PsychPortal Mastery Quesitons (Chapter 15)

20 terms by stephanie_melendez 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

A person who receives a prescription for a benzodiazepine for anxiety would more than likely get a prescription for only a short period of time for all of these reasons EXCEPT:
A. to prevent withdrawal symptoms upon termination.
B. to minimize damage to the thyroid and kidneys.
C. to decrease the likelihood of abuse.
D. to avoid the possible development of drug tolerance.

B. to minimize damage to the thyroid and kidneys.

Antipsychotic medications work well on ________ symptoms associated with schizophrenia but are less effective on ________ symptoms.
A. catatonic; delusional
B. hallucinatory; delusional
C. positive; negative
D. negative; positive

C. positive; negative

Most therapists working with anxiety and depression use:
A. cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
B. cognitive therapy.
C. behavior therapy.
D. interpersonal psychotherapy (ITP).

A. cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).

Every time Jack's therapist suggests that his problems in trusting females in romantic relationships might stem from early childhood conflicts with his mother, Jack changes the subject and begins discussing something else. Jack is demonstrating what Freud termed:
A. censoring.
B. transference.
C. resistance.
D. free association.

C. resistance.

To become a practicing social worker, a person needs:
A. a PhD in sociology.
B. a bachelor's degree in psychology or sociology.
C. a bachelor's degree in any social science.
D. a master's degree in social work.

D. a master's degree in social work.

Psychotherapy has a risk of being harmful. However, psychotherapists adhere to the ________ to minimize the risk of harm to their patients.
A. DSM-IV-TR
B. Guidelines of the American Medical Association
C. Hippocratic oath
D. APA Ethical Standards

D. APA Ethical Standards

Which of the following is sometimes used as a treatment for severe depression when medication is not working?
A. anterior capsulotomy
B. electroconvulsive shock treatment (ECT)
C. lobotomy
D. cingulotomy

B. electroconvulsive shock treatment (ECT)

The primary reason why behavioral therapists rejected the psychoanalytic approach is that:
A. psychoanalysis rarely is effective.
B. psychoanalytic ideas involving invisible mental properties are particularly hard to test.
C. psychoanalysis involves years of therapy.
D. psychoanalysis did not focus on cognitive mechanisms underlying behavioral problems.

B. psychoanalytic ideas involving invisible mental properties are particularly hard to test.

In their interactions with clients, person-centered therapists are encouraged to demonstrate three basic qualities, ________, ________, and ________, in order for growth to occur.
A. caring; positive regard; nonsexual love
B. congruence; empathy; unconditional positive regard
C. unconditional positive regard; sympathy; genuineness
D. congruence; nondirective listening; empathy

B. congruence; empathy; unconditional positive regard

To prevent side effects, patients on lithium must regularly:
A. cycle on and off the medication.
B. consume a diet low in protein.
C. increase the dosage to compensate for tolerance.
D. have blood levels of the medication checked.

D. have blood levels of the medication checked.

When 1,000 members of the American Psychological Association Division of Psychotherapy were asked to describe their main theoretical orientation, the most common response was:
A. humanistic therapy.
B. cognitive therapy.
C. psychodynamic therapy.
D. eclectic psychotherapy

D. eclectic psychotherapy

Which of the following is not an advantage of group therapy?
A. Group therapy usually is more effective than individual psychotherapy.
B. Groups provide a safe place for individuals to practice relating to others.
C. Group therapy is more cost effective than individual therapy.
D. Attending a group in which others have similar problems shows clients they are not alone in their distress.

A. Group therapy usually is more effective than individual psychotherapy.

During therapy, Marie begins to react to her psychoanalytic therapist as she typically does to her mother. Marie is probably experiencing:
A. countertransference.
B. resistance.
C. a reaction formation.
D. transference.

D. transference.

Which of the following statements about seeking help for treatment of a psychological disorder is FALSE?
A. Finding a service provider can be confusing.
B. Most people who seek help obtain the most effective treatment.
C. Women are more likely than men to seek treatment.
D. Treatment facilities might not have adequate staffing to meet the needs of the community.

B. Most people who seek help obtain the most effective treatment.

A behavior therapist who wants to help Andy overcome his debilitating fear of driving a car would likely advise him to:
A. explore his childhood to discover his earliest exposure to cars.
B. relax the muscles of his body while imagining getting closer and closer to the car.
C. accept his fear of driving and learn to live with it.
D. think about the reasons for his fear.

B. relax the muscles of his body while imagining getting closer and closer to the car.

Research has shown that in the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders:
A. medication is more effective than psychotherapy.
B. psychotherapy is more effective than medication.
C. psychotherapy and medication together are better than either one alone.
D. CBT is equally effective as medication.

D. CBT is equally effective as medication.

Dr. Williams received her PhD in clinical psychology. Dr. Williams is a:
A. clinical psychiatrist.
B. general practice psychiatrist.
C. counseling psychologist.
D. psychologist.

D. psychologist.

________ studies are designed to determine whether or not a particular treatment works; ________ studies are designed to answer questions regarding why a treatment works or in what circumstances.
A. Single blind; double blind
B. Double blind; single blind
C. Process; outcome
D. Outcome; process

D. Outcome; process

Scott is having relationship problems with his wife, Samantha. Scott's therapist directs Scott to pretend that Samantha is sitting in an empty chair across from him. Scott is instructed to say whatever he wants to say to Samantha. Then Scott must switch chairs, assume the role of Samantha, and provide her reply. Scott's therapist is using a ________ technique.
A. humanistic
B. modified group
C. interpersonal
D. Gestalt

D. Gestalt

The most commonly used antidepressants today are ________, drugs that block the reuptake of serotonin in the brain.
A. benzodiazepines
B. MAOIs
C. SSRIs
D. tricyclics

C. SSRIs

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set