Chapter 9-16

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Compared to poverty in the United States, poverty throughout the world as a whole is more widespread and more severe.

True

During the twentieth century, the standard of living in high-income countries, where the Industrial Revolution took place, increased dramatically.

True

Global inequality is partly a problem of technology, and it is also a political issue

True

According to dependency theory, poor countries have become dependent on rich nations because

they sell raw materials to rich nations

Compared to poverty in the United States, poverty throughout the world as a whole is more widespread and more severe

True

According to Walt Rostow, nations begin at the _____ stage of development and may eventually reach the stage of _____.

traditional; high mass consumption

Which world region contains the largest percentage of the world's street children?

Latin America

In Walt Rostow's model of economic development, the first stage before the modernization process begins is called "take-off stage."

False

Modernization theory was created as a criticism of U.S. foreign policy

False

In middle-income nations, average personal income is in the range of

$2,500 and $12,000

In the world's lowest-income nations, two in ten children born die by the age of

Five

In low-income nations, the majority of the people live in villages and small towns where farming is the most common way to make a living

True

Modernization theory claims that

the main causes of poverty involve culture and technology

In Walt Rostow's model of economic development, the first stage before the modernization process begins is called "take-off stage."

False

The poorest 20 percent of the world's people live on just 2 percent of the world's income

True

Some forms of marriage found in the world today amount to slavery

True

Which type of slavery refers to one person owning another?

Chattel slavery

Some forms of marriage found in the world today amount to slavery

True

Although poverty continues, the world has ended the practice of slavery

False

From a global perspective, economic productivity is lowest in precisely the regions where

population increase is highest

Over the course of the last century, the extent of global economic inequality has

Increased

3. Japan, Canada, and the nations of Western Europe are all classified as

high-income countries

The concept of "neocolonialism" refers to the process by which

multinational corporations exploit the economy of a poor country

Global inequality is partly a problem of technology, and it is also a political issue

True

Typically, people in low-income countries do more physical labor, but they consume fewer calories than people in rich nations

True

Of the roughly 1 billion people in the world who are living in absolute poverty, what percentage are women?

70 percent

"Las Colonias" refers to settlement

All of these are correct

8. Which type of slavery refers to one person owning another?

Chattel Slavery

One of the countries listed below is NOT a high-income nation. Which one is it?

South Africa

In past centuries, European nations colonized countries in

All of these are correct

Which of the following is an important exception to male domination of the U.S. workplace?

Women now own more than 10 million entrepreneurial businesses

Most cases of female genital mutilation occur in

Africa

The concept of "comparable worth" means that

people should be paid according to the level of skill and responsibility involved in the work

Comparing the performances of female and male athletes over time shows

women have been closing the gap with men in most athletic performances

In general, western states have a higher percentage of legislators who are women than southern states

True

In the United States today, women working for income is the rule rather than the exception

True

A majority of U.S. women in which of the following categories enter the labor force?

All of these are correct

In the United States, on average, males live longer than females

False

Women earn what share of all associate's and bachelor's degrees in the United States?

59 percent

While playing in peer groups, girls are less likely to play the "win-lose" games favored by boys

True

Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?

Gender roles

The concept of gender refers to

the personal traits and social positions that members of a society attach to being female or male

Sexual harassment is an important social issue because

half of working women report receiving unwanted sexual attention

Minority women are more economically disadvantaged than white women

True

What is the form of social organization in which females dominate males

matriarchy

George Murdock found that, in the case of many tasks, what one society considers "masculine" another may consider "feminine.

True

On average, young men show greater ____ ability than young women; young women show greater _____ ability than young men

mathematical; verbal

On average, do women or men live longer?

On average, women outlive men by about five years

The concept of "comparable worth" means that

people should be paid according to the level of skill and responsibility involved in the work

A social-conflict account of the history of gender stratification was developed by Friedrich Engels.

True

A social-conflict account of the history of gender stratification was developed by Friedrich Engels.

True

Today, women represent ______ of all students on college campuses across the United States.

57 percent

Looking back over U.S. history, we see a general trend by which women

Have gained opportunities and power

Traditional conceptions paint masculine and feminine in opposing terms

True

Structural-functional analysis points out that industrialization encourages

growing gender equality.

Liberal feminism seeks the elimination of gender itself

False

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