Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

The opening story about S.R. Sidarth illustrates?

Gateways to participation in government

What country has the oldest written constitution in the world?

United States

_______ is rule by the people?

Democracy

What president of the United States was not a champion of democracy and, as a young lawyer before the Revolution, agreed to defend British soldiers who had been charged with murder for firing on protesters in the streets of Boston?

John Adams

At the time of American independence, democracy was often associated with:

Mob rule

What ancient British legal principle holds that all people are equal before the law, all are subject to it, and no one is above it?

Rule of law

John Adams and the others who wrote Americans founding documents believed in a ________ system, in which the people set up and agree on the basic rules and procedures that will govern them?

constitution

The US constitution is argued to be a gatekeeper in that it?

Allows and limits access to power at the same time

The right to life, liberty, and property, according to John Locke, are _______ rights, rights so fundamental that government cannot take them away

Natural

The constitution created a ______ in which the people elect others to govern in their name.

Representative democracy

While doing research for a term paper in a government class, Gregory Watson discovered an unratified amendment proposed by James Madison that would prohibit any congressional pay raise from taking effect until after an ensuing election. The amendment was still pending because:

It was not yet approved by enough states

The amendment process that so interested Gregory Watson is the means by which the U.S. Constitution can be formally changed. His efforts to change the constitution show ________?

The use of the gateway of citizen lobbying to affect political change.

In modern democracies, a ______ sets forth the basic rules and procedures for how the people shall be governed, including the powers and structures of the government, as well as the rights retained by the people.

Constitution

The American colonies objected when, following the _____, Great Britain tried to recoup some of the costs of defending the colonies by imposing regulations and taxes on them.

French and Indian War

The ______ set forth a long list of items that could be exported only to Great Britain, thus limiting competition for the colonists' goods.

Sugar Act of 1764

The colonists reacted to British taxes by:

a.Forming trade associations
b.Refusing to buy British goods
c.Publishing pamphlet denouncing the loss of liberty
d.Rioting
e.ALL THE ABOVE

Who said "Give me liberty or give me death"?

Patrick Henry

a.Declared the right of the people to alter or abolish government
b.Declared the colonies independent from Britain
c.Contained a stirring call for equality and human rights
d.Contained a thorough list of grievance against the British crown
e.ALL THE ABOVE

The Declaration of Independence:

Not all northern delegates at the Convention opposed slavery, but those who were _______ wanted an immediate ban on importing slaves from Africa, prohibitions against the expansion of slavery into the western territories, and the adoption of plan for the gradual freeing slaves.

Abolitionists

How is the President of the United States elected?

The Electoral College

The _________ established itself in the name of "We the People of the United States."

a.Magna Carta
b.Declaration of Independence
c.Articles of Confederation
d.Constitution
e.ALL THE ABOVE

A________ exists when people in a country have a sense of common identity due to a
common origin, history, or ancestry, all of which the colonists shared.

Nation

In a ________ virtually all power goes to the national government.

Unitary system

Thereserve powers of the states, sometimes referred to as the _______, include the powers to protect the safety, health, and welfare of its citizens.

Police Powers

Powers that belong to both the state and national government are called:

Concurrent Powers

The writ of ________, provides the right of individuals who have been arrested and jailed to go before a judge who determines if their imprisonment is legal.

Habeas Corpus

The Constitution limits the state governments from:

a.Passing bills of attainder
b.Passing ex post facto laws
c.Taxing imports and exports
d.Entering into any treaty or alliance with foreign nations
e. ALL THE ABOVE

The __________ clause of the constitution guarantees that states shall have a "Republican Form of Government," meaning that states cannot establish a pure direct democracy.

Guarantee

A citizen petition for a particular law is called a (an):

Initiative

The Fifteenth Amendment prohibits states from denying

Voting rights on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude

In recent years, lower courts have upheld the right of:

a.A student to wear a T-shirt making fun of President George W. Bush
b.A student to give a speech critical of homosexuality
c.Students who wore black armbands to protest the school's dress code
d.ALL THE ABOVE

Where in the Constitution are civil liberties protected

First ten amendment

The Bill of Rights placed into law some of the natural or unalienable rights that Thomas Jefferson spoke about in the:

Declaration of Independence

Too much freedom can lead to ________, a state in which everyone does as he or she chooses without regard to others.

Anarchy

Too much order can lead to _______, a state in which the people are not free to make decisions about the private aspects of their lives.

Tyranny

__________ is/are based on the expectations of equality under the law and relate to the duties of citizenship and to the opportunities for full participation in civic life.

Civil rights

The constitution protects the right to:

a.Trial by jury
b.Freedom of expression
c.Freedom of press
d.Freedom of assembly
e.ALL THE ABOVE

The _________ Amendment protects a very particular property right: the right to keep and bear arms.

