'The Necklace' by Guy De Maupassant-Story Element Questions

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Story Elements with images

"The Neckace" takes place in Paris in the second half of the 19th century.

What is the background of "The Necklace"?

1884 Paris, France Loisel's apartment, party at the Ministry of Education's Mansion

What is the setting of "The Necklace"?

Madame Loisel

What character is - selfish (beautiful, charming, middle class, spoiled, daydreamed)→→aged quickly, heavy, rough, harsh, shrill voice, and poor?

Monsieur Loisel

What character is kind, generous, loyal hard-working, clerk for Ministry of Education, wants to please wife, and middle- class?

Madame Forestier

What character is kind, generous, wealthy, and snobby ?

This story is about a woman who unhappy with her social life. New conflicts take place after one conflict is resolved.

What is the plot of "The Necklace"?

This short story is told from the 3rd person limited point of view. The author focuses on Mme. Loisel's thoughts and feelings

What is the point of view of the story?

Mme. Loisel vs. herself (her excessive pride, materialism and shallowness cause her emotional torture as she feels she's been deprived of luxuries)

What is the internal conflict?

Mme. Loisel vs. Mr. Loisel (different values; although he is tolerant of her behavior and wants to please her)

What is the external conflict?

necklace, wrap, dress

What are the three symbols?

greed/desire for what one cannot have, differences in social classes, dishonesty, Mme. L's 'fakeness' or want of material things

What does the necklace symbolize?

Mme's station in life - insecurity- embarrassment

What does the wrap symbolize?

Mr. Loisel's sacrifice for his wife

What does the dress symbolize?

1. People should be happy with what they have
2. Honesty is the best policy
3. You may pay a terrible price for greed and desire (Mme. L's fatal flaw, her desire for material things, her 'fakeness' just like the necklace)

What is the theme of "The Necklace"?

the author shows what Mme. Loisel is like by concentrating mainly on the way she views her surroundings (daydreams about expensive things/lifestyle

What is the Characterization in the story?

Mme. L borrows a necklace to fit in with the rich people she envies, but the loss of the necklace results in her being poorer than she was
After Mme. L loses the necklace & must repay the debt, she endures 10 years of hardship only to find out the necklace is a fake
Mme. Loisel's intense desire for a different life is then equally matched by her intense suffering

What is the Irony in the story?

Rue de Martyrs the name of the street and the English word martyr- martyr means a great or constant sufferer
Her intense unhappiness cannot be lifted with one party invitation

What is the Foreshadowing in the story?

Paris, France (1800s)

In the plot chart what is the setting?

Mme. Loisel- protagonist -- Dynamic Character
Mr Loisel
Mme Forestier
POV- 3rd person limited

In the plot chart who are the characters

Mme Loisel dreams of luxuries and money

What is the narrative hook?

Gets invited to ball
Mme Loisel borrows necklace
Goes to ball and she feels beautiful

What is the rising action?

Mme. Loisel loses the necklace

What is the climax of the story?

Borrow money to buy new necklace
Works for ten years to pay off necklace
Mme. Loisel becomes more appreciative and content

What is the falling action in the story?

Mme. Forestier tells Mme. Loisel the necklace was fake!!

THEME
You do not need material things to make you happy

What is the resolution in the story?

...

What type of lifestyle do the Loisel's have?

...

What type of lifestyle does Mdm. Loisel desire?

...

Why is Mdm. Loisel upset by the invitation to the fancy party?

...

What do we learn about the moral character of the husband when he gives his wife the 400 francs that he has saved to buy himself a gun?

...

After she buys a dress, Mdm. Loisel is still unhappy. Why?

...

Explain the transformation of the Loisels during the ten years it takes them to pay back the debt.

...

Do you feel sorry for Mdm. Loisel at the end of story? Why or why not?

...

Do you feel sorry for Mr. Loisel? Why or why not?

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