of campaigns in the last decade is that they are now centered
on the party and not on the candidate.
a. True
b. False

B. False

To win in American elections today, candidates seek to capture all of the votes of their party's supporters, a
majority of the independent voters, and a few votes from supporters of the other party.
a. True
b. False

A. True

Today, the presidential nomination process is controlled by:

e. the pulic rather than party elites

U.S. citizens who turnout to vote at the highest rate are:

A. Retirees

A(n) ________ is secret and is prepared, distributed, and counted by government officials in order to make
it more difficult to pressure people to change their votes.

B. Australian Ballot

The number of electors that each state has in the Electoral College:

C. is determined by the number of US representatives and senators a state has,

When no presidential candidate gets a majority of the vote in the Electoral College:

The election is decided by the US House of Representatives

Legal qualifications for registering to vote in Texas would not include being:
a. a resident of the county.
b. at least 18 years old.
c. a citizen of the United States.
d. a county tax-payer.

D a county tax-payer

Which of the following would not explain low voter turnout in Texas?
a. Political structure
b. Low population
c. Socio-economic categories
d. Political culture

B Low population

If no candidate receives a majority vote in the primary election, a ________ is required to declare a winner.

B run-off primary

Primary elections in Texas are held on the second Tuesday of:

C March of even-numbered years

Special elections in Texas are held for all of the following purposes, except:

A confirming a governor's appointment

________ is sensationalistic, irresponsible journalism.

E Yellow journalism

A sound bite is:

E a brief, memorable comment that can be easily fit into news reports.

________ is a(n) interpretation of campaign events or election results that is favorable to the candidate's
campaign strategy.

D spin

The White House press corps:

A consists of reporters assigned to cover the presidency on a full-time basis

________ is the process by which people acquire political beliefs and attitudes.

A Political socialization

Women in America are more likely to support ________ than men in America.

C Social welfare programs

The most important consideration in drawing a sample for a public opinion poll is:

B the random selection of respondents

. Since the early 1990s, Americans have reliably shown more confidence in ________ than any other
government institution.

E the miltary

Naturalized citizens are constitutionally barred from running for the office of

C President of the United States

Candidates for public office are likely to be

B Lawyers

Part of the reason for the increased intensity of campaigns in the last decade is that they are now centered
on the

C candidate and not on the party

A small group of individuals that is gathered to identify in-depth feelings about candidates and issues is
called a

C Focus group

. Most PAC contributions go to

B incumbents

When only declared party members can vote in a primary election, it is called a(n)

A closed primary

When voters can vote in either party primary without disclosing their party affiliation, it is called a(n)

B. open primary

The American electoral process is said to
a. favor wealthier candidates.
b. further the aims of special interest groups.
c. be dominated by older voters.
d. all of the above

D all of the above

States that have been tagged as ____ states will see intense campaigning up to the very day of the election.

D battleground

The Americans who turn out to vote at the lowest rate are

D the youngest voters

Voter turnout for local elections is
a. much greater than for presidential elections.
b. much less than for presidential elections.
c. slightly greater than for presidential elections.
d. slightly less than for presidential elections.

B much less than for presidental elections

. The people who cast their ballots in the Electoral College are called

C. electors

Which of the following is true?
a. Although it is theoretically possible for a candidate to win the electoral vote while losing the popular
vote, this has never happened in our history.
b. The Framers ensured that it would be impossible for a candidate to win the electoral vote without also
winning the popular vote.
c. The Constitution requires that the members of the Electoral College vote in a manner consistent with
their states' popular vote.
d. The only way that our nation could cease to use the Electoral College is through the process of
constitutional amendment.

D. the only way that our nation could cease to use the Electoral College is through the process of constitutional amendement

In a recall election, voters can

C. Remove elected officials from office

. The most common form of political participation in America is

C registering to vote and voting

All of the following are reasons why people vote except
a. their individual vote determines the winner.
b. to hold public officials accountable.
c. to express a political opinion.
d. to be politically active.

A their individual vote determines the winner

Polls show that voter turnout is influenced by all the following factors except
a. age.
b. religion.
c. income.
d. education.

B religion

To be eligible to vote on Election Day in Texas, a person must be all the following except
a. a citizen of the United States.
b. registered to vote 30 days prior.
c. a resident of their voting precinct.
d. pre-registered with a political party.

D pre-registered with a political party

In order to vote in Texas, an eligible voter must also
a. own property.
b. be born in Texas
c. pay a poll tax.
d. register to vote.

D register to vote

Since passage of the _____________ a person can register to vote when renewing a driver's license.

A "motor voter" law

Compared to voter turnout in other countries, the United States ranks
a. slightly higher.
b. about the same.
c. significantly lower.
d. significantly higher.

C significantly lower

The national elections that take place halfway between presidential elections are called

A midterm elections

A method in which party members vote to help select their party's candidates for the next general election
is referred to as the

B convention system

In practice, the Texas primary system operates much like a(n)
a. open primary.
b. run-off primary.
c. closed primary.
d. blanket primary.

