HUMN 101 Final

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Described man as the " maker and molder of himself"

Mirandola

Humanism always begins with_____ and ends with____

introspection/projection

The Renaissance can be defined as a great cultural movement that produced what?

artistic transformation/ scientific revolution

The Renaissance is described as the ____ of the modern age

portal

This Renaissance painter depicted himself looking like Christ

Durer

Which Renaissance artist that we studied painted a sweeping depiction of the great figures of classical civilization?

Raphael

This Renaissance painter flattered his patrons by putting them in a biblical scene

Botticelli

European culture in the 17th century in Europe is best characterized by...

period of conflict

What does the phrase "idols of the cave" refer to?

individual biases

The name Galileo is best associated with what period?

1550-1770

What does the phrase "idols of the marketplace" refer to?

ambiguities of language

Which Enlightenment figure had the greatest influence on how the institutions of modern western culture have developed?

Rousseau

Rousseau is best known for his theories on which subjects?

politics, education, society

realism in nineteenth-century art can be understood as a reaction to what movement?

romanticism

What is an important background to the emphasis on "realism" and "materialism" in nineteenth- century culture?

industrialization

What is most closely connected to the Crystal Palace?

the output of factories

What word best describes the response of writers and artists to the aftermath of the Great War?

fragmentation

Which word best captures the mood of western culture at the dawning of the 20th century?

optimism

T/F Michelangelo's "The Birth of Adam" is part of the vast ceiling painting in the Sistine Chapel.

True

T/F Mirandola's interpretation of why God created Adam is basically correct from a biblical perspective

False

T/F Artists and philosophers during the Italian Renaissance understood clearly that one cannot be both a "Christian" and a "humanist" at the same time.

False

T/F The greatest works of Renaissance art come from the period of the High Renaissance (1475 to 1525)

True

T/F Atmospheric perspective demonstrates how the eye sees distant objects

True

T/F In his sculpture of Moses, Michelangelo tried to capture the "dramatic moment" when Moses confronted Pharaoh in Egypt

False

T/F The newness of classical themes was one of the things that attracted Renaissance painters.

True

T/F We see numerous examples of portrait painting among the artists of the Middle Ages

False

T/F Railroad tracks illustrate the optical illusion known as linear perspective

True

T/F The Reformation was essentially a distinct movement with little connection to Renaissance culture

False

T/F Martin Luther was converted as he taught through the Book of Genesis

False

T/F One of the key ideas of the Reformation is summed up in the phrase "sola scriptura"

True

T/F The Renaissance in northern Europe was more secular and humanistic that the Renaissance in Italy.

False

T/F The concept of individuality emerges both in the northern Renaissance and the Italian Renaissance

True

T/F Probably the most important figure of the Reformation was John Wycliffe

False

T/F In England during the Reformation, the break with the Catholic Church was motivated by political reasons

True

T/F Shakespeare provides a good example of the emergence of the modern concept of the individual in the northern Renaissance

True

T/F In principle, Martin Luther did not object to the sale of "indulgences" by the Catholic Church

False

T/F The cultural values of thrift, industry, and hard work are directly relate to the Protestant Reformation

True

T/F The Scientific Revolution helped bring about a new way of looking at the world in purely material terms

True

T/F You try three oranges out of a bag of ten and all three are sour. You conclude, therefore, that the rest of the oranges are also sour. You have just reasoned inductively.

True

T/F The textbook suggests that the seventeenth-century is one of the easier centuries for us to understand and analyze

False

T/F During the modern age, the "new science" has developed from a method of scientific inquiry into an entire philosophy of life

True

T/F The word "empiricism" refers to knowledge gained from authority and tradition

False

T/F Voltaire's philosophy is expressed by his most famous quote, namely that "Man is born free"

False

T/F Modern political liberalism shares its underlying view of man with the philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

True

T/F The Enligtenment philosophers had a high regard for the truth of religion.

False

T/F The Enlightenment Philosophers believed that mankind was capable of social perfection

True

T/F Voltaire was a great Frence writer and intellectual who defended Christianity against the attacks of skeptics and rationalists

False

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