He devised the motto of the Enlightenment: "Dare to know"
He wrote "Essay Concerning Human Understanding" and believed that the government was created to protect the natural rights of the people.
A blank mind philosophy created by Locke. Advocated the idea that people learn through experience.
Intellectuals of the Enlightenment who sought the natural order of politics, society, and economics. They pursued reason above all else.
Meetings places of the philosophes which were run by women, who were able to reject or accept the philosophes.
In his "Spirit of Laws" he established the idea that the power of the government should be limited and there should be three separate branches.
"Treatise on Toleration"/"Philosophical Letters on the English"--through his works he expanded the freedom of natural rights.
His "Social Contract" introduced the idea of general will: he identified that human nature was good and would prosper in a society ruled by general will. He also wrote Emile.
"Vindication on the Right of Women"--established the paradigm for the modern feminist and called for women to educate their daughters.
His "Encyclopedia" surveyed the different ideas of the philosophes. He was able to pick and choose and acceptable philosophes.
French economist that introduced the idea of laissez-faire economics and that land was the source of wealth.
His "Wealth of Nations" introduced laissez faire economics and natural laws to the British economy; he is known as the "Father of Capitalism".
His "Progress on the Human Mind" introduced the concept of evolution education through 10 stages and that the final stage was perfection by rejection of traditional obstacles.
His "Treatise on Human Understanding" introduced the idea of using systematic thinking within social sciences rejecting the idea of emotion.
In his "On Crimes and Punishment" he called for an end to capital punishment; instead he desired punishment that would prevent crimes (like imprisonment).
Zinzendorf's sect that established a faith that was emotional, mystic, and in which you could have a personal relationship with God.
Created Methodism--we are sinners and need to be saved/very emotional.