Chapter 9

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Compared with those who perceive an external locus of control, people who perceive an internal locus of control are more likely to

cope effectively with stress

Ego is to id as ________ is to ________

reality principle; pleasure principle

Janine is repulsed by the thought of watching a pornographic video. Freud would have attributed these feelings to Janine's

Superego

Projective tests are most closely associated with the ________ perspective.

Psychoanalysis

A person who is careless and disorganized most clearly ranks low on the Big Five trait dimension of

conscientiousness

The perception that your fate is determined by luck reflects

an external locus of control

Freud suggested that slips of the tongue illustrate an incomplete

repression

Which neo-Freudian theorist emphasized the influence of the collective unconscious in personality development?

Jung

Carl Rogers referred to an attitude of total acceptance toward another person as

unconditional positive regard

Freud suggested that the id's pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct pleasure-sensitive areas of the body known as

Erogenous zones

According to Freud, boys are most likely to experience the Oedipus complex during the ________ stage.

phallic

According to Bandura, reciprocal determinism involves multidirectional influences among

behaviors, internal personal factors, and environmental events.

People who score high on the Big Five trait dimension known as ________ are also more likely to earn better high school and university grades.

conscientiousness

Self-actualized people, as described by Maslow, are LEAST likely to be highly

conforming

A consistent tendency to be shy is best described as a(n)

trait

Which of the following personality inventories did we take in class?

NEO-PI

Coretta is quiet, pessimistic, anxious, and moody. In terms of the Eysencks' basic personality dimensions she would be classified as

unstable-introverted

Mrs. Smith, who is White and unconsciously in favor of racial segregation, tells her friends that most Blacks prefer to live in residential neighborhoods inhabited predominantly by Blacks. According to psychoanalytic theory, Mrs. Smith best illustrates

projection

According to Freud, defense mechanisms are used by the

ego to prevent threatening impulses from being consciously recognized.

Learned helplessness is MOST likely to be associated with

an external locus of control

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