French Revolution

49 terms by Wentzinator 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

French Revolution

"Old Regime"

the political and social system that existed in France before the French Revolution

"The Mountain"

This was a political party within the National Convention named because the people that made up this party sat on the highest benches in the assembly hall. These people were the activists within the Convention. The Mountain worried that the Girondists would become conservative because of their already moderate beliefs. Although they were in competition with each other, the Mountain eventually won due to their alliance with the Sans-Culottes, resulting in a more radical group of people. The mountains believed in equal outcome.

Alexander I (of Russia)

sided with Napoleon against the British

Bicameral

composed of two legislative bodies

Bourgesoisie

talented, educated, skilled middle class men. some want to participate in government but cannot because they are not born into nobility

Charlotte Corday

assassinated Jean-Paul Marat b/c she is convinced that the Jacobins are destroying France

Civil Code/Napoleonic Code

cancels the ''birth'' factor of jobs(just b/c you weren't born in 1st class doesn't mean you can't run for office anymore)

Committee of Public Safety

12 members, led by Robespierre; 2 primary duties: 1. defend France from those who would seek to stop the revolution.. 2. create a ''republic of virtue''

Commune

community of people living together, sharing everything

Conscription (Draft)

required enrollment into the military

conservative

a person who believes government power, particularly in the economy, should be limited in order to maximize individual freedom

Consulate

Form of government which followed the directory -established by Napoleon-ended when Napoleon was crowned emperor.

Consulate

Form of government which followed the directory -established by Napoleon-ended when Napoleon was crowned emperor.

Continental system

Napoleon's policy of preventing trade between Great Britain and continental Europe, intended to destroy Great Britain's economy.

Coup d'etat

seizure of power by force

Declaration of Pillnitz

the promise by Austria and Prussia to protect the French monarchy

Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

states the general belief of how France should treat its people-similar to our declaration.

Dictatorship

form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority

Directory

5 co directors

Electors

members of a party chosen in each state to formally elect the president and vice president

Estates-General

The French national assembly summoned in 1789 to remedy the financial crisis and correct abuses of the ancien regime.

George Jacques Danton

leader of the Jacobins and charges

Girondists

willing to accept Louis as a constitutional monarch

The Great Fear

a vast panic that spread quickly through France in 1789; peasant rebellions bacame part of the Great Fear; citizens, fearing invasion by foreign troops that would support the French monarchy, formed militias

Guillotine

a new type of killing system created by Dr.Guillotine, nothing has turned around for them so this is what they turned too

Jacobins

don't think they need any type of government at all; they want Louis dead

Jean Paul Marat

spread word that EVERY possible thing that could go wrong was Louis fault. National assembly wants him to shut up, so he hid in the sewers and developed nasty skin condition

Liberal

having political or social views favoring reform and progress

Louis XIV

Built many cultural aspects, very famous for Versailles. Part of the Bourbon family...ladies man

Louis XV

Louis XIV's grandson, remembered for being a very lazy king. Got france involved in many religious wars, he ran the country dry from the lavish lifestyle he was living

Louis XVI

inherits the country on the verge of it collapsing; VERY POOR KING-did not do his job; had no interest in anything political, would have rather been a locksmith. married Marie Antionette at a very young age

Louis XVIII

brought France back to rule

M. Robespierre

"man that can do no wrong" "incorruptible", incredible speaking skills, most virtuous man alive, drove the revolution off the cliff. after passed was questioned to be mentally ill

Marie Antoinette

King Louis' wife, austrian, loathed by the country. very oblivious. "Hamlet of Marie Antionette"

Moderates/"Plain"

didn't have a side, could be either Jacobin or Girondist

Napoleon Bonaparte

ruler of france from 1799-1815; made many promises to France that he would fix all their problems, almost like a dictatorship. he takes advantage of the open slot for a leader that France has

National Assembly

French Revolutionary assembly (1789-1791). Called first as the Estates General, the three estates came together and demanded radical change. It passed the Declaration of the Rights of Man in 1789. (p. 585)

National Convention

The meeting of party delegates every four years to choose a presidential ticket and write the party's platform.

Olympe de Gouge

wrote the "Rights of Women and the Citizen"

Plebescite

Expression of the people's will by direct ballot

Radical

favoring extreme changes, especially in politics and government

Reactionaries

Extremists who oppose a change and want to turn the clock back to the time before certain changes occurred

Reign of Terror

July 1793-1794; neighbor turns on neighbor; anything said turns against oneself and usually ends up getting them guillotined. most people killed were from the 3rd estate

Sans-culottes

in the French Revolution, a radical group made up of Parisian wage-earners, and small shopkeepers who wanted a greater voice in government, lower prices, and an end of food shortages

slogan of french rev.

liberty, equality, fraternity

Storming of Bastille

officially (violently) marks the beginning of the French revolution

Taille

land tax on peasants/second class (anybody but 1st class)

Tennis Court Oath

Delegates of the third estate made an oath not to disband until the National Assembly had drafted a constitution

Unicameral

composed of one legislative body

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set