AP Psychology- Chapter 11: Intelligence

29 terms by marilynlapu96 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

intelligence

mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations

factor analysis

a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items (called factors) on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie one's total score

general intelligence (g)

a general intelligence factor that according to Spearman and others underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test

savant syndrome

a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill, such as in computation or drawing

analytical (academic problem-solving) intelligence

according to Sternberg, a type of intelligence that is assessed by intelligence tests, which present well-defined problems having a single right answer

creative intelligence

according to Sternberg, a type of intelligence that is demonstrated in reacting adaptively to novel situations and generating novel ideas

practical intelligence

according to Sternberg, a type of intelligence that is often required for everyday tasks, which are frequently ill-defined, with multiple solutions

Spearman's general intelligence (g)

intelligence theory that a basic intelligence predicts our abilities in varied academic subjects

Thurstone's primary mental abilities

intelligence theory that our intelligence may be broken down into 7 factors: word fluency, verbal comprehension, spatial ability, perceptual speed, numerical ability, inductive reasoning, and memory

Gardner's multiple intelligences

intelligence theory that our abilities are best classified into 8 independent intelligences, which include a broad range of skills beyond traditional school smarts

Sternberg's triarchic

intelligence theory that our intelligence is best classified into 3 areas that predict our real-world success: analytical, creative, and practical

emotional intelligence

the ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions

intelligence test

a method of assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and comparing them with those of others, using numerical scores

mental age

a measure of intelligence test performance devised by Binet; the chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performance

Stanford-Binet

the widely used American revision of Binet's original intelligence test

intelligence quotient (IQ)

defined originally as the ratio of mental age (ma) to chronological age (ca) multiplied by 100; on contemporary intelligence tests, the average performance for a given age is assigned a score of 100

aptitude test

a test designed to predict a person's future performance

achievement test

a test designed to assess what a person has learned

WAIS (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale)

the most widely used intelligence test; contains verbal and performance subtests

standardization

defining meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretested standardization group

normal curve

the symmetrical bell-shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes

reliability

the extent to which a test yields consistent results, as assessed by the consistency of scores on two halves of the test, on alternate forms of the test, or on retesting

validity

the extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to

content validity

the extent to which a test samples the behavior that is of interest (such as a driving test that samples driving tasks)

criterion

the behavior (such as future college grades) that a test (such as the SAT) is designed to predict; thus the measure used in defining whether the test has predictive validity

predictive validity

the success with which a test predicts the behavior it is designed to predict; it is assessed by computing the correlation between test scores and criterion behavior

mental retardation

a condition of limited mental ability, indicated by an intelligence score of 70 or below and difficulty in adapting to the demands of life; varies from mild to profound

Down syndrome

a condition of retardation and associated physical disorders caused by an extra chromosome in one's genetic makeup

stereotype threat

a self-confirming concern that one will be evaluated based on a negative stereotype

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set