Chapter 13 & 15

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Trait vs. Personality

trait is what you and others describe yourself as a person while personality is what describes you from others

Define Personality

Unique and a relatively stable pattern of thoughts, feelings and emotion

The trait theory that explains personality in terms of openness, consciousness, extroversions, agreeableness, and neuroticism is called the..

Five-Factor Model

What are the key elements in the Five-Factor Model?

O.C.E.A.N
Openness, Conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism.

The thoughts and motives that lie beyond a person's normal awareness are found in what Freud calls the..

unconscious

According to Freud, the three mental structures that form personality are the..

Id, Ego, and Superego

The __ is concerned with immediate gratification and the avoidance of discomfort.

Id

The __ principle asserst that the only motivation for behavior is the immediate gratification of needs

Pleasure

When a child learns the rules and values of parents and society, and incorporates them into his own psyche, that child has developed his __.

Superego

To prevent the __ associated with the ego's failure to satisfy both the id and superego, people develop and use ___.

conscious anxiety; defense mechanisms

The first and most basic defense mechanism, which blocks unacceptable impulses from coming into awareness, is called..

repression

the five developmental periods during which particular kinds of pleasures must be gratified for personality development to proceed normally are known as __.

Freud's psychosexual stages of development

Clement is gullible, dependent, passive adult. Freud might say Clement was __ during __ stage of development.

overindulged; the oral

Define (3) structure of personalities and explain their principles..

1. Id - Pleasure (Submerged in unconsciousness)
2. Ego - Reality (a little bit in the pre/conscious)
3. Superego - Morality (a little bit of all three)

Critisms of Psychoanalytical

1. Lack of cross culture
2. sexist
3. Inadequate empirical support
4. Difficult to test
5. Over Emphasizes Biology and

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