5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Which of the following areas is the most ineffective for lung clearance?
- Although the diaphragm is the principal muscle of inspiration, it is not essential for survival.
- What is your primary concern if you discover that a patient does not have a gag reflex?
- Which of the following mechanisms is responsible for the creation of the sub atmospheric pressure between the lung and chest wall?
- What is the normal CLT?
- a 0.1 L/cm H2O
- b II, III: the lung has a tendency to recoil inward and pull away from the chest wall, the thorax has the tendency to recoil outward, away from the lung
- c Acinus
- d Fear of aspiration of bacterial or food
- e True
5 Multiple choice questions
- The lower border (veins and arteries run through the costal groove on the bottom of each rib)
- 0.2 L/cm H2O
- I and III: delivers oxygenated blood back the heart, empties into the left atrium
- 2ml/kg ideal body weight
- Simple diffusion
5 True/False questions
Which of the following are the main neurotransmitters of the autonomic system? → I and II: Norepinephrine, Acetylcholine
Which of the following are explanations for the left hemi diaphragmatic surface to be slightly lower that the right? → I. The heart rests on the left half of the diaphragm, pushing it downward. and III. The liver, directly below the right half of the diaphragm, props up this area.
What causes air to move in or out of the lungs while keeping the lungs in an inflated state? → Pressure gradients
A rapid, shallow breathing index >100 on mechanically ventilated patients is associated with which of the following? → Increased likelihood of developing ventilatory failure [frequency/VT]
Which of the following are collateral air passages that make it possible for the acinus and alveoli to receive ventilation from neighboring airways and alveoli? → I II III: it reduces the work of breathing, It reduces the distending pressure required to keep small alveoli open, It provides a stabilizing influence to alveoli of different sizes