refers to language that describes concepts rather than concrete images (ideas and qualities rather than observable or specific things, people, or places.). The observable or "physical" is usually described in concrete language.
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas. It comes from the Latin meaning "against the man."
An extended narrative in prose or verse in which characters, events, and settings represent abstract qualities and in which the writer intends a second meaning to be read beneath the surface of the story; the underlying meaning may be moral, religious, political, social, or satiric.
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words that are close to one another: "Micky Mouse," "Donald Duck."
a reference to a well-known person, place, or thing from literature, history, etc.
comparison of two similar but different things, usually to clarify an action or a relationship, such as comparing the work of a heart to that of a pump. It is a comparison to a directly parallel case.
repetition of a word, phrase, or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row. This is a deliberate form of repetition and helps make the writer's point more coherent.
a short, simple narrative of an incident; often used for humorous effect or to make a point.
Explanatory notes added to a text to explain, cite sources, or give bibliographical data.
the presentation of two contrasting images. The ideas are balanced by word, phrase, clause, or paragraphs.