AP Psychology Chapter 10: Motivation and Emotion

30 terms by RyFly1226

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Motivation

goal-directed behavior

Clark Hull

developed the behaviorist theory to drive and motivation

Homeostasis

a state of physiological equilibrium or stability

Drive

an internal state of tension that motivates an organism to engage in activities that should reduce this tension

Incentive

an external goal that has the capacity to motivate behavior

Glucose

a simple sugar that is an important source of energy

Glucostats

neurons sensitive to glucose in the surrounding fluid

Obesity

the condition of being overweight

Body Mass Index (BMI)

weight divided by height

Set-Point Theory

proposes that body monitors fat cell levels to keep them and weight fairly stable

Settling-Point Theory

proposes that weight tends to drift around the level at which the constellation of factors that determine food consumption and energy expenditure achieve an equilibrium

Achievement Motive

The need to master difficult challenges, to outperform others, and to meet high standards of excellence.

Androgens

The principal class of gonadal hormones in males.

Argument

One or more premises used to provide support for a conclusion.

Assumptions

Premises for which no proof or evidence is offered.

Bisexuals

Persons who seek emotional-sexual relationships with members of either sex.

Display Rules

Cultural norms that regulate the appropriate expressions of emotions.

Emotions

A subjective conscious experience (the cognitive component) accompanied by bodily arousal (the physiological component) and by characteristic overt expressions (the behavioral component).

Estrogens

The principal class of gonadal hormones in females.

Galvanic Skin Response (GSR)

An increase in the electrical conductivity of the skin that occurs when sweat glands increase their activity.

Hedonic Adaptation

An effect that occurs when the mental scale that people use to judge the pleasantness-unpleasantness of their experiences shifts so that their neutral point, or baseline for comparison, changes.

Heterosexuals

Persons who seek emotional-sexual relationships with members of the other sex.

Homosexuals

Persons who seek emotional-sexual relationships with members of the same sex.

Parental Investment

What each sex invests—in terms of time, energy, survival risk, and forgone opportunities—to produce and nurture offspring.

Polygraph

A device that records autonomic fluctuations while a subject is questioned, in an effort to determine whether the subject is telling the truth.

Premises

The reasons presented to persuade someone that a conclusion is true or probably true.

Refractory Period

A time following orgasm during which males are largely unresponsive to further stimulation.

Sexual Orientation

A person's preference for emotional and sexual relationships with individuals of the same sex, the other sex, or either sex.

Subjective Well-Being

Individuals' perceptions of their overall happiness and life satisfaction.

Vasocongestion

Engorgement of blood vessels.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set