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Lab Quiz 8: The Urinary System

Fibrous Capsule

Outermost part of the kidney

Urinary Bladder

Storage organ of the urinary system

Renal Vein

Takes blood from the kidney

Arcuate Arteries

Separates the renal cortex from the medulla

Minor Calyx

Receives urine from the renal papilla

Major Calyx

Leads directly to the renal pelvis

The _____ is found between the kidney and the urinary bladder.

Ureter

The _____ is the terminal part of the nephron.

Distal Convoluted Tubule (DCT)

Filtration occurs at the _____ part of the nephron.

Renal Corpuscle

What is the outer region of the kidney called that contains glomeruli?

Cortex

Describe the kidneys with regard to their position to the parietal peritoneum.

Kidneys are retroperitoneal

What takes urine from the bladder to the exterior of the body?

Urethra

What blood vessel takes blood to the kidney?

Renal Vein

On the posterior bladder is a triangular region. What is it called?

Trigone

Distal convoluted tubules flow directly into what structures?

Collecting ducts

What is a renal papilla?

The tip of the renal pyramid where the collecting ducts drip urine into the minor calyx

Name the protective capsule that covers a kidney.

Fibrous Capsule

Blood in the glomerulus next flows to what arteriole?

Efferent Arteriole

What shows greater anatomical difference between the sexes: ureters, urinary bladder, or urethra?

Urethra

Blood in an arcuate vein would next flow into what structure?

Interlobular vein

What histological feature distinguishes a proximal convoluted tubule from a distal convoluted tubule?

PCT has a microvilli called a brush border

Name the parts of the nephron.

Renal corpuscle, PCT, Nephron loop, and DCT

What type of cell lines the bladder?

Transitional Epithelial Cells

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