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Restating and clarifying what another person says is central to

active listening.

Professor Bensfield emphasizes that recovery from bipolar disorder involves a continuous interplay among patients' physical reactions to mood-stabilizing drugs, their positive expectations that their lives will improve, and the supportive responses of patients' families and friends. The professor's emphasis best illustrates a(n) ________ approach to therapy.

biopsychosocial

Selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors are frequently prescribed for the treatment of

depression.

Generalized anxiety disorder is ________ common among men than women and ________ common among younger adults than older adults.

less; more

Xanax would most likely be prescribed in order to help

Jerome overcome feelings of nervous apprehension and an inability to relax.

Deep-brain stimulation involves the implantation of ________ into the brain.

electrodes

DSM-IV-TR focuses on clinicians' reports of observable behavior in order to

facilitate the reliability of diagnoses.

Gaining relief from negative thoughts through the distraction of pain is one of the motives for

non-suicidal self-injury.

Chlorpromazine is an antipsychotic drug that reduces paranoia and hallucinations by

dampening responsiveness to irrelevant stimuli.

Melissa suffers from auditory hallucinations and falsely believes that her former high school teachers are trying to kill her. Melissa's symptoms are most likely to be relieved by ________ drugs.

antipsychotic

DSM-IV-TR is most likely to be criticized for

classifying an excessively broad range of human behaviors as psychologically disordered.

Which of the following disorders is characterized by the most sudden and unpredictable episodes of distress?

panic disorder

Who developed the surgical procedure known as lobotomy?

Egas Moniz

Compulsive hand washing often increases in frequency because it relieves feelings of anxiety. This best illustrates the impact of ________ on compulsive behaviors.

reinforcement

A central therapeutic technique of psychoanalysis is

free association.

Carl Rogers referred to a caring, nonjudgmental attitude as

unconditional positive regard.

A World Health Organization study of 14 countries estimated that ________ had the highest prevalence of mental disorders during the prior year.

the United States

An important component of psychoanalysis is

dream analysis.

Unlike psychodynamic therapists, humanistic therapists tend to focus on the ________ more than the ________.

present; past

Psychodynamic therapies try to understand patients' current symptoms by focusing on recurring patterns in their

interpersonal relationships.

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