Art History Chapter 17

25 terms by GraceWexler 

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Ambulatory

a covered walkway, outdoors or indoors;especially passage way around the apse

Radiating Chapel

semicircular chapel cutout of the wall of a church, usually for relic display

Portal

A door, gate, or entrance

Voussoir

wedge-shaped stone building block used in constructing an arch or vault

archivolt

curved molding formed by the voussoirs making up an arch

tympanum

half-round panel that fills the space between the lintle and arch over the doorway of the church.

trumeau

center post supporting the lintel in the middle doorway

lintel

horizontal beam used as a finishing piece over a door or window

jamb

upright consisting of a vertical side member of a door or window frame

Bay

The space between two columns, or one unit in the nave arcade of a church; also passageway to arcuated gated

Gallery/tribunal level

narrow recessed balcony area along an upper floor on the interior of a building

Clerestory

the fenestrated part of a building that rises above the roofs of the other parts

Cloister

a courtyard with covered walks (as in religious institutions)

Liege lord

In the feudal system, a lord who has many vassals, but owes allegiance to no one

Feudalism

a political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service

Compound piers

A pier with a group, or cluster , of attached shafts, or responds, especially characteristic of Gothic architecture.

Transverse arch

an arch which crosses from one side of the nave to the other side at a 90 degree angle

crypt

a cellar or vault or underground burial chamber (especially beneath a church)

historiated

ornamented with representations, such as plants animals or human figures that have a narrative

bestiary

a collecion of illustrations of real and imaginary animals

diaphragm arch

a transverse, wall bearing arch that divides a vault or a ceiling into compartments, providing a kind of firebreak

sexpartite vault

rib vault with six ribs meeting at the centre of a bay

quadrant arch

an arch whose curve extends for one quarter of a circle's circumference

Laid-and-crouch-work

in embroidery; work that creates solid blocks of color

Tapestry

a heavy handwoven reversible textile used for hangings, curtains, and upholstery and characterized by complicated pictorial designs

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