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quizzes 9-15

The most important advances in industrialization in the U.S.___

Last 1/3 of the nineteenth centruy.

The development of the nation railway system.

led to an integrated national railway system.

The most importan figure in American finance

J.P. Morgan

First billion dollar company

U.S. Steel

The first modern Trust

Standard oil

Two most importan developments of the nineteenth century

The telephone and the lightbulb

The development of brand names, chain stores, and mail order houses

provided convenience and standardization

Unlike the knights of Labor, the american federation of labor

emphasized economic goals for workers

Which of the following was NOT a factor in American industrial development.

Industrialization of the south after civil war

What does it mean to say some professions became femonized during the late 1800's

As more women took jobs in certain field, women left them and this lowered the status of these professions.

What was the result of the Haymaker riots

It weakened the national labor movement.

what was the result of the homestead strike.

It bought national attention to the cost of industrialization

The rise of cities and industry

caused changes in all segments of the American society.

Building the new Skyscrapers depended on

Steel and Glass.

The victorian code of morality

strict standards of behavior should be followed.

A founder of the national womens suffrage association was

Susan B. Anthony

A major difference between northern and southern schools was that

fewer southern states had compulsory attendance laws.

Booker T. Washington

believed that self-help was the best plan for African Americans

W.E.B. Du Bois

believed educational advancement was the key to success

What was a result of Jim Crow laws?

racial segregation across the South

Why did reformers turn their attention to prohibiting the sale of alcohol

They believed that drunkenness was the cause of many social evils.

Social Gospel was

a religious philosophy that addressed both spiritual and social concerns .

What was the result of Plessy v. Ferguson

Segregation of schools and public transportation deemed legal.

Why were many women part of the settlement house reform movement.

It was one of the few places in the American society in which they could use their talents

How did the role of children in American society change in the late nineteenth century

Children were viewed less as little adults

Lincoln Steffens did much of his researhc and writing about____

corruption in city government

What theory did Henry Ford use to derive his companys enormous revenues?

Sell large volume goods with a small unit profit

Which disaster forced states and national attention to working condition in factories and stores

Triangle Shirtwaist fire

The orginization that led the firght for equal rights blacks was__

NAACP

The violence found in ___ established NCAA

football

The Ashcan school of artist

tried to reflect the reality of urban life.

How did industrialization change as it moved into the twentieth century

Businesses grew larger and more automated, which effected both workers and production

Henry ford and assembly

Ford improved on the meat packing industry's design

Frederick Taylors management methods

Workers had to meet specific work standards, which often led to high pay for doing monotonous jobs

What methods were used by unions to achieve their goals

Strikes, leading to negotations

In the early 1900's why did the middle class have a strong effect on production

The growing middle class had influence as consumers of mass-produced goods

The muckrackers and progressives disagreed on what to reform first and how to do it but NOT on

The need for reform

How did mexican immigration in the early 1900's contribute to the change in the SW

Many became unskilled workers

18th Amendment

prohibition

19th Amendment

women's suffrage

To progressives, the comissions they championed offered a way to___

end the corrupt alliance between business and politics

The supreme court's decision in the Northern Securities case

paved the way for several anti-trust actions

Upton sinclairs, The Jungle led to the passage of__

Meat inspection act

Woodrow Wilsons new Freedom called for___

Business competition and small government

in 1912 Roosevelts new nationalism

demanded a stronger role for the executive office

The most important domestic law passed during Wilson's administration was the

Federal Reserve Act

In the final analysis, Wilsons domestic programs indicated____

a blending of the two competing doctrines of progressivism

How did social reform during the early 1900's differ from the reforms of previous eras

During previous eras social refrom had been more simplistic and directed to one particular problem during the early 1900's reformers saw problems as complex and interrelated

How did city governments become more like business during the early 1900's

The created systems of managers supported by experts, stressing continuity and results

What is NOT true about progressives

They sought to eliminate large corporations and businesses

What gave the U.S. the right to intervene in Latin America?

Roosevelt Corollary

Taft's policy of dollar diplomacy

used economic means to increase American influence worldwide

The Zimmerman Telegram____.

propsed an alliance between Germany and Mexico

As a result in their war efforts African Americans'

were more and more inclined to fight discrimination

What best describes Wilsons success in promoting the League of nations

was offset by problems in other industries, such as railroads

The______ exemplified the flowering of African American Culte of the 20's

Harlem Renaissance

The immigration legislation of the 1920's

was the most enduring achievement of the rural counterattack

John scopes was put on trial for

teaching evolution in a Tennessee HS

What was the significance of Fords Highland Park Plant

It marked the maturity of mass production in Merica'

In what way can Jazz age Activities be seen as an effect of the economic growth period

Increased standards of living prohibited the middle class with disposable income to spend on and increasing variety of things

What did the Red scare reveal about our society

There was a deep undercurrent of intolerance and bigotry

Which of the following best characterizes U.S. after WWI

the united states emerged from the war as one of the powerful nations of the world

The social and economic effects of the Depression

hit the middle class especially hard

Roosevelts' Hundred days banking legislation aime to

remedy the banking crisis

Tennessee Valley Authority was designed to ____

bring modernization and jobs to desolate areas of the upper rural south

Young men were hired to clear land, plant tress etccc

Civilian Conservation Corps

Which of the following was advocated by Father Charles Coughlin

The national union for social justice

National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act

granted workers the right to organize and collectively bargain

How did the consumer-goods revolution contribute to the great crash of 1929

The production of durable goods, which did no need to be replaced, outpaced and demand led to wide scale layoffs

