Middle East

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33 terms · Middle East Review

Koran

Book of Islam

Miraj

The journey Muhammad took for enlightment

Hegira

the flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622 which marked the beginning of the Muslim era

Khadija

Muhammad's Wife

Abu Talib

Muhammad's Uncle

Ka'aba

(Islam) a black stone building in Mecca that is shaped like a cube and that is the most sacred Muslim pilgrim shrine

Mosque

Muslim house of worship

Arabic

The Language

Jihad

Holywar

5 Pillars

5 main rules that a Muslim must follow and live by

Shahda

"there is no god except God. Muhammad is the messenger of God"

Zakat

charity

Salat

the second pillar of Islam is prayer

Swam

Fasting

Hajj

the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Qadah

Sharia

Muslim law

Abbasid

The dynasty that came after the Umayyads. Devoted their energy to trade, scholorship, and the arts.

Ummayad

Ummayad Caliphs ruled from AD 661-AD 750, Damascus in Syria was their capital

Abd al Rahman

the one person who escaped Abdullah's deadly dinner and fled to Spain to become the leader of the Spanish Ummayads and make Cordoba his capital

Al Andalus

a muslim state

Reconquista

The effort by Christian leaders to drive the Muslims out of Spain, lasting from the 1100s until 1492.

1492

Not only does Columbus sails the ocean blue, Ferdinand and Isabella end the Reconquista as well

Battle of Tours

732, battle that stoppped Muslim invsion

Pope Ubran II

pope who called for the first crusades to reclaim jersulam form the musliums

The Crusades

A "holy war" that was issued by Pope Urban II so that they would be able to gain control of the Holy Land

Saladin

The leader of the Muslims in the third crusade and captured Jerusalem in 1187.

Osman

most successful warrior and "founder" of Ottomans

Mehmet II

7th sultan ruler of the Ottoman Empire, captured Constantinople (Istanbul) (The Byzantine Empire)

Suleiman the Lawgiver

created a law code and extended the ottoman empire to the balkans, the middle east, and northern africa

1453

Ottomans capture Constantinople

The Ottomans

Turkish Empire following the collapse of the Byzantine Empire. Longest running empire in the history of the Anatolian Peninsula (1258-1918).

People of The Book

Other Religons

Convivencia

life together of different religons

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