Results of European voyages of exploration in the 15th century
Native Americans came under domination, Africans removed from their homeland, Europeans dominated global politics
Contributing factors of the Age of Exploration
Spread of Christianity, search for gold, establish new trade routes
A negative result of European exploration of the Americas
spread of disease
What two European nations agreed to divide the New World of North and South America between them in 1494?
Spain and Portugal
Three European nations that led the Age of Exploration
Spain, Portugal, England
The forced migration of Africans to the New World was along the
The primary Spanish interest in the New World
The "rebirth" of European culture after the Middle Ages was called the
Famous Renaissance artists
Leonardo da Vinci, Shakespeare, Michelangelo, Dante
What branch of Christianity came out of the Reformation?
A German monk and professor at the University of Wittenberg who nailed his Ninety-five Theses (or "beliefs") to the door of the Wittenberg Cathedral.
Most important Renaissance invention
The Renaissance began in this Italian city
The sale of indulgences
individuals could buy forgiveness
selling church offices to the highest bidder
a church court, to investigate charges of heresy
the act of questioning or denying the established church teaching
Remembered for translating the bible from Latin into English
Burned at the stake, for among other things, espousing beliefs in allowing people to read the bible for themselves
Believed in predestination and the idea that only grace and not works could save a person.
Believed people should be allowed to interpret the bible for themselves
Abuses of the Catholic Church
The sales of indulgences, the practice of simony, the Inquisition, the corrupt clergy
Queen Elizabeth I
One of England's greatest monarchs, ruled during the "Golden Age."
The Spanish Armada
the Spanish navy defeated by the English navy