A open primary

When members of one party vote in the other party's primary in order to influence the election's outcome it
is called

B cross-over voting

Which of the following is required to win a primary election?
a. A plurality of the votes
b. A majority of the votes
c. A unanimous vote
d. A recent facelift

B a majority of the votes

Which of the following is directly responsible for registering voters and conducting general elections in
Texas?
a. Various county-level officials
b. The Federal Election Commission
c. The Texas Ethics Commission
d. The Texas Secretary of State's office

A various county-level officials

An election in which party nominees compete for national, state, and county elected offices is referred to as a

D general election

The ability to cast your ballot locally prior to Election Day is referred to as

A early voting

. Studies have shown that successful campaign ads are those that

C focus on negative attributes

The most expensive cost of campaign advertising is using

C radio and television

The vehicle through which interest groups contribute funds to candidates is

D political action committees

Major functions of the mass media in the United States include all of the following except
a. entertainment.
b. conducting elections.
c. reporting the news.
d. providing a political forum.

B conducting elections

Most of the media in the United States are

C private-for-profit corporate enterprises

Publicly owned media outlets are

A often are subsidized by the government

Two inventions that led to the development of mass-readership newspapers were

B the high speed rotary press and the telegraph

Radio talk shows have been dominated by

A conservative commentators

In the United States, the mass media are dominated by

A television

________, a show on Comedy Central that resembles an actual newscast, blurs the line between fiction and
reality by featuring guests from the world of politics and government.

D the Daily show with Jon Stewart

One of the major tactics of paid-for political announcements is

D to use negative advertising

. The 1960 presidential debates between John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon

C illustrated the importance of the candidates' televised images

Generally, in presidential debates

A challengers have much more to gain from debating than do incumbents

The media are most influential with those persons who

D are undecided voters

The journalists assigned to cover the presidency on a full-time basis are members of the

D White House press corps

The protections of the _____ Amendment are intended to keep the flow of news as free as possible, because
it is an essential part of the democratic process.

A first

Which of the following is true concerning the media and the 2008 elections?
a. The claims that the major news networks were more positive to Obama than McCain were
substantiated.
b. The claims that the major news networks were more positive to McCain than Obama were
substantiated.
c. Both candidates were covered fairly by various critics.
d. Both candidates appeared on late-night comedy shows, including Saturday Night Live.

A the claims that the major news networks were more positive to Obama than McCain were substantiated

Because there is no one "public," but rather many different publics, surveying public opinion actually
means

B describing the aggregate of individual attitudes shared by some portion of the adult population

General agreement among the citizenry on an issue is

A a consensus

. The transfer of political attitudes and beliefs
a. is more likely to occur from children to the parents.
b. is more likely to occur from parents to children.
c. is just as likely to occur from children to parents as it is to occur from parents to children.
d. hurts the head.

B is more likely to occur from parents to children

Peer groups are most likely to influence political attitudes when

D the peer group is actively involved in political activites

Historically, Roman Catholic families tend to be

D democrats

Traditionally, Protestant families tended to be
.

A republicans

Voters who are more devout and attend services regularly, regardless of church affiliation, are

A more likely to vote republician

A random sample means that

A every person in the target population has an equal chance of being selected

In opinion polling, the difference between what the sample results show and what the true result would be
if everybody had been interviewed is termed

D sampling error

The values that shape American political culture include all of the following except
a. personal achievement.
b. liberty.
c. equality.
d. government control of the economy

D government control of the economy

Which of the following is not a form of political expression?
a. Voting for individuals who represent your views
b. Writing a letter to your Congressperson
c. Calling your Senator's office
d. Watching television

D watching television

Which of the following is an accurate description of the impact of the media?
a. The media is successful in telling people what to think.
b. The media does not impact what people think or what people think about.
c. The media may not be successful in telling people what to think, but they are stunningly successful in
telling their audience what to think about.
d. The media has no impact on public opinion.

C the media may not be successful in telling people what to think, but they are stunningly successful in
telling their audience what to think about.

Which of the following minority groups supports the Republican Party?
a. African Americans
b. Puerto Ricans
c. Cuban Americans
d. Mongolians

C cuban americans

The United States is a(n)__________of government.

C federal system

Powers specifically granted to the national government by the Constitution are known as

D enumerated powers

Powers not given to the federal government by the Constitution, nor prohibited to the states, are

B reserves to the states

The full faith and credit clause

b. protects the rights of citizens as they move from state to state.

The ruling in McCulloch v. Maryland established the doctrine of

C implied powers

Federal legislation that requires states and municipalities to comply with certain rules is known as a

C federal mandate

National authority has traditionally been preferred by

A liberals

_____ have traditionally opposed the increasing size and scope of the federal government.

B conservatives

The transfer of power from the national government to state and local governments is known as

C devolution

The Declaration of Independence was written by

A Thomas Jefferson

After the United States gained its independence, the first system of government was created by the

D Articles of Confederation

Generally speaking, the delegates to the Constitutional Convention were

D experienced in political office or military service

The Great Compromise

b. created a Congress composed of two chambers: one with representation based on population and the
second with equal state representation

The Constitution created a
a. confederal system of government that grants fewer powers to the national government than the Articles
of Confederation.
b. federal system of government that grants fewer powers to the national government than the Articles of
Confederation.
c. confederal system of government that divides powers between the states and national government.
d. federal system of government that divides powers between the states and national government.

d. federal system of government that divides powers between the states and national government.

Originally, the Bill of Rights

B did not apply to the state governments

Which practice was abolished by a constitutional amendment?
a. Dueling
b. Flag burning
c. Slavery
d. Execution by the electric chair

C slavery

Freedom of the press is protected by the

A First Amendment

A political party is a group of individuals who

B organize to win elections and operate the government

A political system in which only two parties have a reasonable chance of winning is called

B a two-party system

An interest group is

C an organization that actively attempts to influence government policy

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