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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. When a COPD patient leans forward braced in a tripod position, this lends particular advantage to which accessory muscles of inspiration?
  2. What is your primary concern if you discover that a patient does not have a gag reflex?
  3. What is the term that describes the presence of fluid in the pleural space caused by inflammation?
  4. Which of the following are the main neurotransmitters of the autonomic system?
  5. The pulmonary arterial circulation does which of the following?
  1. a pectoralis
  2. b I and II: Norepinephrine, Acetylcholine
  3. c II and IV: delivers unoxygenated blood to the lungs, originates on the right side of the heart
  4. d Fear of aspiration of bacterial or food
  5. e Pleural effusion

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Transpulmonary pressure gradient (Palv-P pl)
  2. Glottis
  3. Vallecula
  4. Continuous absorption of oxygen and excretion of carbon dioxide
  5. I II III IV: it is predictive of fetal lung maturation, An L/S ratio greater than 2:1 indicates fetal lung maturity in nondiabetic pregnancies, the L/S ratio is falsely high in diabetes, the L/S ratio is generally 2:1 at 35 weeks gestation

5 True/False Questions

  1. Which of the following mechanisms is responsible for the creation of the sub atmospheric pressure between the lung and chest wall?II, III: the lung has a tendency to recoil inward and pull away from the chest wall, the thorax has the tendency to recoil outward, away from the lung


  2. During each cycle of normal resting ventilation, a volume of gas is moved into and out of the respiratory tract. This cyclical volume is called the:Flattening of the diaphragm [COPD always flat, asthmatic flat in staticus asthmaticus]


  3. What does the "pump handle" movement of rib pairs 2 through 7 achieve?Circoid ring


  4. Which of the following is the source of innervation for the lung?Lower surface tension


  5. Which of the following are true physiological benefits of surfactant?I II III: it reduces the work of breathing, It reduces the distending pressure required to keep small alveoli open, It provides a stabilizing influence to alveoli of different sizes


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