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list several functions of carbohydrates in animal and plant cells

Carbohydrates supply immediate energy for animal and plant cells plus can serve as a short-term storage of energy. They also play a structural role in both types of cells.

What monomer makes up carbohydrates?

monosaccharides

How do saturated fatty acids differ from unsaturated fatty acids?

Saturated fatty acids lack double bonds between carbon atoms, while unsaturated fatty acids have one or more double bonds.

How does the structure of fats differ from that of phospholipids? Answer

Fats are composed of triglycerides, which contain a glycerol backbone and three fatty acids. Phospholipids have glycerol and two fatty acids, along with a phosphate group.

vWhat are some of the many functions of proteins in cells?

Proteins can function as structural proteins, they can act as messengers (hormones), they are responsible for cell movement, they can function as antibodies, and they serve as enzymes.

Why does denaturation of a protein cause it to stop functioning?

Denaturation disrupts bonding within the protein molecule. A protein cannot function normally once it loses its characteristic shape.

What are nucleic acids polymers of?

nucleotides

Are the building blocks of nucleic acids the same for RNA and DNA?

Both RNA and DNA contain nucleotides, but DNA contains deoxyribose instead of ribose found in RNA, and the RNA base uracil replaces thymine found in DNA.

what is the biological role of lipids?

insulation, it is a ready concentrated source of energy

What is the biologically important role of carbohydrates?

store energy, are a major component of plant cells, provide a ready source of energy

what is the biologically important role of proteins?

they are required for growth/repair of the cells, converted into fates, a ready source of energy

what is the biologically important role of nucleic acids?

they encode the genetic info for construction/functioning of an organism

bonds between amino acids are called:

peptide bonds

what is the final 3-dimensional shape of a protein called?

tertiary structure

pentoses are____

5 carbon sugars

hexoses are_____

6 carbon sugars

the monomers of lipids are...

fatty acids

what are the 2 types of lipids found in cell membranes?

phospholipids and cholesterol

what are the 3 elements found in carbs?

hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen

what is the monomer of lipids?

fatty acids

what is the monomer of proteins?

amino acids

What is the element found in proteins, but not carbs?

nitrogen

What 3 groups make up an amino acid?

the acid group, the amino group, and the R group

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