History 10- James Madison, War of 1812

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james madison

president during the war of 1812

reduced army/navy, famous war generals dead, not prepared, federalists oppose

what are the problems with going to war against the british?

impressment, disruption of trade, aiding native americans

what are the grievances of james madison's war message to congress?

part 1 of the war of 1812

invasion of canada, pushed out very quickly, forts are taken from the US

dearborn, machinaw, and detroit

what forts were taken by the canadians during the invasion of canada?

uss consitution (old iron sides)

one of the few naval vessels that the US owned, won many one-on-one battles

privateers

private merchants that use their own ships to raid the enemy, not part of the army

york, burn it down

when the US finally pushes the canadians back, what city do they go to and what do they do?

admiral cochrane

overall naval commander of the british

admiral coburn

2nd in command of the navy for the british

the napoleonic wars end

what happens to give the british an advantage in 1814?

john armstrong

convinced british will not attack washington d.c.; secretary of war, protects the capital, inaffective

500

`how many troops are sent to defend washington?

william winder

chosen to lead the protection of washington and baltimore, innexperienced

robert ross

led the british land force

benedict, maryland

place where the british started their march to washington

battle of bladensburg

US battles with british, complete failure and disaster, US troops run and flee

dolly madison

stayed in the white house during the british raid and protected valuable items like the painting of washington

all of the important buildings except the post office

what do the british burn down in washington?

a big storm hits and prevents the british from going to baltimore

what happens during the burning of the buildings in washington?

the storm

what caused more british casualties, the storm or the battle of bladensburg?

since the bitish have to go back to benedict, maryland, it gives the US time

how does the storm help the US?

fort mchenry

key to the defense of baltimore

armisted

commanding officer of fort mchenry

sam smith

replaced winder as commander of ground troops for the US

francis scott key

american lawyer who wrote the star-spangled banner

northpoint

ross vs smith, US looses and retreats

ross was killed by a sniper

what is the major event at northpoint?

arthur brooke

takes control after ross dies

hampstead hill

US stopped the british attack at this place

treaty of ghent

said nothing about anything, except to return to the way it used to be, status quo

battle of new orleans

andrew jackson denfends here, made jackson a hero

hartford convention

meeting of federalists to discuss amendments or seccession

geographically unifies the country, second bank, and protective tarrif

what was part of the american system?

clay and madison

who writes the american system?

internal improvements, national road, erie canal

what was part of geograhpically unifying the country?

protective tarrif

protects american businesses, makes foreign companies raise prices so people would buy the items sold by american companies because they were less

rush-bagot treaty

demiliterized the great lakes, necessary to prevent war and try to keep peace

adams-onis treaty

treaty with spain, florida is given to the US

"era of good feeling"

what was james madison's presidency called?

monroe doctrine

said that europe or anyone else in the eastern hemisphere cannot have new colonization in the western hemisphere

john quincy adams

who wrote the monroe doctrine?

he creates an amendment that said if missouri wants to become a state, they have to give up their slaves

when missouri wants to become a state, what does tallmadge do?

henry clay

who helps authorize the missouri compromise?

missouri enters as a slave state, maine enters as a free state, sets the 36 th and 30 parallel

what are the 3 parts of the missouri compromise?

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