Council of Trent

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Dates for the Council of Trent

1545-1563

Three purposes of the Council of Trent

1. to bring back Protestants to the Church
2. to state Catholic teaching clearly
3. to address the issue of abuses in the Church

Pope who called the 1st session of the Council of Trent

Pope Paul III

Transubstantiation means

the bread and wine are substantially changed at the Consecration of the Mass to become the Body and Blood of Christ, although the appearance remains the same

Breviary

book of prayers of the Liturgy of the Hours

Missal

book of instructions and prayers for Mass

Catechism

book that contains the teachings of the Catholic Church

Magisterium

teaching body of the Church, made up of bishops with the Pope, who retain the Traditions of the Church

Tradition

what is revealed by God, that is not specifically stated in Scripture

Sola Fide

Belief that faith in God alone gives salvation

Grace

God's free and unmerited gift of his love to us

sanctifying grace

grace given to us through the sacraments

actual grace

grace given to us directly for help in our daily lives

Areas of work of the Council of Trent

discipline, doctrine and devotion

Number of Sacraments declared by the Council of Trent

Seven

Official canon of Scriptures for Catholics

the Vulgate

Areas of devotion addressed by the Church

1. devotion to Mary
2. Devotion in the Mass to the Eucharist
3. Devotion to personal prayer
4. spiritual direction for growth in holiness
5. the beauty of the Church as a means of deepening faith

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