EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 13 and 15

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final exam

1. Your friend asks you if he can borrow your hat because he thinks it looks fashionable, and you agree to this minor request. Later on, he asks if he can borrow your expensive leather jacket. If you agree to this larger request, then you have been influenced through the

foot-in-the-door technique

antisocial personality disorder is most likely to be characterized by

a lack of guilt feelings or remorse

Kaylee is so afraid of spiders and insects that she avoids most outdoor activities and even refuses to go to the basement of her own house alone. Kaylee appears to suffer from

phobia

Wilma is extremely agitated because she hears voices that tell her to sexually seduce the male nurses in her hospital ward. Wilma is most clearly suffering from

hallucinations

Tina recently lost over half the money she had put away for her retirement. If John concludes Tina lost the money because the stock market took a significant downturn, he has

made a situational attribution

Jane's 8 year old son brought a note home from school today stating that he was involved in a fight at recess. Which of the following is an example of a situational attribution that Jane might make to explain her son's behavior?

the other child probably started the fight and he was protecting himself

Any improvement in performance that results from the presence of other people is

social facilitation

For the last month, Gabrielle has felt lethargic and has been unable to get out of bed in the morning. She has withdrawn from friends and family because she feels worthless and unlovable. Gabrielle is most likely suffering from

major depression

In Milgram's (1963) study on obedience, what percentage of the subjects fully obeyed the experimenter going up to 450 volts?

63 percent

A shift toward more extreme decisions in a group after discussion is referred to as

group polarization

Maya has always preferred individual assignments to group projects, because she finds she can always accomplish more when she works on her own. The process that describes why Maya accomplishes less when she works as part of a group is

social loafing

A symptom in which an individual is overexcited, hyperactive, and wildly optimistic is known as

) mania

Jabar, a 25-year-old auto mechanic, thinks he is Napoleon. He further believes he is being imprisoned against his will in the psychiatric hospital where his relatives have brought him for treatment. Jabar is most likely suffering from

schizophrenia

A father suggests his son's low report grades are due to the fact that his son is lazy. The father has made

a dispositional attribution

The belief that 'What goes around comes around" is known as

just world hypothesis

Mrs. Swift is alarmed by her own intrusive and irrational thoughts that her house is contaminated by germs. Her experience best illustrates the agitating effects of

obsession

Cecil is preoccupied with thoughts of jumping out the window of his tenth-floor apartment. To reduce his anxiety, he frequently counts his heartbeats aloud. Cecil would most likely be diagnosed as experiencing

obsessive-compulsive disorder

Each time Shelby has a headache, she fears that she has a cancerous tumor in her brain that will eventually kill her. Several head scans have revealed no such tumor, yet Shelby persists in her belief that she has a tumor. Shelby's physician should worry that she is showing symptoms of

hypochondriasis

During a heated argument with his father, Mike was suddenly unable to move his right arm. Medical examinations are unable to detect a physiological basis for the paralysis. It is likely that Mike suffers from

conversion disorder

Kitty Genovese's neighbors failed to respond to her cries for help because of the ___________ phenomenon.

diffusion of responsibility

While walking through a shopping center, Talibah notices her heart is beating strongly, she cannot breathe and feels dizzy. This is the fifth time this week Talibah has experienced these symptoms. Talibah is showing signs of

panic disorder

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