Ch 20

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APUSH test based on the American Pageant 14th edition chapter 20

The only major Northern industry that suffered economic reversal during the Civil War was

foreign shipping

During the Civil War, women in the North

had new opportunities opened to them in industry

The problems that Abe Lincoln experienced as president were less prostrating than those experienced by Jefferson Davis partly because the North

had a long-established and fully recognized government

As president of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis did not exercise the arbitrary power wielded by Lincoln because

of the South's emphasis on states' rights

To fill the army's demand for troops, the North relied mainly on

volunteers

The Union's establishment of the National Banking System

was the first significant step toward a unified banking network since 1836

During the Civil War, the Union

launched a new national banking system

As a result of the Civil War, the Northern economy

emerged more prosperous than ever before

The confederacy's most effective commerce-raider was the

Alabama

Napoleon III's attempt to install Maximilian on the Mexican throne was a clear violation

of the Monroe Doctrine

France abandoned its attempt to control Mexico

because the United States threatened to send soldiers to force France to leave

During the Civil War

relations between the union and Canada were at times very poor

The Southern cause was weakened by

the concept of states' rights that the Confederacy professed

As leader of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis

defied rather than led public opinion

One reason that the British did not try to break the Union blockade of the South during the Civil War was that

they feared losing Northern grain shipment

The South believed that the British would come to its aid because

Britain was dependent on Southern cotton

During the Civil War, Britain and the United States were nearly provoked into war by

The Trent affair, involving the removal of southern diplomats from a british ship

During the Civil War, diplomacy for the Union and the Confederacy

was critical for both

confederate commerce-raiders such as the Alabama

proved effective against union shipping

The greatest weakness of the South during the Civil War was its

economy

The North's greatest strength in the Civil War was its

economy

Much of the hunger experienced by Confederate soldiers in the Civil War was due to

the South's rickety transportation system

Northern soldiers eventually became known for their

disicpline and determination

To find effective high-level commanders, the Union

used trial and error

A supposed asset for the South at the beginning of the Civil War that never materialized to its real advantage was

intervention from Britain and France

The border states offered all of the following advantages except

shipbuilding facilites

Lincoln's declaration that the North sought to preserve the Union with or without slavery

revealed the influence of the border states on his policies

During the Civil War, most of the Five Civilized Tribes in the Indian Territory of present-day Oklahoma

supported the Confederacy

In return for support from the Plains Indians during the Civil War, the Union

waged war on them and herded them onto reservations

To achieve its independence, the confederacy had to

fight the invading Union army to a draw

As the Civil War began, the South seemed to have the advantage of

more talented military leaders

European powers favored a civil war in the United States because

war would weaken the United States' power in the western hemisphere

President Lincoln's decision on what to do about the situation at Fort Sumter in the first weeks of his administration can best be characterized as

cautious

Confederate batteries fired on Fort Sumter when it was learned that

Lincoln had ordered supplies sent to the fort

Many Northerners were willing to allow southern states to leave the union until

the south attacked fort sumter

In order to persuade the Border States to remain in the Union, President Lincoln

declared martial law where needed

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