Exam: Age of Absolutism Part 2

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The Hapsburg Empire in the 1500-1600s included Austria, the Netherlands and . . .

Spain

Louis the XIV did all of the following . . .

Built Versailles, waged wars to expand his power and canceled the Edict of Nantes

Louis the XIV encouraged French nobles to live at Versailles so he could, primarily . . .

keep an eye on them

During the 1700s, the European balance of power meant that . . .

no single nation could dominate Europe

"The state of monarchy is the most supreme thing on earth: for kings are not only God's lieutenants upon earth and sit upon God's throne, but even by God himself they are called gods . . . " Who would most likely agree with this statement?

Louis XIV

What conclusion can be drawn from the following two facts about Europe during the age of absolute monarchs: Absolute monarchs centralized royal power and absolute monarchs fought wars to extend their power?

absolute monarchs were powerful and ambitious

The reign of Peter the Great was best characterized by . . .

an attempt to bring Western/modern ways to Russia

The Edict of Nantes declared that . . .

French protestants had freedom to worship

The Thirty Years War was . . .

the last of the Wars of Religion between Catholics and Protestants

In 1588, the Spanish Armada met defeat at the hands of the . . .

English

The theory of divine right propoesed that . . .

a ruler derived absolute authority to rule from God alone

"L'etat c'est moi" was said by the Sun King. What does it mean?

"I am the state"

Phillip II wasted Spanish wealth on . . .

war with the Protestants

Absolute monarchs attempted to do the following . . .

create standing armies, efficient tax collection, place the church under their authority, and wage wars to increase their power and influence

This war was the first to try and preserve the "balance of power".

The War of Spanish Succession

Prussia under the leadership of Frederick the Great was known for . .

a strong army and religious tolerance

One of the reasons Puritans were opposed to Charles I was because . . .

they thought he was too Catholic

The first British Prime Minister was . . .

Sir Robert Walpole

Oliver Cromwell was the leader of the . . .

Roundheads

Cromwell's rule could best be described as a . . .

military dictatorship

Charles II was like Cromwell in that he . . .

maintained a strong army

Parliament divided into parties over the . . .

amount of power held by the king

In a limited constituional monarchy, the monarch had . . .

to consult with Parliament

What helped Britain become a global power in the 1700s?

its strong navy

The Act of Settlement outlawed . .

Catholics from becoming monarchs

What was a new feature of English government in the late 1700s?

a cabinet

The Stuart kings' claims to absolute power were challenged by . . .

Parliament

What did the English Bill of Rights of 1689 do?

limited royal power and ended absolutism in England

The Glorious Revolution in England ended with . . .

William and Mary taking the throne and an end to absolutism

The ruler who was beheaded at the end of the English Civil War was . . .

Charles I

Oliver Cromwell was . . .

lord protector and military dictator

Supporters of Parliament during the English Civil War were called . . .

Roundheads

The Restoration gave England . . .

a constitutional monarchy

The English Civil War was between . . .

supporters of the king and supporters of Parliament

The Glorious Revolution was important because it established that . . .

Parliament was the supreme power in England

As a result of the English Civil War and the Glorious Revolution . . .

Parliament became more powerful than the monarchy

The period known as the Restoration began when . . .

Charles II assumed the throne

Who led England after Charles I?

Oliver Cromwell

In order to gain the English throne, WIlliam and Mary had to agree to sign what?

English Bill of Rights of 1689

Charles I was tried for treason, found guilty and . .

was beheaded

In the Glorious Revolution, who invited William and Mary to replace James II as king?

Parliament

In England, what began to develop because of differing political opinions?

political parties

What were results of the Glorious Revolution?

William and Mary became rulers of England, Bill of Rights was written, and Parliament gained supremacy over the king

What king was restored to power after the death of Oliver Cromwell?

Charles II

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