Erikson's theory of psychosocial development

Created by CarolynOsborne 

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Psychosocial

a description of the relation between an individual's emotional needs and the social environment around him or her.

Trust vs. Mistrust

Caregivers help (trust) or they don't (mistrust). First stage of Erikson's developmental theory—infancy.

Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt

Children's mistakes in learning to care for self are either considered normal or they are excessively punished. Second stage of Erikson's developmental theory—toddler.

Initiative vs. Guilt

Explorations are either supported by caregivers or thwarted. Third stage of Erikson's developmental theory—preschooler.

Autonomy

independence.

Initiative

being willing to begin new activities and explore new ideas.

Industry vs. Inferiority

Learns how to work and succeed academically or else does not learn these skills. Fourth stage of Erikson's developmental theory—elementary school.

Industry

eagerness to engage in productive work.

Identity vs. Confusion

Develops own identity separate from family or else fails to do this. Fifth stage of Erikson's developmental theory—adolescence.

Intimacy vs. Isolation

Chooses to be in significant relationships or else may not be emotionally able to sustain intimate relationships. Sixth stage of Erikson's developmental theory—young adulthood.

Generativity vs. Stagnation

Feels like one's work is a contribution or not. Seventh stage of Erikson's developmental theory—middle adulthood.

Integrity vs. Despair

Feels as if life has been well-lived—or not. Eighth stage of Erikson's developmental theory—old age.

Generativity

sense of concern for future generations

Integrity

sense of self-acceptance and fulfillment

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