Chapter 1

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Advocates of which perspective are quick to point out that the justice system remains an adversary process that pits the forces of an all-powerful state against those of a solitary individual accused of a crime?

A. the crime control perspective
B. the rehabilitation perspective
C. the nonintervention perspective
D. the due process perspective

D. the due process perspective

Which crime perspective argues that the proper role of the justice system is to prevent crime through the judicious use of criminal sanctions?

A. the rehabilitation perspective
B. the due process perspective
C. the crime control perspective
D. the nonintervention perspective

C. the crime control perspective

The contemporary criminal justice system can be divided into three main components:

A.Law enforcement, the courts, and the legislature
B. The courts, the correctional system, and the legislature
C. Law enforcement, the courts, and the correctional system
D.Law enforcement, the correctional system, and the legislature

C. Law enforcement, the courts, and the correctional system

At what stage of the formal criminal justice system process does the defendant enter a plea of guilty or not guilty?

A. Arraignment
B. Criminal trial
C. Preliminary hearing
D. Bail hearing

A. Arraignment

It is generally agreed that almost _____ percent of all cases end in a plea bargain, rather than a criminal trial.

A. 50
B. 70
C. 80
D. 90

D. 90

Which courts review whether the judge conducted the trial in the proper manner?

A. Magistrate courts
B. Special courts
C. Appellate courts
D. There is no court to review the conduct of a trial judge.

C. Appellate courts

Approximately _____ percent of the people arrested on felony charges are eventually convicted in a criminal court.

A. 30
B. 40
C. 50
D. 60

A. 30

Which of the following statements is false?

A. Crime control advocates call for harsh punishment as a deterrent to crime.
B. Crime control advocates do not want legal technicalities to help the guilty go free.
C. Crime control advocates argue the more efficient the system, the greater its effectiveness.
D. Crime control advocates in large measure, are not concerned with the criminal justice system's ability to rehabilitate offenders.

D. Crime control advocates in large measure, are not concerned with the criminal justice system's ability to rehabilitate offenders.

True or Flase:
The contemporary criminal justice system is society's instrument of social control.

True

True or False:
Most cases are processed through the entire formal justice system.

False

True or False:
Police officers can arrest someone if they have a "gut feeling" that that person is guilty of a criminal offense.

False

True or False:
The core of the justice perspective is that all people should receive the same treatment under the law.

True

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