Chapter 9&10 Quiz

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Chapter 9-Secondary Data Sources Chapter 10- Healthcare Statistics

Bar Chart

A horizontal or vertical arrangement of rectangular shapes that represents data from one or more groups or categories

Line Graph

One or more series of points connected by a line or lines to represent trends in time

Pie chart

An arrangememt of pieces in a circular shape that represents the component parts of a single group or variable

Histogram

An arrangement of rectangular shapes that represents distributions of continuous variables

What term is used for the number of inpatients present at any one time in a healthcare facility?

Census

Which of the following types of statistics are used to report information about mortality, morbidity, and natality at the local, state, and national levels?

All of the above are used to report information about mortality, morbidity, and natality (the ratio of births to the general population; the birth rate) at the local, state, and national levels.

The most prevalent trend in the collection of secondary databases is _____________.

The increased use of automated data entry

Critique this statement: Interrater reliability depends on the consistency of data collection activities among abstractors.

This is a true statement.

Mr. Jones was admitted to the hospital on July 20 and discharged on August l. What was the length of stay for Mr. Jones?

12 days

The creation of the National Practitioner Data Bank was mandated by _____________.

The Health Care Quality Improvement Act

Which of the following databases was developed by the National Library of Medicine?

The Medical Literature, Analysis, and Retrieval System Online

Which of the following statements best describes the difference between a hospital inpatient and a hospital outpatient?

Inpatients receive room, board, and continuous nursing services in areas of the hospital where patients generally stay overnight; outpatients receive ambulatory diagnostic and therapeutic services.

Critique this statement: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project is an interactive database supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. The database facilitates the comparison of hospital statistics for the purpose of research and benchmarking.

This is a true statement.

What term is used for the number of inpatients present at the census-taking time each day, plus any inpatients who were both admitted and discharged after the census-taking time the previous day?

Daily census

Community Hospital had 245 patients in the hospital at midnight on April 1. The hospital admitted 30 patients on April 2. The hospital discharged 45 patients, including deaths, on April 2. Two patients were both admitted and discharged on April 2. What was the daily inpatient census at midnight on April 2?

232

Community Hospital has a total of 2,755 inpatient service days for the month of June. What was the average daily census for the hospital during June?

91.8 patients

Critique this statement: The National Center for Health Statistics is the agency within the Centers for Disease Control that gathers information on vital and health statistics in the United States.

This is a true statement.

Critique this statement: Case definition for trauma registries is determined by individual facilities.

This is a true statement.

Patient-identifiable data:

Information such as age and date of birth

Demographic data:

Information such as age and date of birth

Aggregate data:

Data extracted from individual patient records and combined to form information about groups of patients

Primary data:

Information about the patient that is documented by the clinicians who provide services to the patient

Secondary data:

Data derived from the primary patient record

What is (are) the format problems with the following table?

There are blank cells.

The IRB functions as a(n):

Ethics committee

Community Hospital had 20 inpatient deaths, including newborns for the month of November. The hospital had a total number of 477 discharges for the same period, including deaths of adults, children and newborns. What was the hospital's gross death rate for November?

4%

Given the numbers 45, 27, 7, 38, 29, 29, 34, and 53, what is the mode?

29

What information is needed to calculate the net death rate for a period?

All of the above

Accession registry:

List of cases in a cancer registry arranged in the order in which the cases were entered

Disease index:

List of diseases and conditions of patient treated in a facility, sequenced according to classification code numbers

Disease registry

Central collection of data used to improve the quality of care and measure the effectiveness of a particular aspect of healthcare delivery

Population-based registry

Registry that includes information from more than one facility in a geopolitical region

Facility-based registry

Registry that includes only cases for a specific facility

Operation index

List of the operations and procedures performed in a facility, sequenced according to classification code numbers

Physician index

List of patients by physician, usually arranged by physician code numbers

Trauma registry

List of patients with severe injuries

Range

Represents the simplest measure of spread (or variability)

Rate

Measure an event over time

Ratio

Comparing quantities where x and y are completely independent of each other or x can be included in y.

Which of the following statements does (do) not apply to inpatient length-of-stay data?

b and d above

Given the numbers 50, 23, 14, 36, 33, 33, 38, and 53, what is the mean?

35

The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project is a major initiative of which organization within the federal government?

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

Secondary data sources consist of ____________.

All of the above

What term is used for the number of calendar days of an inpatient hospitalization from admission to discharge?

Length of stay

Given the numbers 45, 18, 9, 31, 28, 28, 33, and 48, what is the median?

29.5

The collection of information on healthcare fraud and abuse was mandated by HIPAA and resulted in the development of _____________.

The Healthcare Integrity and Protection Data Bank

Community Hospital discharged nine patients on September 1. The length of stay for each of the patients was as follows: for patient A, three days: for patient B, six days; for patient C, five days; for patient D, five days; for patient E, seven days; for patient F, nine days; for patient G, nine days; for patient H, ten days; patient I, nine days. What was the average length of stay for these nine patients?

7 days

Critique this statement: The Medicare Provider Analysis and Review File is not made up of patient demographic data collected by acute care and skilled nursing facilities.

MEDPAR is actually made up of claims data which does include demographic data collected by acute care and skilled nursing facilities.

A record is considered a primary data source when it ___________.

Contains information about the patient that has been documented by the professionals who provided care to the patient

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