Second

Today, almost all of the provisions of the first, fourth, fifth, sixth, and eighth amendments have been incorporated with the exception of:

a.Grand jury indictments
b.Excessive bail
c.The seventh amendments right to jury in civil suits over $20
d.The third amendment protection against the quartering soldiers
e.ALL THE ABOVE

Attempts to limit civil liberties are more frequent in wartime or during other threats, given:

The governments increased concern for order and citizens increased concern about security

______________ are the rights related to the duties of citizenship and the opportunities for participation in civic life that the government is obliged to protect.

Civil Liberties

Political opinions tend to differ by:

Age, gender, socioeconomic status, and religion

Liberals tend to be _______________ and conservatives tend to be _______________.

Democrats, Republicans

During the nation's first century and even thereafter, state and national governments actively discriminated against people on the basis of:

Race, gender, and ethnic background

Following the Civil War, the _______________ Amendment ended slavery, and the _______________ Amendment forbade states to deny any person "the equal protection of the laws."

Thirteenth; Fourteenth

Whether through family socialization or genes, parents have the biggest impact:

During a child's early life

what year did women get the right to vote nationally?

1920

The Fourteenth Amendment

All The Above

Which of the following was NOT true?

None of the above

______________ is the aggregate of individual attitudes or beliefs about certain issues or officials.

Public opinion

How would you characterize the meaning of equality in America?

The concept of equality has significantly evolved and changed over time.

Sources of error in public opinion polls in which individuals feel obliged to give an opinion on something when, in reality, they are unaware of the issue or have no opinion on it are referred to as:

Nonattitudes

The typical size of a sample survey is _______________ people.

1,000

In Roper vs. Simmons, the U.S. Supreme Court sought to gauge public opinion on what constituted "cruel and unusual punishment" by looking at:

Laws passed by state legislatures

_____________ provide(s) the most common (and easiest) gateway for the people to express their opinions and to hold elected officials accountable.

Elections

Congress is _______________, that is, it is divided into two separate chambers, the House of Representatives and the Senate.

Bicameral

In 1947, Congress changed presidential succession, putting the _______________ directly behind the vice president in order of succession.

Speaker of the House

The requirements regarding elections that are in the U.S. Constitution indicate that the Framers wanted to set up barriers against:

Elitism

To be a member of the House of Representatives and individual must

Reside in the state that he or she resides

Because a president in his second term cannot seek reelection, he is commonly referred to as a:

Lame Duck

The formal selection of the president of the U.S. is in the hands of the:

Electors in the Electoral College

To be a Senator an individual must:

Be a U.S. citizen

9. What is the term of office for U.S. senators?

6 years

To counter the power of the veto, the Framers gave Congress the veto _______________, the power to overturn a presidential veto with a two-thirds vote in each chamber.

Override

How many electoral votes does each state get?

Anamount equal to the number of senators and members of the House of Representatives

How many presidents have been impeached?

2

Typically, _______________ instruct federal employees to take a specific action or implement a policy in a particular way.

Executive orders

To win the presidency, a candidate needs to win _______________ electoral votes.

270

Depending on patterns of population growth or decline, states win or lose congressional seats with each new census. State legislatures are responsible for drawing the district lines, in a process known as:

Redistricting

Whena president signs a bill into law, he can issue _______________ written remarks that reflect his interpretation of the law, although they are not required or authorized by the Constitution.

Signing statements

Because the Framers knew that the country would grow, they required a count, or _______________, of the population every ten years, after which the number of congressional districts in each state would be adjusted to reflect population changes.

Census

The war powers are shared between Congress and the:

President

The highest-ranking minority party member in the House of Representatives is the _______________, and his or her main responsibility is crafting the minority party's position on an issue and serving as the public spokesperson for the party.

House minority leader

Franklin Delano Roosevelt's _______________ would have allowed him to appoint additional justices to the Supreme Court and so secure a majority favorable to him. However, Congress rejected Roosevelt's attempt to upset the checks and balances.

Court-packing plan

The technique of _______________ includes identifying and tracking potential supporters so that campaign strategists can design specific political messages tailored for each of the "voting profiles" found from the data. In 1996, for example, President Bill Clinton's reelection campaign sought to reach soccer moms—"busy suburban women devoted to their jobs and kids, who had real concerns about real presidential politics."

Microtargeting

The president pro tempore is closely advised by the _______________, who is responsible for administering the rules of the Senate.

Senate Parliamentarian

Monetary policy is under the control of the _______________, an independent executive agency.

Federal Reserve Board

A _______________ issue is a vague claim to a goal, such as a "strong economy," "improved education," or "greater national security." These are goals all candidates talk about and voters seek.

Valence

In the _______________ model, voting is understood to be shaped by the rules of the system, by political party behavior, by the ways candidates run their campaigns, and by the context of the election.

