Something that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally.
The class or destinct hereditary order into which a Hindu is assigned according to religous law.
Advision of a branch that unites a number of local congregations in a single legal and administrative body.
A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principals are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the location.
A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location.
Laws (no longer in affect) in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas.
A small geographic area that could not successfully be organized into one or more stable states because it was inhabited by many ethnicities with complex, long-standing antagonisms toward each other.
A process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their houses at low prices because of fear that black families will soon move into the neighborhood.
Process in which more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogenous region.
Identity with a group of people that share distinct physical and mental traits as a product of common heredity and cultural traditions.
State that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities.
Identity with a group of people that share legal attachment and personal ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality.
A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality.
Belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race.
A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.