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Rich nations are now in debt to low-income nations because of the amount of raw material that they buy.

False

The poorest 20 percent of the world's people live on just 2 percent of the world's income.

True

Although Africa is a poor region of the world, people live almost as long as in the United States.

False

Approximately how many people in the world die each year due to starvation?

9 million

André Gunder Frank states that poor nations

were "underdeveloped," or made poor by rich nations.

Critics say that dependency theory wrongly treats wealth as a zero-sum, ignoring how the world has become much richer over time.

True

In 2011, how many nations were there in the world?

195

Japan and Australia are examples of middle-income nations.

False

According to Immanuel Wallerstein's theory of global capitalism, which nations are at the "core" of the world economy?

high-income nations

Over the course of the last century, the extent of global economic inequality has

increased

Dependency theory claims that the widespread poverty in low-income countries has little to do with great affluence in high-income countries.

False

In low-income nations, inequality between men and women is greater than it is in high-income countries.

True

The richest 20 percent of the world's people receive 50 percent of the entire world's income.

False

According to Anti-Slavery International, about how many men, women, and children live today in conditions that amount to slavery?

200 million

Modernization theory claims that rich nations can and do help solve the world's poverty problem.

True

The region in the world with the greatest number of poor "street children" is Latin America.

True

With regard to the role of rich nations, dependency theory

claims rich nations are to blame for global poverty.

The former Soviet Union and the nations of Eastern Europe are low-income countries.

False

Modernization theory claims that

the main causes of poverty involve culture and technology.

According to Walt Rostow, nations begin at the _____ stage of development and may eventually reach the stage of _____.

traditional; high mass consumption

From a global perspective, economic productivity is lowest in precisely the regions where

population increase is highest.

Absolute poverty is

life-threatening

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