The ancient name for the Region that includes Iraq, northeast Syria and part of southeast Turkey.
fine soil found on river bottoms
supplying land with water through a network of canals
An advanced culture with cities and a system of writing.
a relatively flat highland
A person's job or profession
division of labor
Division of work into a number of separate tasks to be performed by different workers
A river running through the northern part of the Fertile Crescent parallel to the Euphrates River.
A river that flows through the southern part of the Fertile Crescent; parallel to the Tigris River.
The development of skills in a specific kind of work
workers skilled in a craft
Groups of people that occupy different ranks or levels in society.
the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies
more than is needed
The process of changing plants or animals to make them more useful to humans
Farming and the production of food
Huge stones used as monuments or as the sites for religious gatherings.
The new stone age that began around 10,000 years ago.
in the country
a city that is also a separate, independent state
King of Uruk, a city-state in Sumer
King of Akkad, a land north of Sumer, he built the world's first empire after defeating Sumer and northern Mesopotamia
a group of states or territories controlled by one ruler
belief in multiple Gods
Sumerian writing made by pressing a wedge-shaped tool into clay tablets
a person who specializes in writing and serves as a record keeper
a long poem that tells a story
the art of designing buildings
a tiered, pyramid-shaped structure that formed part of a sumerian temple