Institutional

Which of the following are not considered mass media?

Blogs

Which amendment to the Constitution protects free press?

First

All Interest groups are based on the idea that members joining together in a group can?

Secure a shared benefit that otherwise would not be available to them.

The courts ruled in ________________ that only in exceptionally rare cases could the government stop the printing of a story, overturning a conviction and invalidating the law that lead to the conviction.

Near v. Minnesota

Journalism emerged by the _____________ as a profession with a commitment to objectivity.

1900s

Quest for market share led to the competition over which newspaper could grab the most attention with sensational headlines and stories. Known as ________________, this form of news distorted the presentation of events and could mislead the public, all in the interest of sales.

Yellow journalism

The decline of newspapers raises concerns, because newspapers tend to contain more fact-based stories called_________________, as opposed to interpretive narratives that are reported on TV.

Hard News

According to the ________________ Model, a process described as selective exposure, people secured information from sources that agreed with them, leading to the reinforcement of beliefs, not to a change of beliefs.

Minimal Effect

The Supreme Court case: New York Times v. Sullivan fundamentally reviewed the issue of

Libel

As a(n) __________, the students of Conceal and Carry on Campus discovered at the beginning of the chapter serves as a gateway to influences that allows students to make those views about gun rights known throughout the nation.

Interest Group

The mass media DO NOT ensure the government accountability and responsiveness by __________________ the news.

Censoring

________________ is the government's ability to restrict the publication before it's published.

Prior restraint

If a candidate is not affiliated with a major party they are referred to as:

Independent

Interest Groups lobby:

All of the above

The landmark modern case on the freedom of the press and prior restraint was:

The Pentagon papers case

Interest Groups with the tax-exempt status, commnely referred to as ____________, are prohibited from engaging in any activity on behalf of a candidate or party in an election.

501(c)(3)

The simple pleasure of being surrounded by people with similar interests and perceptions and who share professional and personal concerns is an example of a(n) ___________________ benefit.

solidarity

A(n) is a group of individuals who join together to choose who should be elected to office, whether by informal group voting or by a formal nominating process.

Political Party

Interest groups provide information to:

All the above

What do you call the document that lays out the party's core beliefs and policy proposals?

Party platform

An attachment or allegiance to a political party is referred to as:

Party Identification

Parties also serve to organize members of congress and the state legislature into cohesive groups known as party_____________, that consistently vote for politics that the party promises in their platform.

caucus

How many major political parties are there in US today?

2

The US is a _________________ system

2 party

When voters identify with a party in repeated elections it is referred to as:

Party alignment

The court required proof of actual malice to convict in a libel suit in:

New York vs. Sullivan

In 1883 the ____________________ reinforced the civil service be reporting that government jobs be filed based on merit, not political connections.

Pendleton Act

A set of consistent political views about the way government should work is referred to as a:

Political ideology

After he took office, President FDR championed a vast array of new government programs, commonly referred to as the:

New Deal

Kate Hanni demanded that the federal government live up to its responsibility of ensuring the safe travel of passengers, and got the Federal Aviation Administration, a subdivision of the _______________, to create new airline regulations.

Department of Transportabtion

Jennifer Gratz and Barbara Grutter claimed that the affirmative action policies at the University of Michigan denied their right to:

Equal protection of the law

Of all the components of American government, the _______________ is the most likely to have a direct impact on citizens' lives.

Bureaucracy

______________ is the power of courts to declare actions of Congress, the president, or state officials unconstitutional, and therefore void.

Judicial review

Legislatures often rely on specialists—the bureaucrats—to write the _______________ that implement the law.

Regulations

A president's _______________ is a set of key advisors who are responsible for the areas under their jurisdiction.

Cabinet

All bureaucratic organizations have:

All the above

The arrangement by which a politician appoints employees to public posts who pledge loyalty to him, is generally referred to as the _______________.

Patronage system

The primary organization responsible for controlling the flow of money in the United States is the:

Federal reserve

Employees who report mismanagement, corruption, or illegal activity within their agencies are referred to as:

Whistleblowers

In _______________, Chief Justice Marshall clarified that the Constitution must be supreme and that regular laws cannot overrule constitutional requirements.

Marbury vs. Madison

Who nominated Sonia Sotomayor, the first Hispanic justice of the Supreme Court?

Barack Obama

A lawsuit filed by one person on behalf of that person plus all similarly situated individuals is referred to as a(n):

Class action

Once a case is assigned to a judge, the next step in a civil suit is _______________, when each side gets access to information relevant to its suit held by the other side.

Discovery

______________ is a concept which asserts that judges should respect the decisions of other branches, or, through the concept of precedent, the decisions of earlier judges.

Judicial restraint

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set