Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Classical style flourished in music during the years of...

1750-1820

Joseph Haydn was content to spend most of his life...

serving as a wealthy aristocratic family

short musical ideals or fragments of themes that are developed within a composition are called:

motives

each successive variation in "Theme and Variations" form:

is usually in a new key

the "Minuet" first appeared around 1650...

as a dance at the court of Louis XIV of France

a typical sequence of movements in a classical concerto is...

fast, slow, fast

the classical concerto differs from the symphony in that it does not have a ____ movement.

Minuet or Scherzo

In the first movement and sometimes in the last movement of a classical concerto there is a special unaccompanied showpiece for the soloist, also called the...

cadenza

A major factor that distinguishes chamber music from the symphony or concerto is that chamber music...

is performed by one player on each part

the usual sequence of movements in a classical string quartet is:

fast, slow, dancelike, fast

Haydn was a prolific composer, as demonstrated in part by his 68 string quartets and 104 _____

symphonies

the musical heir of Haydn and Mozart, Beethoven bridged the _____ and _____ musical eras.

Classical, Romantic

the "coda" or ending is...

often expanded and serves to develop melodic themes further

(TF) composers in the classical period tended to continue to use terraced dynamics in their compositions.

False

(TF) The basso continuo was gradually abandoned during the classical period.

True

(TF) Political and economic power shifted during the classical period from the artistrocracy and the church to the middle class.

True

Joseph Haydn's contract of employment shows that he was considered and equal by his employer.

False

(TF) In the classical period, serious compositions were flavored by folk and popular music.

True

(TF) The third movement of Haydn's "Surprise Symphony" is in "theme and variations" form

False

(TF) In most classical symphonies, each movement is a self-contained composition with it's own set of melodies.

True

(TF) The piano trio is a musical composition for three pianos.

False

Haydn's position at Esterhaz Palace was that of a highly skilled servant.

True

Music can be defined as

An art based on the organization of sounds in time

the four main properties of musical sounds are pitch, dynamics, tone color, and _____.

duration

in general, the smaller the the vibrating element, the ___ its pitch.

higher

if a pitch vibrates at 880 cycles, the octave below would vibrate at _______.

440 cycles

a gradual decrease in loudness is known as a:

diminuendo

register refers to...

part of an instrument's total range

the organization of beats into regular groupings is called...

meter

western music uses _____ letters of the alphabet to indicate pitch:

the first seven

a melody may be defined as:

a series of single notes that add up to a recognizable whole

a progression is...

a series of chords

consonance

considered stable and restful

dissonance

considered unstable and tense

monophonic texture

a single melodic line without accompaniment

polyphonic texture

two or more melodies of relatively equal interests performed simultaneously

homophonic texture

one main melody accompanied by chords

When some features of a musical idea are changed, but others are retained, the technique is referred to as:

variation

A musical statement followed by a contrasting statement and then a return of the original statement would be called:

ternary form

the two giants or baroque composition were George Fredrick Handel and:

Johann Sebastian Bach

The Baroque style flourished in music during the period:

1600-1750

Affections in Baroque usage refers to:

emotional states or moods of music

the position of the composer during the baroque period was that of:

a high-class servant with few personal rights

to get a job, a musician had to:

pass a difficult examination

the large group of players in a concerto grosso is known as the

orchestra

the first and last movements of the concerto gtosso are often in ____ form.

ritornello

the text, or book, of a musical dramatic work is called:

libretto

an _____ is an orchestral composition performed before the curtain rises on a dramatic musical work.

overture

the earliest opera that has been preserved in Jacob Peri's:

Euridice

The first opera house in Europe to offer entry to anyone without the price of admission opened in 1637 in...

Venice

the stage machinery of Baroque opera:

border on the colossal

a song for solo voice in an opera with orchestral accompaniment is called:

aria

speechlike melody accompanied only be a basso continuo is called:

secco reciative

Oratorios were based on

stories from the bible

oratorio differs from opera in that it has no

acting, scenery, or costumes

the sonata in the baroque period was a composition in several movements for:

one to eight instruments

baroque trio sonatas usually involve ____ performers

four

Baroque suites frequently begin with a:

French Overture

in Bach's day, the Lutheran church service lasted about _____ hours.

four

Bach created masterpieces in every Baroque form except the

Opera

Handel spent the major portion of his life in:

England

Program music is:

Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, odea, or scene

The orchestra in the romantic period:

was larger and more varied in tone color than the classical orchestra

the slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo in music is known as:

rubato

an art song is a musical composition for:

solo voice and piano

the word _______ is commonly used for a Romantic Art Song with a German text

lied

when the same music is repeated for each stanza of a poem the form is known as:

strophic

when a composer writes new music for each stanza of a poem the form is known as:

through-composed

Chopin expressed his love of Poland by composing "Polonaises" and ______

mazurkas

a study piece, designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, is known as...

etude

Program music found its most varied expression in coloristic resources of the...

Romantic orchestra

Absolute music is also known as

non-program music

the writer whose works had the greatest impact upon the young Berloiz was:

William Shakespeare

During the 1840's, Liszt toured Europe as a virtuoso

pianist

Tchaikovsky:

Began to study music theory at the age of twenty-nine

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set