Why was the new deal criticized

Many felt Roosevelts programs were not aggressive enough

How did Huey Long's share the wealth movement reflect on the federal govt. efforts to address the Great Depression

A large number of people felt that more should be done for those in trouble

Why did the National Recovery Admin. fail

Labor and management were unable to work together

Why did FDR attempt to pack the supreme court

He wanted to remove the final threat to the new deal

What was the most sig. long-range effect of the New Deal on society

certain programs have become a key part to todays society, Social Security

Axis Power were

Germany, Italy, Japan

What event brought America into WWII

Pearl Harbor

What was the greatest advantage of the Allies

They actually wanted to work together

The FEPC was designed to protect who

Minorities

D-Day refers to

The day the allies invaded Nazi-occupied Europe

What was the Manhatten Project

Atomic Bomb

How did FDR help GB after France Fell

Traded goods(destroyers) in exchange for land rights

What led both LA and Detroit riots in 1943

Racial Tensions

Trumans primary motive for using Atomic Weapons against Japan

End the wat as quickly as possible

State of the nation after WWII

most powerful country in the world

main argument between America and Soviet Union was____

who would control postwar Europe

Iron Curtain

Separation between East(Soviet) Europe and Western Europe

Kennans containment policy

efforts to stop communism and russian control

Truman Doctrine

Support and nation resisting armed minorities or agression from a foreign power

Marshall PLan proposed

infusing massiv amounts of American capital into Western Europe

Berlin Airlift

Military operation to bring supplies to troops in Berlin

After Soviet exploded first Atomic Bomb

we considered building Hydrogen bomb

NSC-68

advocated a massive expansion of the American Military

Julius and Ethel Rosenburg

were executed for passing American Atomic Secrets

What was the biggest factor in placing the US on a collision course with Soviet Russia

American commitment to stopping spread of communism

What effect did the marshall plan have

Sparked successful financial recovery of Western Europe

NATO formed due to

WEstern powers fear of Soviet agression

What effect did the Formation of NATO have on the cold war

Intensified Russian fear of the west and escalated the Cold War

Nationalist in the Chinese civil war

lost support due to inflation and corruption

one effect of McCarthyism

A political and cultural conformity that discouraged dissent

What group was excluded from the Levittowns

African Americans

Most Sig. Social trend in postwar America

Flight 2 the suburbs

What was crucial to suburb life

An automobile

Dr. Benjamins Spocks book was about

Infant and child care

Dominant social theme of 1950's

consumerism

Who were the bears

writers and poets who rebelled against materialistic Values

by 1960's most racially integrated institution was

the armed forces

Brown v. Board of ED

said segregation violated the 14th amendment

MLK JR's philosophy

advocated nonviolent and passive resistance

where did theSit-In movement began

Greensboro, NC

Why was the student nonviolent coordinating committee founded

to stage peaceful civil rights protests

Why did some people criticize suburb life

Dislike conformity and uniformity of it.

Govt increased federal funding for science education because of

Sputnik

1950's american contradiction

segregation while denouncing soviets because of their lack of human rights

Because of Brown v. Board of Ed

Slow process of integrating schools began.

Why did Eisenhower send troops to Little Rock,

So the black student could attend desegregated school

Montgomery bus boycott

led to MLK Jr' as a civil rights leader

Political activism change from 50's to 60's

direct peaceful confrontation vs. reliance on court action

Attitude toward religion in the 50;s

positive religious affiliation boomed

postwar life and Women

Many who joined work force returned to wife and mother roles

Major factor why Kennedy beat Nixon

Performance in first televised debate

Failed 1961 operation

The Bay of Pigs

African American prominent post

Thurgood Marshall

1961 Freedom ride was

A protest against the segregated bus system

When Johnson became pres. he focused on

Passing JFK's tax and civil rights bills

Johnsons reform program was called the_____

Great Society

Most prominent student protest group fo the 1960's

Students for a democratic society

Main issue college students protested

the vietnam war

Advocated "Black Power"

Stokely Carmichael

Involved in conflict of N vs. S Vietnam because____

wanted to stop the spread of communism

Johnsons must bear great responsibilities for the American problems in Vietnam

failed to confront the pople about the reality of the war

African American Acitivism 1960's

became more militant

How did African American activism influence other ethnic groups?

They became inspired to launch their own protests'

Moral Majority

a religious fundamentalist group

SALT treaties involved

reduction of U.S. and Soviet missiles

Greatest economic challenge faced by Nixon

Increase in oil prices

First woman on Supreme court

Sandra Day O' Conner

birth of the gay liberation movement

Stonewall riots

side supply economics

That tax cuts will lead to an economic boom

Iran-Contra Affair

a scandal in which the govt tried to sell weapons to both Nigeria and Iran

Why did Nixon resume relations with China

believed it would force better relations with Soviets

Kent State student protested because

The Invasion of Cambodia

Watergate

Nixon tried to hide his involvement with spying for his campaign

Bill Clinton on gay and lesbian in Military

Don't ask, Dont' Tell

Reagen foreign approach

Soviet Union was a deadly enemy

What influence Reagen and Mikhail Gorbachevs meeting

Gorbachev was interested in making peace

Reagen vs. new deal

thought private sector should solve Americas problems not the Govt.

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