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Learning by observing and imitating others is called ___, or ___ ___. This form of learning (occurs/doesn't occur) in species other than our own.

modeling; social learning; occurs

Neuroscientists have found ___ ___ in the brain's ___ lobe that provide a neural basis for ___ learning. These neurons have been observed to fire when monkeys perform a simple task and when they ____. This type of neuron (has/hasn't) been found in human brains.

mirror neurons; frontal; observational; observe a task; has

By age ___, infants will imitate novel gestures. By age ___, they will imitate acts modeled on TV. Mirror neurons help give rise to children's ___ and their ___ ___ ___.

8-16 months; 14 months; empathy; theory of mind

The psychologist best known for research on observational learning is ___.

bandura

In one experiment, the child who viewed an adult punch an inflatable doll played (more/less) aggressively than the child who hasn't observed the adult.

more

Bandura believes people imitate a model because of ___ and ___, those received by the model as well as by imitators.

reinforcements; punishments

We are especially likely to imitate people we perceive as ___ to ourselves, as ___, or as ___.

similar; successful; admirable

Children will also model positive, or ___ behaviors. Models are also most effective when their words and actions are ___.

prosocial; consistent

Modeling may also have ___ effects. This fact may explain why ___ parents might have ___ children. However, ___ factors may also be involved.

antisocial; abusive; aggressive; biological

Children in developed countries spend more time ___ ___ than they spend in school.

watching TV

Compared with the real world, television depicts a much higher percentage of crimes as being ___ in nature.

violent

Correlational studies (link/don't link) watching television violence with violent behavior.

link

Correlation doesn't prove ___.However, most researchers believe that watching violence on television (does/doesn't) lead to aggressive behavior.

causation; does

The violence-viewing effect stems from several factors, including ___ of observed aggression and the tendency of prolonged exposure to violence to ___ viewers.

imitation; desensitize

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