Native American and the Mesoamericans

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These are the different tribes that lived in the Americas during and before European exploration Includes: -Methods of arrival -Groups -MesoAmerican -Terms from Unit 1 notes -Etc.

Paleo Indians

1st Americans, nomaadic people and early ancestor of the Native Americans

Beringia

A supposed method of how the paleo indians crossed over to America; deals with a land bridge from Asia to America

38,000-10,000 BCE

around what time that the paleo indians started showing up in America

Agricultural Revolution

the change from hunting to gathering to domestication and farming

Mound builders

Native American tribes that built mounds as burial grounds and temples Ex) Adena, Hopewell, and Mississippians

Hunter-Gatherer tradition

They stalked what they could kill and gathered plants

Horticultural tradition

Cultivation and farming of crops

Major Meso-American Tribes

Olmec, Maya, Toltec, Aztecs, and Inca

Kinship

family relationships that determined your status and equivilance in society

animalistic

religious belief that the most pwerful forces in the world are spiritual, derived from nature

Matrilineality

the tracing of descendents from the mothers side

Hernan Cortes

the spanish conquerer of the Aztecs, who believed that it was the city of gold b/c of a myth that circulated, and was known as the "light skinned g-d" of the Aztecs

Francisco Pizarro

The conquerer of the Incas, known to be a brutal man, and tried to convert the Incan people to Christianity

Conquest of the Aztecs

The downfall of the Aztec people caused by Hernan Cortes, disease (small pox), and the death of their leader Montezuma

Conquest of the Incas

The downfall of the Inca people caused by Pizarro, who imprisoned their leader only to free him for gold and then kill him

Night of Sorrows

the massacre of 600 spaniards by the Aztec people in a revolt against by captured by Cortes's men

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